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TESL Biology Class Workbook Mrs. Ciprianos 5/6 period class 2015-16 H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 1 Use this workbook with the Biology Cycles of Life text book and using online science resources. The page numbers correlate with the textbook and help define vocabulary words and answer some questions. Some information will need to be researched in your power point notes, in other books and online. Always answer all questions IN YOUR OWN WORDS. If the defintion is not science related, it will be incorrect. Follow the website to keep track of what is being assigned.

H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 2 Biology as a Science DEFINE: pgs. 17-21 Control__________________________________________________________________________________________Hypothesis-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Scientific method-_________________________________________________________________________________ Magnification-____________________________________________________________________________________ Resolution-______________________________________________ Theory-_________________________________________________ Variable-________________________________________________ Analysis-________________________________________________ Control group-___________________________________________ Data-___________________________________________________ Experimental group-______________________________________ Biology-________________________________________________

H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 3 Answer the following: 1. What are the steps for the scientific method? List them below__________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 2.What is a controlled experiment? __________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

4 3. Why is it important to observe and question before coming up with a hypothesis? Pg. 25 Mad Cow Disease.Read, Questions 1-3. Write out questions and answers below. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 5 Define: pgs. 2-8 Life Processes 1. organism-_____________________________________________________________________________ 2. Cycle________________________________________________________________________________3. Nutrition_____________________________________________________________________________4. Respiration-___________________________________________________________________________

5. DNA-+_______________________________________________________________________________ 6. Excretion_____________________________________________________________________________ 7. Growth-______________________________________________________________________________ 8. Homeostasis-_________________________________________________________________________ 9. Metabolism-__________________________________________________________________________ 10. Reproduction-________________________________________________________________________ 11. Transport-____________________________________________________________________________ 12. Cell-_________________________________________________________________________________l H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 6 13. Regulation-___________________________________________________________________________ Answer the following questions: 1. What life process involves obtaining material and changing it into useful forms? 2. What is another name for a living thing? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

7 Tools of a Biologist: Define: 1. Light microscope-_____________________________________________ 2. Compound microscope-__________________________________________ 3. Specimen-___________________________________________________ 4. Tissue culture-_______________________________________________ 5. Chromatography-_____________________________________________ 6. Electrophoresis-______________________________________________ Finish the flow chart below: Define the problem H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS Report the results

8 Answer the questions below: 1. How do you prepare a wet mount slide-you may draw or write step by step below: 2.Explain the difference between a coarse and fine adjustment knob. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 9 Label the diagram below: H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 10

Answer these questions: 1. Give an example of an instrument that improves observations? 2. What is the difference between magnification and resolution? Explain H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 11 Classification Define : Use pgs. 456-460: Taxonomy-_____________________________________________________________________ Binomial nomenclature-____________________________________________________________ Genus-________________________________________________________________________ Kingdom-______________________________________________________________________ domain-_______________________________________________________________________ Species-_______________________________________________________________________

Taxonomy-_____________________________________________________________________ Bacteria-______________________________________________________________________ Virus-_________________________________________________________________________ Archaea bacteria-________________________________________________________________ Eukarya bacteria-________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 12 THINK! You enter a supermarket to purchase corn. Where do you find it? Is there only one place to buy corn in a supermarket? Explain below and be specific. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

13 Define: use pgs. 464-466 Protozoan-____________________________________________________________________ Algae-_______________________________________________________________________ Euglena-______________________________________________________________________ Ameba-_______________________________________________________________________ Pseudopod-____________________________________________________________________ Dysentery-____________________________________________________________________ Pg. 466 Achievements in Science Who is Carl Linnaeus? What did he develop? Explain. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 14

Define: use pgs. 472-477 Vascular plant-________________________________________________________________ Xylem-______________________________________________________________________ Seed-_______________________________________________________________________ Fossil fuel-___________________________________________________________________ Non-vascular plant-_____________________________________________________________ Phloem-_____________________________________________________________________ Root-________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 15 Pg.

477 Finish the graphic organizer below: PLANTS Vascular plants Angiosperms H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 16 Define: use pg. 479 Kingdom Animalia-

Heterotroph-__________________________________________________________________ Multicellular-___________________________________________________________________ Nervous system-_________________________________________________________________ Vertebrates-___________________________________________________________________ Invertebrates-__________________________________________________________________ Pg. 480 List 8 features of animals. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 17 Pg. 480 cont.

