Viva Energy Australia -

Viva Energy Australia -

Viva Energy Australia Paul Smallacombe Lubricants Technical Team Lead Nick Lubransky Marketing Manager Transport Who is Viva Energy? Viva Energy brings together the strength of two of the worlds foremost energy companies to create Australias newest but most experienced energy provider. Shell invests $1.3 billion USD in R&D each year Basics of Lubrication Functions of a Lubricant

Reduce Wear Reduce Friction Seal Cool Clean Prevent Corrosion Recommending Lubricants Viscosity & Specifications Viscosity can be defined as a liquids resistance to flow. The thicker the oil, the higher the viscosity, and the thinner the oil, the lower the viscosity. The SAE viscosity grade is written as SAE XW-Y, where X is related to low-temperature viscosity and

Y is related to high-temperature viscosity. Viscosity at low temperatures (W = winter) Viscosity at high temperatures Viscosity Monograde vs. Multigrade An SAE 5W-30 multigrade oil behaves like an SAE 5W monograde oil when cold, but like an SAE 30 monograde oil when hot. Thick Viscosity Optimal Viscosity Thin

Cold SAE 30 monograde Temperature SAE 5W-30 multigrade Hot SAE 5W monograde Industry Specifications API (American Petroleum Institute) ACEA (Association des Constructeurs Europeans dAutomobiles) ILSAC (US-Japanese sponsored OEM organisation) JASO (Japanese Automobile Standards Organisation) All specifications are International in as much that the OEM will demand performance to their own and to national standards, wherever in the world their engines are used


Market Influence: Legislation Technology EXTENDED EQUIPMENT LIFE INCREASED POWER OUTPUT On-Highway Evolution =

1990s 1 Today 60 HEAVY DUTY ENGINE TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN DOMINATED BY INCREASING CONSTRAINTS ON THE EMISSIONS OF NOX AND PARTICULATE MATTER (PM) Market Influence: Technology Increased energy efficiency and power output Improved fuel injection systems i.e. common rail Turbocharging, VGT After treatment Devices

NOx control (EGR) Urea metering DPF soot regeneration Oil quality monitoring Hybridisation - e.g. Volvo, Daimler Integration of electric motors within driveline Factors affecting hardware Reduction in fuel Sulphur Clean fuels Renewable fuels

Why does emissions legislation matter to lubricant manufacturers? There is no legislation on engine oil performance Emissions legislation (and forthcoming FE legislation) drives fundamental change to engine design E.g. More or less Exhaust Gas Recirculation for NOx control Engine design affects lubrication demands More EGR makes soot handling more difficult OEM and therefore industry oil specs (eg. API/ACEA) move

in parallel to emissions legislation Recent legislation has driven after treatment (DPF, SCR) which has driven low SAPS oils Why is emissions legislation not pushed faster, or more harmonsised? Low emissions require low sulphur fuel (Euro 4 -> 50ppm, Euro 5 ->10ppm). Huge investment needed. Low emissions engines are more expensive, and harder to maintain SCR needs UREA (AdBlue) infrastructure And so on . Heavy Duty Engine Lubrication Challenges Maintain Diesel Particulate Performance

Lower oil ash levels = increased particulate trap service interval Extend Catalyst Efficiency Lifetime driving sulphur and phosphorus levels downwards Exhaust gas recirculation More phosphorus need in high wear environment Improved Soot Control

improved dispersancy and higher quality base oils Extended Service Interval increased additive treat rates and higher quality base oils Chemical Limits low SAPS (Sulphated ash, Phosphorus, Sulphur) Fuel Economy

lower viscosity grades higher VI base stocks New HDDEO Category PC-11 stands for Proposed Category 11. It is the parent project by the American Petroleum Institute (API). In December 2016, 2 new specifications of Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Oil came into effect, CK-4 and FA-4 CK-4 FA-4

Gas-To-Liquids (GTL) Base Oil Shell innovation in lubricants first to market lubricants made from natural gas Why gas? Produces a cleaner and purer form of base oil Shell GTL Base Oil Benefits of using lubricants with Shell GTL Base Oil A high-quality base material used in Shells premium finished lubricants

Marketed as Shell PurePlus Technology in consumer lubricants. Shell industrial lubricants are also GTL-enabled. Less equipment wear Higher viscosity index Lower volatility Low temperature property Better oxidation stability E

F Reduced fuel consumption Better equipment cleanliness Longer lubricant life Compared to conventional Group II/III oils Product Approvals How do I know if it is an OEM approved product? Technical Data Sheet (beware of suitable for or meets requirements of)

Approval Letter from OEM OEM Approved Products List OEM Website listing i.e. MAN or Mercedes Technical Support Viva Energys Technical Helpdesk is here to support the technical requirements associated with the fuels and lubricants you use, and more importantly, the equipment you or your customer use. Our technical people are tribology experts, delivering technical advice such as: Product Recommendations Material Safety Data Sheets Technical Data Sheets Lubrication Alternatives Product Rationalisation Fuels & Lubricants Storage & Handling Advice Oil Analysis Results

Contact with Shell Global technical Support Contact with Shell Product Application Specialists Questions?

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