Understanding ASEAN and ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms

Understanding ASEAN and ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms

PANEL 4 Panel 4: Cooperation in relation to specific groups in focus (Persons with Disabilities) International Workshop on Enhancing Cooperation between United Nations and Regional Human Rights Mechanisms 5 October 2016, Geneva, Palais des Nations Dr. Seree Nonthasoot Representative of Thailand to the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights Ratification to Core Human Rights Treaties Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 2 Mainstreaming Disability Rights:

Issues ASEAN as duty bearer to persons with disabilities (along side Member States that have primary responsibilities for the promotion and protection of their rights) ASEAN enters the historic phase of becoming a fully fledged Community in 2016 but the compartmentalization or pillarization of its structure and organ has rendered challenging mainstreaming of human rights principles, including disability rights Statistics (Right to be recognized as a person). Significant discrepancy; ESCAP/WHO est 10 percent of population with disabilities. Some ASEAN Member States report less than 0.1%. Some do not have statistical system available to give account of their identity. Models of promotion and protection: from charity & social welfare model to human rights-based approach Impairment or disabilities still viewed as burden or stigma, leading to prejudices and exclusion Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 3 Framework for Disability Rights in ASEAN

Bali Declaration on The Enhancement of The Role and Participation of The Persons with Disabilities in ASEAN Community declaring the ASEAN Decade for Persons with Disabilities 2011-2020 ASEAN Declaration on Strengthening Social Protection 2014 seeking to create social inclusion for persons with disabilities Since April 2016, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has become the third human rights convention that is ratified by all ten ASEAN Member States (after CRC and CEDAW; 2016 also the 10th Anniversary of the CRPD) Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 4 AICHR & Disability Rights Three Regional Dialogues on the Mainstreaming of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, designed as a cross-cutting forum on disabilities and engaging multistakeholders including ASEAN bodies, UN bodies, DPOs 1st Dialogue (2015) on general framework of promotion & protection, political rights 2nd Dialogue (2016) on health, education and employment 3rd Dialogue (2017) on universal design & Role of ICT, access to justice and participation in decision-making

AICHR Training on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (11-14 October in Bangkok, Thailand) Appointment of Task Force on the Mainstreaming of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, with a mandate to develop a Regional Action Plan on the Mainstreaming of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by 2017 (50th Anniversary of ASEAN) Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 5 Mainstreaming Disability Rights: Principles ASEAN Charter ASEAN Human Rights Declaration 2012 ASEAN Vision 2025: Forging Ahead Together Bali Declaration Incheon strategy to 'make the right real' for persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Sustainable Development Goals

Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 6 ASEAN Structure List of Selected ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies (Source: ASEAN Charter) ASEAN Political-Security ASEAN Economic Community ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Community ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting ASEAN Economic Ministers ASEAN Ministers Responsible for ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Meeting Information (AMRI) Senior Economic Officials Senior Officials Meeting ASEAN Law Ministers Meeting ASEAN Senior Law Officials Meeting (SEOM) Responsible for Information

Meeting (ASLOM) ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) (SOMRI) ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Council ASEAN Ministers Responsible for Transnational Crime ASEAN Investment Area (AIA) Culture and Arts (AMCA) Senior Official Meeting on Council ASEAN Education Ministers Transnational Crime (SOMTC) ASEAN Ministers Meetings on Meeting (ASED) Directors-General of Immigration Agriculture and Forestry (AMAF) Senior Officials Meeting on Departments and Heads of ASEAN Ministers on Energy Education (SOM-ED) Consular Affairs Divisions of Meeting (AMEM)

ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Ministries of Foreign Affairs ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Disaster Management Meeting (DGICM) Science and Technology (AMMST) ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment (AMME) Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 7 ASEAN Structure List of Selected ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies (Source: ASEAN Charter) ASEAN Political-Security ASEAN Economic Community ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Community ASEAN Telecommunications and ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the

Information Technology Ministers Environment (AMME) ASEAN Senior Officials on the Meeting (TELMIN) Telecommunications and Environment (ASOEN) Information Technology Senior ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting Officials Meeting (TELSOM) (AHMM) ASEAN Transport Ministers Meeting Senior Officials Meeting on Health (ATM) Development (SOMHD) Senior Transport Officials Meeting ASEAN Labour Ministers Meeting (STOM) (ALMM) Senior Labour Officials Meeting Meeting of the ASEAN Tourism Ministers (M-ATM) (SLOM) Meeting of the ASEAN National

ASEAN Ministers on Rural Tourism Organisations (ASEAN Development and Poverty Eradication NTOs) (AMRDPE) Senior Official Meeting on Rural Development and Poverty Eradication (SOMRDPE) Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 8 ASEAN Structure List of Selected ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies (Source: ASEAN Charter) ASEAN Political-Security ASEAN Economic Community ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Community ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Social Welfare and Development (AMMSWD)

Senior Officials Meeting on Social Welfare and Development (SOMSWD) ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Youth (AMMY) Senior Officials Meeting on Youth (SOMY) ASEAN Conference on Civil Service Matters (ACCSM) ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre) ASEAN University Network (AUN) Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 9 ASEAN Vision 2025 Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand

10 Possible Actions/ Measures for RAP Data collection/ disaggregation statistical unit for disabilities Dedicated unit for policy coordination/monitoring & evaluation establishment of an ASEAN Commission on Persons with Disabilities (ACPD) or an ASEAN Special Rapporteur on Disabilities (ASRD) Mainstreaming SDGs creation of ASEAN indicators integrating SDGs to ASEAN policy-making and implementation Encouraging ratification of optional protocol reiterating commitment by ASEAN Leaders Cooperating with stakeholders from other regions/UN bodies Council of Europes example of mainstreaming with the adoption of Disability Action Plan (20172023)/ regularization of OHCHR & CRPD Committee interface with ASEAN bodies Dr. Seree Nonthasoot, AICHR Thailand 11

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