1. List the six kingdoms below. 2. How are the members of the archaebacteria and eubacteria different from other organisms in other kingdoms? Explain. 3. What are protozoa? Give an example. 4. What phylum and class do humans belong? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 18 The study of CELLS Define- from pgs. 103-107: ATP-______________________________________________________________________

Cell Theory-__________________________________________________________________ Organ-____________________________________________________________________ Organelle___________________________________________________________________ Hormone-__________________________________________________________________ Microscope-_________________________________________________________________ Diffusion-__________________________________________________________________ Pg. 60-Why do scientists use dyes in cell study? Answer below..and give an example. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 19 Define: use pgs. 116-119 Prokaryote-_________________________________________________________ Eukaryote-__________________________________________________________ Binary fission-_______________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

20 EXPLAIN-use pg. 118 Achievement in Science 1. What are HeLa cells? Explain why they are so special. 2. Research these cells. What specific contributions have they done for science and humans? 3. Have you learned anything interesting about these cells and their use? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 21 Define-use pgs. 123-125 Tissue-_______________________________________________________________________

Epithelial cell-__________________________________________________________________ Nervous tissue-_________________________________________________________________ Organ-________________________________________________________________________ Organ system-__________________________________________________________________ Circulatory system-_______________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 22 Research! Why is their such a debate over the use of stem cells? Give three examples of this debate. Explain. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 23

List the three principles of the cell theory 1. 2. 3. Who are the following scientists and what are they known for? 1. Robert Hooke2. Anton von Leeuwenhoek- 3. Matthias Schleiden- 4. Theodor Schwann- 5. Rudolf Virchow- H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 24

Organelles of the Cells Define: use pgs. 142 Nuclear Pore-_______________________________________________________________________ Nucleolus-____________________________________________________________________ Ribosome-____________________________________________________________________ Nucleus-_____________________________________________________________________ Ribosome-____________________________________________________________________ Genome-_____________________________________________________________________ Chromosome-__________________________________________________________________ How long is the DNA from one human cell if it was laid out straight? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

25 Research !! DNA mutations. List activities or materials that can cause a mutation. Give AT LEAST 3 examples with a simple explanation. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 26 Define: pages 146-148 Chloroplast_______________________________________________________________ Mitochondria_____________________________________________________________ Chlorophyll_______________________________________________________________

Photosynthesis_____________________________________________________________ Stroma____________________________________________________________________ Thylakoid___________________________________________________________________ Grana______________________________________________________________________ Cellular respiration_____________________________________________________________ Matrix_____________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 27 Why are trees helpful? What is chlorophyll? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

28 Define: pages 150-152 Endoplasmic reticulum-_________________________________________________________ Golgi apparatus-______________________________________________________________ Cytoskeleton-________________________________________________________________ Flagellum-___________________________________________________________________ Lysosome-__________________________________________________________________ Vacuole-____________________________________________________________________ Microfilament-_______________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 29 n i m a

l C e l l : Word bank: mitochondria, ribosomes, nucleus, nuclear membrane, nucleolus, endoplasmic reticulum smooth, endoplasmic reticulum rough, lysosomes, vacuole, Golgi body, cellular membrane, cytoplasm. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 30 Define: pages 111-114 Cellular structure and function:

Homeostasis-________________________________________________________________ Transport-__________________________________________________________________ Concentration-_______________________________________________________________ Diffusion-___________________________________________________________________ Selectively permeable-__________________________________________________________ Concentration gradient-_________________________________________________________ Osmosis-___________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 31 Pg. 114-Why shouldnt a human drink seawater? Pg. 115-What is physiological

saline? Why is it helpful for doctors? Research!! What is another name for sodium chloride? Sodium chloride=_____________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 32 Define: pages 134-140 Cell Membrane:

Bilayer-____________________________________________________________________ Plasma membrane-____________________________________________________________ Cytoplasm-__________________________________________________________________ Facilitated diffusion-__________________________________________________________ Active transport-_____________________________________________________________ Gap junction-________________________________________________________________ Transport protein-____________________________________________________________ Passive transport-____________________________________________________________ Endocytosis-________________________________________________________________ Exocytosis-_________________________________________________________________ Isotonic-___________________________________________________________________ Hypotonic-__________________________________________________________________ Hypertonic-_________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 33 Answer

questions below: 1. What is the function of the cell membrane? 2. Where in the cell is the hereditary material located? 3. What is the function of the mitochondria? 4. Define the terms diffusion and osmosis? 5. Name two kinds of active transport. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 34 Define: pg.159 Cell wall-__________________________________________________________________ Central vacuole-_____________________________________________________________

