UPDATE - PHOSPHINE RMMs

UPDATE - PHOSPHINE RMMs

NEW PHOSTOXIN LABELING History All existing pesticides must undergo periodic re-registration by U.S. EPA Phosphine RED published December 1998 with 15 RMMs Coalition formed January 1999 to address concerns Comments, data gathering, scientific research and EPA education led to draft label acceptance in January 2002 State regulator proposals and registrant responses in 2002 and 2003 produced this latest version

DEGESCH America, Inc. 2 Timeline of Revisions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. 10. January 17, 2002 September 11, 2002 September 19, 2002 September 20, 2002 December 9, 2002 January 18, 2003 January 27, 2003 May 7, 2003

May 9, 2003 May 15, 2003 Initial Acceptance based on MOA DEGESCH America, Inc. 3 Applicators Manual Comparison -vs-

DEGESCH America, Inc. ? 4 New Restricted Use Statement For retail sale to Dealers and Certified Applicators only. For use by Certified Applicators or persons under their direct supervision, and only for those uses covered by the Certified Applicators certification. Refer to the directions in this applicators manual for requirements of the physical presence of a Certified Applicator.

DEGESCH America, Inc. 5 11. Requirements for Certified Applicator to be present and responsible for all workers as follows: A Certified Applicator must be physically present, responsible for, and maintain visual and/or voice contact with all fumigation workers during the application of the fumigant. Once the application is complete and the structure has been made secure the certified applicator

does not need to be physically present at the site. DEGESCH America, Inc. 6 A Certified Applicator must be physically present, responsible for and maintain visual and/or voice contact with all fumigation workers during the initial opening of the fumigation structure for aeration. Once the aeration process is secured and monitoring has established that aeration can be completed safely the certified applicator does not need to be physically

present and trained person(s) can complete the process and remove the placards. DEGESCH America, Inc. 7 Persons with documented training in the handling of phosphine products must be responsible for receiving, aerating and removal of placards from vehicles which have been fumigated in transit. Refer to section 12 for training requirements. DEGESCH America, Inc.

8 DOSAGE Old Label: Minimum and maximum dosage rate New label: Maximum dosage rate Recommended dosage ranges DEGESCH America, Inc.

9 New Instructions THIS PRODUCT MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN APPROVED LABEL AND APPLICATOR'S MANUAL. READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE LABELING AND APPLICATORS MANUAL. ALL PARTS OF THE LABELING AND APPLICATORS MANUAL ARE EQUALLY IMPORTANT FOR SAFE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF THESE PRODUCTS. CONSULT WITH YOUR STATE LEAD PESTICIDE REGULATORY AGENCY TO DETERMINE REGULATORY STATUS,

REQUIREMENTS, AND RESTRICTIONS FOR FUMIGATION USE IN THAT STATE. CALL 540.234.9281/1.800.330.2525 IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR DO NOT UNDERSTAND ANY PART OF THIS LABELING DEGESCH America, Inc. 10 INCIDENT REPORTING The registrant of the label must be informed by telephone of any adverse incident to human health or the

environment involving their product so that records required by EPA can be maintained DEGESCH America, Inc. 11 THEFT OF PRODUCTS The user must immediately report the theft of any phosphine fumigants to the local police department

DEGESCH America, Inc. 12 PLACARDING New label requirements: Placards must withstand adverse weather conditions Placards must have the name of the fumigation company and a 24-hour emergency telephone number Placards must contain the EPA registration number of the product

DEGESCH America, Inc. 13 TRANSPORTATION INSTRUCTIONS Old Label: No Instructions New Label: 20.1 Transport Designations - The following transport designations apply to aluminum phosphide Proper Shipping Name: Aluminum phosphide

Hazard Class: 4.3 Identification No.: UN 1397 Packing Group: PG I Shipping Label: Dangerous When Wet/Poison Shipping Placard: Dangerous When Wet DEGESCH America, Inc.

14 TRANSPORTATION EXEMPTION 20.2 Transportation Exemption: Exemption: DOT-E 10753 Purpose and Limitation: The motor vehicles used under the terms of this exemption are not required to be placarded Modes of Transportation Authorized: Motor vehicle (Only private motor vehicles used in pest control operations are authorized to transport the packages covered by the terms of this exemption.)

