Welcome to Ethics in Law Enforcement

Welcome to Ethics in Law Enforcement

WELCOME TO ETHICS IN LAW ENFORCEMENT Goals and Objectives: Refer to the POST Goals and Objectives Definition of Ethics: Ethics are a principle of right or good behavior - a guiding philosophy

Definition of Professionalism: Professional status Your job title requires you to be professional Methods How you do your job reflects on how your are judged professionally Character Police officers are expected to have a professional character

Standards You are required to live to the highest standards both on and off-duty. Definition of Morals: In accordance with standards of what is right or just. Definition of

Integrity: Firm adherence to a code or standard of values What do ethics mean to you? Judgment Moral Behavior

Values Do not fear the truth!!! The truth is real, it is fact and it is never a lie. There is no remembering the truth, only stating the facts. Nevada Department of Corrections Code Of Ethics The Nevada Department of Corrections is committed to a code of ethics that will guide the performance, conduct and behavior of its employees. This code will ensure that our professionalism is reflected in the operation and activities of the Department and is

recognized by all interested parties. In this light, the following principles are practiced: Employees shall maintain high standards of honesty, integrity, and impartiality, free from any personal considerations, favoritism or partisan demands. Employees shall be courteous, considerate, and prompt when dealing with the public, realizing that we serve the public. Employees shall maintain mutual respect and professional cooperation in their relationships with other staff members of the Department of Corrections. Employees shall be firm, fair, and consistent in the performance of their duties. Employees shall treat others with dignity, respect, and compassion and provide humane custody and care, void of all retribution, harassment or abuse.

Nevada Department of Corrections Code Of Ethics Cont Employees shall uphold the tenets of the United States Constitution, its amendments, the Nevada Constitution, federal and State laws, rules and regulations, and policies of the Department. Whether on or off duty, in uniform or not, employees shall conduct themselves in a manner that will not bring discredit or embarrassment to the Department of Corrections and the State of Nevada. Employees shall report without reservation any corrupt or unethical behavior that could affect either inmates, employees, or the integrity of the Department of Corrections.

Employees shall not use their position for personal gain. Employees shall maintain confidentiality of information that has been entrusted to them and designated as such. Nevada Department of Corrections Code Of Ethics Cont Employees shall not permit themselves to be placed under any kind of personal obligation that could lead any person to expect official favors. Employees shall not accept or solicit from anyone, either directly or indirectly, anything of economic value, such as a gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, or loan which is, or may appear to be, designed to influence their official conduct.

Employees will not discriminate against any inmate, employee or any member of the public on the basis of race, gender, creed, or national origin. Employees will not sexually harass or condone sexual harassment with or against any person. Employees shall maintain the highest standards of personal hygiene, grooming and neatness while on duty or otherwise representing the Department. 10 Deadly Ethical Sins 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. Lying Alcohol/Drugs Stealing Property Stealing Time Money Cynicism

7. Domestic Violence 8. Inappropriate Sexual Conduct 9. Excessive Force 10.Text Messaging, EMail & Social Media Canons of Police Ethics Article 1 Primary Job Responsibility The primary responsibility of the police service, and of the individual officer, is the protection of the people of the United States through the upholding of

their laws; chief among these is the Constitution of the United States and its amendments. The law enforcement officer always represents the whole of the community and its legally expressed will and is never the arm of any political party or clique. Canons of Police Ethics Article 2 Limitations of Authority The first duty of a law enforcement officer, as upholder of the law, is to know its bounds upon him in enforcing it. Because he represents the legal will of the community, be it local, state or federal, he must be aware of the limitations and proscriptions which the people, through law have placed upon him. He must recognize the genius of the American system of government

which gives to no man, groups of men, or institution, absolute power, and he must insure that he, as a prime defender of that system, does not pervert its character. Canons of Police Ethics Article 3 Duty to Be Familiar with the Law and with Responsibilities of Self and Other Public Officials The law enforcement officer shall assiduously apply himself to the study of the principles of the laws which he is sworn to uphold. He win make certain of his responsibilities in the particulars of their enforcement, seeking aid from his superiors in matters of technicality or principle when these are not clear to him; he will make special effort to fully understand his relationship to other public officials, including other law enforcement agencies, particularly