Animal cell Plant cell H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 35 Word Bank: cell wall, cell membrane, vacuole, cytoplasm, Mitochondria, nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear membrane, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum smooth, endoplasmic reticulum rough, Chlorplasts, golgi bodies, lysosomes. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 36

List some characteristics of each in the chart below: Plant Cells Animal Cells H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 37 Photosynthesis DEFINE: Autotroph-____________________________________________________________________ Mesophyll-____________________________________________________________________ Guard cell-____________________________________________________________________ Absorb-_______________________________________________________________________ Stoma-_______________________________________________________________________ Vascular bundle-_______________________________________________________________

Electromagnetic radiation-________________________________________________________ Wavelength-___________________________________________________________________ Chlorophyll-____________________________________________________________________ Chloroplast-___________________________________________________________________ Spongy layer-__________________________________________________________________ Phloem-_______________________________________________________________________ Vein-_________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 38 Xylem-_______________________________________________________________________ Answer the questions! 1. Where in the leaf are the xylem and phloem found? 2. What layer slows down water loss from a leaf?

3. Explain the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration: H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 39 Is sunlight only one color? What is a prism? Pg. 230233 Explain the meaning of the word photosynthesis THINK! One way to speed up a chemical reaction is to increase the

Quantity of reactants (or ingredients) available. How could you use this information to increase the rate of photosynthesis? H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 40 Finish the diagram of a chloroplast below: H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 41 Cellular Respiration Define: pg. 196 Respiration-_________________________________________________________ Reduction-__________________________________________________________

Oxidation-___________________________________________________________ Electron carrier-______________________________________________________ NADH-_____________________________________________________________ Finish the chemical equation below:C6 C6H12O6 glucose H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 42 Define-pg. 200-218 Glycolysis-________________________________________________________________ Pyruvic acid-______________________________________________________________ Energy-__________________________________________________________________ Krebs cycle-_______________________________________________________________ Glucose-__________________________________________________________________

Aerobic-___________________________________________________________________ Anaerobic-________________________________________________________________ Fermentation-______________________________________________________________ Lactic acid-________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 43 DEFINE Pg. 343 HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS: Ingestion-_______________________________________________________ Gallbladder-_____________________________________________________ Bile-___________________________________________________________ Peristalsis-______________________________________________________ RESEARCH:

Why is bacteria harmful and beneficial to the Digestive system? Pg 346 Link to: What is E.coli? Explain. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 44 Describe the importance of stomach acid and why it does not damage other organs in the body

Respiratory System: Define: pg. 348 Trachea-_____________________________________________________________ Lungs -___________________________________________________________ Capillary-_____________________________________________________________ Larynx-______________________________________________________________ Bronchus-____________________________________________________________ Bronchiole-___________________________________________________________ Alveolus-_____________________________________________________________ Sleep apnea-__________________________________________________________ Asthma-______________________________________________________________ Bronchitis-____________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 45

THINK WHAT IS MEANT BY A GAS EXCHANGE SYSTEM?? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ How do body cells take in oxygen and get rid of CO2? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Name 4 diseases of the respiratory system and describe them. 1. ______________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

46 Circulatory System Pg. 352-Define: Cardiac-______________________________________________________________________________ Atrium-_______________________________________________________________________________ Vein-_________________________________________________________________________________ Ventricle-_____________________________________________________________________________ Artery-_______________________________________________________________________________ Aorta-________________________________________________________________________________ Plasma-______________________________________________________________________________ Platelet-______________________________________________________________________________ Superior vena cava-_____________________________________________________________________ Inferior vena cava-_______________________________________________________________________ Connective tissue-_______________________________________________________________________ Cardiovascular disease-__________________________________________________________________

Interstitial fluid-__________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 47 Label the diagram: Using colored pencils color the pathway of blood through the heart Red=oxygenated Blue=deoxygenated H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 48

pg 354 Normal blood_____ Research: What is the normal pH of human blood? What is the lifespan for a normal red blood cell? _______________ _____________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS Where are red blood cells made in the body?

49 What does blood pressure mean? Answer questions 1-3. Pg. 356 1._________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ _ 2._________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 3._________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ _ Excretory Systemstarting pg. 359 Define: Ureter-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Urine-_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Nephron-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Glomerulus-____________________________________________________________________________________________ Metabolic waste-_________________________________________________________________________________________ Epidermis-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Dermis-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Perspiration-____________________________________________________________________________________________ Fatty layer-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 50 1. How does the excretory system regulate water balance in the body? Answer these: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________.

