Unit 2: Aboriginal Spirituality - Mrs. Fanfara's Classes
Unit 2: Aboriginal Spirituality Introduction: Origins, Groups in Canada, Beliefs, Creation Stories Origins No single founder Ancient/beyond records Two theories of Aboriginal origin/history in the Americas:
1. They came out of this ground, meaning they were here before any record. 2. They migrated from Asia to North and South America by crossing a land bridge over the Bering Strait (between Alaska and Russia) 35,000 years ago. Origins Origins
Archaeologists have found Aboriginal artifacts dating back beyond 10,000 years Examples: Wampum (beaded belts), animals paintings on rocks, bones representing burial rites, and wooden carvings. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULyRPpYHxdo Aboriginal Spirituality Around the World Huge diversity of Aboriginal spirituality.
Indigenous peoples live in every area of the globe. 80% of worlds 300 million Aboriginal peoples live in Asia. 13% in North and South America. World Distribution of Indigenous People Asia 80% S. America 7% N. America 6%
Africa 4% Australia/Oceania 3% Europe 0.1% Aboriginal Cultural Groups in Canada Canadas Aboriginal population
just passed 1 million!! (2013 data) Canada has 6 distinct cultural
groups Cultural Groups in Canada Arctic: Inuit Snow, ice, seals, walrus, whales, caribou, harpoons, dog sleds, igloo, clothing from animal hides and fur, waterproof boots with seal skin, seal oil for heating and cooking, coats from polar bear fur, stone carvings
Subarctic: Cree, Ojibwa Thick forests, mountains, elders storytelling Northwest Coast: Haida Totem poles, yarn out of cedar bark, harpooned whale, trapped salmon, dugout canoes, annual prayers for salmon swimming upriver
Plateau: Salish Foothills of Rocky mountains, log huts and pit houses in the ground Plains: Blackfoot, Plains Cree, Sioux Bison used for everything - food, tipis, clothing, containers, tools, etc.
Northeast Woodlands: Iroquois, Algonquin, Mikmaq, Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca rich soil for excellent farming - corn, tobacco, squash, beans. Longhouses, dome-shaped homes, bear, deer, moose, deerskin for clothing, moccasins from buffalo
Beliefs - Animism Aboriginal spirituality and beliefs are a cultural extension of survival interaction with their physical environment. Everything in the world is alive. All living things reside in close connection and harmony with one another and move in cycles. Aboriginal peoples recognize the powers around them: in the
heavens, in human ghosts and spirits, in animals and plants, and in the weather. Animism: all things, human and non-human, have spirits or souls, and that person or animal lives on after death through the presence of that spirit. Beliefs - Animism Most Aboriginal peoples believe in a supreme
Creator. Other spirits have power to guide human activity. Inuit call the sea Sea Woman. Iroquois call the sky Sky Woman. Algonquin call the sky Grandfather. Beliefs - Animism Aboriginal spirituality turns to many spirits because Aboriginal people believe
they have more than one specific need in nature/life. Example: A fisher strives to be on good terms with the spirit of the sea. A farmer strives to please the spirit of the rain or sun. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TkV-of_eN2w
Beliefs - Animism Black Elk, Sioux holy man from Great Plains said, We know that we all are related and are one with all things of the heavens and the earthMay we be continually aware of this relationship which
exists between the fourleggeds, the two-leggeds, and the wingeds Beliefs Death/Afterlife In general, Aboriginal religions have no precise belief about life after death. Some believe in reincarnation as a human or animal after death Others believe humans return as ghosts,
or go to another world Others believe that nothing definite can be known about ones fast after life Combinations of beliefs are common Beliefs Death/Afterlife Example: Sioux of Great Plains believe that four souls depart from a person at death.
One of them journeys along the spirit path, and is judged by an old woman. She determines whether the spirit should carry on to reconnect with ancestors or return to Earth as a ghost. Other souls enter fetuses and are reborn into new bodies. Beliefs Death/Afterlife
Example: Northeast Woodlands, Iroquois believe that souls/spirits can enter man-made objects like fishing nets or spears. Inuit pay homage to the souls of killed animals by facing the animal in the direction from which it came so that its soul can return. Upon killing a seal they give it a drink of water so that the spirit can re-enter the sea. Every year, they collect all the seal
bladders caught previous year and throw them back in the sea, so that the seals can reproduce. Other groups believe the souls inhabit stars of the Milky Way. Beliefs Totem Poles Links Aboriginal peoples to their ancestors.
Represent their animal/spirit guide Protective entities plant, animal, or mythological being of a clan or individual. Totem poles can tell stories or represent a clan or tribe. http://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=JHGNnBqDCZc Beliefs Creation Stories Beliefs and creation stories passed down through storytelling. Traditional Aboriginal storytellers earned the right to be a storyteller. Usually Elders. They are important in teaching and in preserving the history of the group.
Beliefs - Creation Stories Each Native American group has its own Creation story to explain that groups origins, which grew out of their experiences. Stories reflect their beliefs in the interrelationship of people, animals, and the natural environment. Offers a response to questions of existence:
Where do we come from? Why certain things in the environment are the way they are? Where we go when we die? Creation Story Northeast Woodlands The creation story of the Northeast Woodlands is the Turtle Island story. They believe that after a great flood, water covered the Earth. Several water animals and birds tried to
bring some mud to the surface of the water. Eventually the muskrat succeeded. Sky Woman (the sky) then spread the mud on the back of a turtle and created North America, or Turtle Island. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cX4GJTtSigY Creation Story Northwest Coast Their creation story is the story of the Raven. Where the Raven coaxes the original people out of a clamshell onto the land.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJ1khnqqhVM Creation Stories Group work Assignment BUT FIRST, complete map!!!
Provides funding support for target hardening activities to nonprofit organizations (as described under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code) that are at high-risk of international terrorist attack
It's an old institution—started nearly 160 years ago—that has stood the test of time. PAMED's current legislative and regulatory strategic priorities and our advocacy goals are approved during this meeting. The Board of Trustees carries out these goals throughout the...
Experiment A procedure to test the hypothesis. Remember: To be a Valid Experiment: Two groups are required --- the control & experimental groups There should be only one variable Experiment Variable - factor in the experiment that is being tested...
Trio A System for Integrated Management of Data, Accuracy, and Lineage Jennifer Widom Stanford University Basic Premise Traditional Database Management Systems (DBMS's) are too rigid for some applications Every data item is either in the database or it isn't Its...
The complexity of the keys for some tables is horrendous…Another thing I hate about this method is putting business information into the PK. This leads to the business changing either the contents of, or the definition of, a key column....
Today, we'll look at examples of sexual tension across the genres in excerpts from novels and clips from movies to define exactly what sexual tension is and why it's a necessary tool in the writer's arsenal. We'll also participate in...
MATCH 301Class of 2020December 4, 2018 Dr. Susan BrewerAssociate Dean of Student Affairs and Admissions. Welcome to the orientation for 4th year. Welcome those watching from Chattanooga and Knoxville. Hope that all goes well with the M3 year thus far
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!