on matters of jurisdiction, both geographically and substantively. Canons of Police Ethics Article 4 Utilization of Proper Means to Gain Proper Ends The law enforcement officer shall be mindful of his responsibility to pay strict heed to the selection of means in discharging, the duties of his office. Violations of law or disregard for public safety and property on the part of an officer are intrinsically wrong; they are selfdefeating in that they instill in the public mind a like disposition. The employment of illegal means, no matter how worthy the end, is certain to encourage disrespect for the law and its officers. If the law is to be honored, it must first be honored by those who enforce it. Canons of Police Ethics

Article 5 Cooperation with Public Officials in the Discharge of Authorized Duties The law enforcement officer shall cooperate fully with other public officials in the discharge of authorized duties, regardless of party affiliation or personal prejudice. He shall be meticulous, however, in assuring himself of the propriety, under the law, of such actions and shall guard against the use of his office or person, whether knowingly or unknowingly, in any improper or illegal action. In any situation open to question, he shall seek authority from his superior officer, giving him a full report of the proposed service or action. Canons of Police Ethics Article 6 Private Conduct The law enforcement officer shall be mindful of his special identification by the public as an

upholder of the law. Laxity of conduct or manner in private life, expressing either disrespect for the law or seeking to gain special privilege, cannot but reflect upon the police officer and the police service. The community and the service require that the law enforcement officer lead the life of a decent and honorable man. Following the career of a policeman gives no man special perquisites. It does give the satisfaction and pride of following and furthering an unbroken tradition of safeguarding the American republic. The officer who reflects upon this tradition will not degrade it. Rather, he will so conduct his private life that the public will regard him as an example of stability, fidelity, and morality. Canons of Police Ethics Article 7 Conduct toward the Public

The law enforcement officer, mindful of his responsibility to the whole community, shall deal with individuals of the community in a manner calculated to instill respect for its laws and its police service. The law enforcement officer shall conduct his official life in a manner such as will inspire confidence and trust. Thus, he will be neither overbearing nor subservient, as no individual citizen has an obligation to stand in awe of him nor a right to command him. The officer will give service where he can, and require compliance with the law. He will do neither from personal preference or prejudice but rather as a duly appointed officer of the law discharging his sworn obligation. Canons of Police Ethics Article 8 Conduct in Arresting and Dealing with Law Violators

The law enforcement officer shall use his powers of arrest strictly in accordance with the law and with due regard to the rights of the citizen concerned. His office gives him no right to prosecute the violator nor to mete out punishment for the offense. He shall, at all times, have a clear appreciation of his responsibilities and limitations regarding detention of the violator; he shall conduct himself in such a manner as will minimize the possibility of having to use force. To this end he shall cultivate a dedication to the service of the people and the equitable upholding of their laws whether in the handling of law violators or in dealing with the law-abiding. Canons of Police Ethics Article 9 Gifts and Favors

The law enforcement officer, representing government, bears the heavy responsibility of maintaining, in his own conduct, the honor and integrity of all government institutions. He shall, therefore, guard against placing himself in a position in which any person can expect special consideration or in which the public can reasonably assume that special consideration is being given. Thus, he should be firm in refusing gifts, favors, or gratuities, large or small, which can, in the public mind, be interpreted as capable of influencing his judgment in the discharge of his duties. Canons of Police Ethics Article 10 Presentation of Evidence The law enforcement officer shall be concerned equally in the prosecution of the wrong-doer

and the defense of the innocent. He shall ascertain what constitutes evidence and shall present such evidence impartially and without malice. In so doing, he will ignore social, political, and all other distinctions among the persons involved, strengthening the tradition of the reliability and integrity of an officer's word. The law enforcement officer shall take special pains to increase his perception and skill of observation, mindful that in many situations his is the sole impartial testimony to the facts of a case. Canons of Police Ethics Article 11 Attitude toward Profession The law enforcement officer shall regard the discharge of his duties as a public trust and