2. Explain how the excretory system removes metabolic waste from our bodies? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Can you answer this?? Think about evaporation. Why do you think perspiration leaves the skin feeling cool? __________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Pg.3 60 Name three organs of the excretory system 1.___________________ it excretes __________________ from the human body. 2.___________________ it excretes __________________ from the human body. 3. ___________________ it excretes __________________ from the human body. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

51 pg. 362365 Nervous system-define words below: Axon-___________________________________________________________________________________ Brain stem-_______________________________________________________________________________ Cerebellum-______________________________________________________________________________ Cerebral cortex-___________________________________________________________________________ Dendrite-________________________________________________________________________________ Hypothalamus-___________________________________________________________________________ Limbic system-____________________________________________________________________________ Neuron-_________________________________________________________________________________ Neurotransmitter-_________________________________________________________________________ Pituitary gland-____________________________________________________________________________ Synapse-________________________________________________________________________________ Thalamus-_______________________________________________________________________________

H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 52 Label the parts of the brain H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 53 What is ALS? Explain._____________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Sensory ReceptorsPgs 367-370 Define: Auditory nerve__________________________________________

Cornea-______________________________________________ Eardrum-______________________________________________________________________________ Effector cell-____________________________________________________________________________ Optic nerve-____________________________________________________________________________ Sensory receptor-________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 54 What is your favorite and most important sense (sight, hearing, touch, taste or smell) Think. in your opinion and why?____________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. Endocrine System-pg. 372 define the following: Glucose-______________________________________________________________________________

Hormone-______________________________________________________________________________ Diabetes-______________________________________________________________________________ Hyperthyroid-___________________________________________________________________________ Hypothyroid-___________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 55 Finish this table: Gland Name What does it do? Adrenal glands Regulates the level of glucose in the blood Regulates the calcium in the blood. Pituitary gland Secretes melatonin to regulate sleep.

Gonads Thymus gland Hypothalamus H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 56 Think!! What is the feedback loop?____________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________. Skeletal Muscular System-pg. 375 Define below: Skeletal system-_______________________________________________________________________ Tendon-_____________________________________________________________________________ Red marrow-__________________________________________________________________________ Osteoporosis-________________________________________________________________________ Voluntary muscle-______________________________________________________________________ Involuntary muscle-_____________________________________________________________________

H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 57 Fill in the chart with the function of the skeletal system Body Part Function Rib cage vertebrae skull bones Red marrow What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscles?___________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________ Explain the differences between a tendon and ligament._____________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 58 REVIEW: List at least 3 facts for each system you have studied. Name one disease and how it affects the human body for each system. Digestion- 1.________________________________________________________________________________ 2._______________________________________________________________________________________ 3._______________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________ Its affect?_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Respiratory system- 1.________________________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________________________________ 3._______________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________ Its affect?_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 59 Circulatory- 1.________________________________________________________________________ 2._______________________________________________________________________________________ 3._______________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________ Its affect?_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Excretory system- 1.________________________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________________________________ 3._______________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________ Its affect?_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Nervous- 1.________________________________________________________________________ 2._______________________________________________________________________________________ 3._______________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________ Its affect?_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 60 Endocrine- 1.________________________________________________________________________ 2.________________________________________________________________________________________

3.________________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________Its affect?_________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Skeletal and Muscular- 1.________________________________________________________________________ 2.________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.________________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________Its affect?_________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Five Senses- 1.________________________________________________________________________ 2.________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.________________________________________________________________________________________ Disease __________________________Its affect?_________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

61 Fill in the chart below: System Function Protects and supports Breaks down food Controls activities Carries material Gets rid of metabolic waste Gets oxygen Releases CO2 H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 62

Reproduction-pg. 260 Define words below: Spermatogenesis-___________________________________________________________________________ Testis-____________________________________________________________________________________ Testosterone-_______________________________________________________________________________ Gonad-___________________________________________________________________________________ Semen-___________________________________________________________________________________ Ejaculation-________________________________________________________________________________ Scrotum-__________________________________________________________________________________ Vas Deferens-_______________________________________________________________________________ Seminiferous tubule-__________________________________________________________________________ Urethra-___________________________________________________________________________________ Penis-____________________________________________________________________________________ How do sperm move through the reproduction system?_________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 63