NOTE: You must have a copy of this exemption with you during transportation. DEGESCH America, Inc. 15 SEALING OF STRUCTURES Sealing requirements of the new label are far more detailed DEGESCH America, Inc.

16 21. FUMIGATION MANAGEMENT PLAN The certified applicator is responsible for working with the owners and/or responsible employees of the structure and/or area to be fumigated to develop a Fumigation Management Plan (FMP). The FMP is intended to ensure a safe and effective fumigation. The FMP must address characterization of the structure and/or area, and include appropriate monitoring and notification requirements, consistent with, but not limited to, the following:

DEGESCH America, Inc. 17 1. Inspect the structure and/or area to determine its suitability for fumigation. DEGESCH America, Inc.

18 2. When sealing is required, consult previous records for any changes to the structure, seal leaks and monitor any occupied adjacent buildings to ensure safety.

DEGESCH America, Inc. 19 3. Prior to each fumigation, review any existing FMP, MSDS, Applicators Manual and other relevant safety procedures with company officials and appropriate employees. DEGESCH America, Inc.

20 4. Consult company officials in the development of procedures and appropriate safety measures for nearby workers that will be in and around the area during application and aeration. DEGESCH America, Inc.

21 5. Consult with company officials to develop an appropriate monitoring plan that will confirm that nearby workers and bystanders are not exposed to levels above the allowed limits during application, fumigation and aeration. This plan must also demonstrate that nearby residents will not be exposed to concentrations above the allowable limits.

DEGESCH America, Inc. 22 6. Consult with company officials to develop procedures for local authorities to notify nearby residents in the event of an emergency. DEGESCH America, Inc. 23

7. Confirm the placement of placards to secure entrance into any structure under fumigation. DEGESCH America, Inc. 24 8.

Confirm the required safety equipment is in place and the necessary manpower is available to complete a safe and effective fumigation. DEGESCH America, Inc. 25 9. Written notification must be provided to the receiver of a vehicle that is fumigated in transit.

DEGESCH America, Inc. 26 Railcar Aeration DEGESCH America, Inc. 27

12. TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR RECEIPT OF INTRANSIT VEHICLES UNDER FUMIGATION. The trained person(s) must be trained by a Certified Applicator following the EPA accepted product applicators manual that must precede or be attached to the outside of a transport vehicle; or by other training which is accepted by local and or state authorities. When training has been completed and the employee demonstrates safety knowledge proficiency, the training date must be logged and maintained in the employees safety training record for a minimum of three years. Refresher training must be done on an annual basis. DEGESCH America, Inc.

28 This training must cover the following items, each of which may be found in this manual: How to aerate the vehicle and verify that it contains no more than 0.3ppm phosphine DEGESCH America, Inc.

29 OR DEGESCH America, Inc. 30

How to transfer the commodity to another storage area without prior aeration and ensure that worker safety limits are not being exceeded during the transfer. How to determine when respiratory protection must be worn. How to protect workers and nearby persons from exposure to levels above the 8 hour time weighted average (TWA) of 0.3 ppm or the 15 minute TWA short term exposure limit (STEL) of 1.0 ppm phosphine. Proper removal of placards from the vehicle.

How to follow proper residual disposal instruction. DEGESCH America, Inc. 31 BURROW FUMIGATION The new label is more forceful about the fact that Phostoxin must not be applied within 15 feet (5 meters) of a building that is, or

may be, occupied by humans and/or animals and the fact that no burrow openings may be present beneath buildings. DEGESCH America, Inc. 32 RESPIRATORY PROTECTION Old Label: Fumigant applicators 8 Hour TWA 0.3 15ppm

15 Minute STEL 1.0 ppm All others 0.3 ppm ceiling New label: All workers 8 Hour TWA 0.3 15ppm 15 Minute STEL 1.0 ppm Ceiling provision removed NIOSH/MSHA approved

full face gas mask DEGESCH America, Inc. 33 0-0.3ppm No Respiratory Protection Required DEGESCH America, Inc. 34

0.3-15ppm = Full face canister mask DEGESCH America, Inc. 35 Above 15ppm or unknown concentration =SCBA DEGESCH America, Inc. 36 THE END DEGESCH America, Inc.

37

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