recognize his responsibility as a public servant. By diligent study and sincere attention to selfimprovement he shall strive to make the best possible application of science to the solution of crime and, in the field of human relationships, strive for effective leadership and public influence in matters affecting public safety. He shall appreciate the importance and responsibility of his office, and hold police work to be an honorable profession rendering valuable service to his community and his country. The Six Pillars of Character Trustworthiness- honesty, integrity, promise keeping, loyalty and fortitude Respect Responsibility- accountability, pursuit of excellence and self restraint

Justice and Fairness Caring Civil Virtue and Citizenship Ethical Dilemma: A situation in which the individual: Does not know the right course of action Has a difficult time doing what they know is right Finds the wrong choice very tempting Categories:

Discretion (legality) Duty (service) Honesty Loyalty Gratuities and/or Bribes

Causes of Unethical Behavior

Attitude the professionals most valuable asset. Anger a major cause of unethical behavior within law enforcement. Lust- next to hunger and thirst, lust is the most powerful human drive. Greed- flourishes throughout American society. Stress- under stress, people normally react the way they have been trained. Peer Pressure- no matter your age, it has a tremendous influence on behavior. Selfishness- Its all about me Result of unethical behavior The public expects law enforcement to use their authority without malice or improprieties.

Failure in this area means that the citizens will strive to remove or limit that authority Statistics show that we lose 3-4 times more officers each year to misconduct vs. death. Ask Yourself.. Do I recognize who I am, what my personal code of ethics is and where it came from? Can I submit to the Departments code of ethics without compromising the values and morals that I have adopted?

Can I do the right thing, for the right reasons, each and every day? Am I prepared to face the ethical dilemmas and barriers that law enforcement officers encounter during their careers? Conducting Misconduct Investigations Why do we conduct investigations??? Community trust Maintain integrity Transparency Police the Police To protect our personnel, our Department, and the public

Investigations continued: What happens if we dont investigate complaints??? Loss of public trust Allegations of corruption

Sweeping things under the rug Good old boys club Taint the Thin Blue Line Types of Complaints: Oral Written Internal Anonymous 3rd Party

Investigative Process Peace Officers Bill of Rights NRS 289 The officers testimony is compelled, but cannot be used against him criminally (Garrity v. New Jersey, 385 U.S. 493) NAC 284 Burden of proof is a preponderance of evidence. Gratuities & Gifts

It is hard to ignore the subject of gratuities in any class on peace officer ethics. Many articles appearing in law enforcement publications and academic journals discuss the topic, and civilians often identify it as an enduring problem among peace officers. Still, many officers believe there is nothing wrong with accepting gratuities. One distinction that can be made in these dilemmas is between:

True gratuities, something given to any officer as a matter of policy, and Gifts, something given to an individual in return for a specific action. However, both gratuities and gifts can become problematic issues for officers and agencies. Gratuities & Gifts Dilemmas Declining a Gratuity: To avoid any suggestion of impropriety, you prefer to

pay for drinks and meals at area establishments. You have learned from experience that people always expect something in return. You stop by a convenience store for a soda. The clerk refuses to accept payment. You explain that you would prefer to pay. The clerk, now upset, accuses you of trying to be better than the other officers. He threatens to tell your supervisor, who also stops by occasionally. What do you do?

The circumstances amid which you live determine your reputation; the truth you believe determines your character. Reputation is what you are supposed to be; character is what you are. Reputation is the photograph; character is the face. Reputation comes over one from without; character grows up from within. Ethics Doing the right thing even when no one is

watching you Conclusion Everything we do is up for scrutiny There are cameras everywhere and it is legal to record our behavior Do not jeopardize your career due to a momentary lapse of integrity, morals, ethics, or immoral or unethical behavior!!

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