Pg. 262 Oogenesis-_______________________________________________________________________________ Oocyte-__________________________________________________________________________________ Estrogen-_________________________________________________________________________________ Ovary-___________________________________________________________________________________ Follicle-__________________________________________________________________________________ Ovulation-________________________________________________________________________________ Fallopian tube-_____________________________________________________________________________ Uterus-___________________________________________________________________________________ Embryo-__________________________________________________________________________________ Menstruation-______________________________________________________________________________ Menopause-_______________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 64 _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Explain the difference in size between a human sperm compared to a human egg.. What is the path of an egg through the female reproductive system? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

Define-pg. 265: Vagina-__________________________________________________________________________________ Cervix-___________________________________________________________________________________ Pregnancy-_______________________________________________________________________________ Gestation time-_____________________________________________________________________________ Placenta-_________________________________________________________________________________ Umbilical cord-_____________________________________________________________________________ Fetus-___________________________________________________________________________________ Adolescence-______________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 65 Genetics pg. 278-Define Allele-__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Cross fertilization-_________________________________________________________________________________________ Dominant gene___________________________________________________________________________________________ heterozygous=-___________________________________________________________________________________________ Homozygous-_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Hybrid-__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Punnet square-____________________________________________________________________________________________ Recessive gene-___________________________________________________________________________________________ F1 generation-____________________________________________________________________________________________ F2 generation-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Heredity-_________________________________________________________________________________________________ Trait-____________________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 66 Punnet Square Practice- H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 67

Genetics-_______________________________________________________________ Define- pg. 284 Simple Dominance-_______________________________________________________ Genotype-______________________________________________________________ Phenotype-______________________________________________________________ Linkage map-____________________________________________________________ Multiple allele-_____________________________________________________________________________ Co-dominance-___________________________________________________________________________ Incomplete dominance-_____________________________________________________________________ Pleiotropy-_______________________________________________________________________________ Explain and examples:____________________________ ________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Explain the

difference between codominance and incomplete dominance-give examples _______________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 68 Pg. 292-Define Sex chromosome-_________________________________________________ Autosome-_______________________________________________________ Sex-linked trait-_________________________________________________________________________ Sex-linked inheritance-___________________________________________________________________ Carrier-______________________________________________________________________________

Fill in the Punnet squareMOM X X Y How many children might be girls? X _____________% _____________ out of 4 H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 69 Modern Genetics-Define

Autosome-_______________________________________________________________________________ Crossing over-____________________________________________________________________________ Nucleotide-______________________________________________________________________________ Translation-______________________________________________________________________________ Thymine-________________________________________________________________________________ Cytosine-________________________________________________________________________________ Transcription-_____________________________________________________________________________ Sugar-phosphate backbone-__________________________________________________________________ Nitrogenous base-__________________________________________________________________________ Guanine-_________________________________________________________________________________ Uracil-____________________________________________________________________________________ Who is Watson and Crick and what contribution have they made for science? What About Rosalind Franklin?_____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 70

_________________________________________________________________________________________ Describe and label the DNA structure : What are the differences between RNA and DNA? Fill in the chart below>>>> DNA RNA H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 71 Messenger RNA-________________________________________________________ Pg. 316 Define Transfer RNA-__________________________________________________________

Anti codon-_____________________________________________________________ Codon-__________________________________________________________________________________ Genetic code-_____________________________________________________________________________ Mutagen-________________________________________________________________________________ Deletion-________________________________________________________________________________ Mutation-________________________________________________________________________________ Substitution-_____________________________________________________________________________ Insertion-________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 72 1._____________________________________ ______________________________________ How is it ? used?

What is an Antibiotic? 2._________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Why doesnt an antibiotic work on a virus? 3.______________________________________ ______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Describe what a vaccine is..How is it used? 4.______________________________________________

_______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 5._______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS How is a vaccine different than an antibiotic? 73 Biotechnology Define. Biotechnology-_____________________________________________________________________________ Plasmid-__________________________________________________________________________________ Down syndrome-____________________________________________________________________________ Non disjunction-_____________________________________________________________________________ Transformation-____________________________________________________________________________

Genetically modified food-____________________________________________________________________ Growth factor-______________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 74 Immunity and Natural Defense pg. 332-Define Infectious disease-________________________________________________________________________________________ Pathogen-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Lymph system-___________________________________________________________________________________________ White blood cell-__________________________________________________________________________________________ Inflammatory response-____________________________________________________________________________________ Antigen-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Immunity-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ non-specific disease-______________________________________________________________________________________ Specific disease-__________________________________________________________________________________________ Phagocyte-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Lymphocyte-______________________________________________________________________________________________

Memory cell-______________________________________________________________________________________________ AIDS-____________________________________________________________________________________________________ HIV-______________________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 75 EVOLUTION-pg 386 DefineFossil-____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Population-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Acquired trait-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Adapt-____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Biological evolution-_________________________________________________________________________________________ Gene pool-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Natural selection-___________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 76

What characteristics do you think leopards have to help them survive? Hint: look at a RESEARCH picture of one._________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ DARWIN: What are the two theories that came from Darwins Lets focus on the scientists and their theories work?______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ MENDEL: How did Mendels work support evolution?____________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ LEMARK:What are your thoughts on Jean Baptiste de Lemark? Do you agree or disagree?______________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 77 Pg. 392-Define Anatomy-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Fossil record-___________________________________________________________________________________________ Comparative anatomy-____________________________________________________________________________________

Homologous structure-____________________________________________________________________________________ Sedimentary rock-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Molecular biology-________________________________________________________________________________________ Pg. 397-define Geological time-________________________________________________________________ Paleontologist-____________________________________________________________________________________________ Radioactive element-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Invertebrate-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Plate tectonics-____________________________________________________________________________________________ Vertebrate-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 78 Pg. 404 Define Recombination-________________________________________________________________________ Endangered-_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Gene flow-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Mutation-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Extinct-__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Habitat-__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium-_________________________________________________________________________________ Tech & Society: Describe Skin Cancer, and how scientists are trying to treat it.. Describe:_____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 79

Ecology pg. 535 Define: Interact-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Biosphere-___________________________________________________________________________________________ Sample-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Community-__________________________________________________________________________________________ Niche-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Biome-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Population density-____________________________________________________________________________________ Stability-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Diversity-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Why are rainforests and deserts different biomes? Explain-____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 80 PLACE THE FOLLOWING IN ORDER FROM SMALLEST ON TOP TO LARGEST ON BOTTOM: Community, organism, ecosystem, biosphere, population. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 81 Carbon cycle-_________________________________________________________________ Ecology-_____________________________________________________________________ FIND AND DEFINE:

Climax community-_____________________________________________________________ Population-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Carrying capacity-__________________________________________________________________________________________ Food chain-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ecosystem-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Food web-_________________________________________________________________________________________________ Succession-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Growth rate-________________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 82 Pg. 548 Define: Commensalism-________________________________________________________________________ Host-_________________________________________________________________________________ Mutualism-____________________________________________________________________________

Parasitism-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Predation-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Symbiosis-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Describe a niche-________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Think! Which is more stable: A fish tank (aquarium) with one fish or an aquarium with many Different organisms? Explain.__________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

83 Abiotic same Biotic Compare and contrastAbiotic vs. biotic Explain what happened here and the ecosystem today that exists there______________ Pg. 556 Link To: Mt. St. Helens _______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS

84 Symbiosis-__________________________________________________ Parasitism-__________________________________________________ Give an example of the following relationships: Mutualism-__________________________________________________ Commensalism-______________________________________________ Ecosystems-pg 565 define Phototroph-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Chemotroph-_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Solar-__________________________________________________________________________________________________ Producer-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Consumer-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Decomposer-_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Food web-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Food chain-______________________________________________________________________________________________ Energy pyramid-__________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 85 Which is more stable? A food web or a food chain? Explain _________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Pg. 574Define and give a brief explanation: Carbon Cycle-______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Nitrogen cycle-_____________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Water cycle-_______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 86 Carbon Cycle Nitrogen cycle ________________________________ Compare and Contrast the: _____________________________

________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ Is there anything similar? ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 87 Pg. 585 Human impact and Technology-Define:

Acid rain-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Chemical runoff-_________________________________________________________________________________________ Deforestation-___________________________________________________________________________________________ Greenhouse effect-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Eutrophication-___________________________________________________________________________________________ Introduced species-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Land development-_______________________________________________________________________________________ Ozone-________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pollution-_______________________________________________________________________________________________ Project!!! Using the following template: research either newspaper, Internet or magazine articles. You must use at least 1 from each source above. Find an article on ALL of the following topics. Fill out the graphic organizers attached and write a brief summary in your own words about each article. topics

H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 88 Topics: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Acid Rain Invasive species Discovery or extinction of a new species Habitat destruction Global Warming/destruction of the ozone layer Genetically modified organisms or food.

Recycling programs and the environment. Due Date: _________ Regents Date:__________________ Regents Time:__________________ Room Number:_________________ ** Remember to bring Pencil, black pen, non graphing calculator and A WORD TO WORD translator. H. Cipriano-TESL BIO/ Great Neck South HS 89

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