Traffic Control EMU CERT When to use it Vehicle Incidents Temporary Road Closures Flooding Fire Storm Damage Special Events
Detours U.S. Highway Crashes Leading cause of death for people age 3 through 33 in the US. About 33,963 deaths per year About 93 deaths per day About 1 death every 15 minutes 2009 Traffic Safety facts Who is at risk
Responders Public motoring public in traffic backlogs/ detours Other road users Victims of the crash/incident 1 lane of closure for 20 minutes = $10,000 in lost revenue Uniform
Safety Green Reflective Vest Closed Toe Shoes Whistle Flashlight with Wand at night Uniform
Pedestrian in Dark Clothes at Night Uniform Garment Classes Three classes of high-visibility safety apparel. Garments that cover the torso, such as safety vests, are intended to meet Class 1 or Class 2 requirements. Class 3 covers full body
Class 1 Garments Intended for use in activities that permit the wearers full and undivided attention to approaching traffic. There should be ample separation of the worker from traffic, which should be traveling no faster than 25 miles per hour. Parking lot attendants; People
retrieving shopping carts from parking lots Class 2 Garments Intended for use in activities where greater visibility is necessary during inclement weather conditions or in work environments with risks that exceed those for Class 1 or perform tasks that divert their
attention from approaching traffic, or that put them in close proximity to passing vehicles traveling faster than 25 mph. Class 3 Garments The highest level of visibility in the ANSI standard, and are intended for workers who face serious hazards and often have high task loads that require attention away
from their work. Garments for these workers should provide enhanced visibility to more of the body, such as the arms and legs. Uniform Which one is brighter, again in daylight Uniform Responder in NFPA
Compliant Turnout Responder in NFPA Gear Responder in Navy Compliant Turnout Blue Duty Uniform Gear and ANSI Class 3 vest Driver Expectancy Stopping Sight Distance
The distance traveled from the time a driver first detects the need to stop until the vehicle actually stops. Two Components Perception/Reaction Distance Braking/Skidding Distance Perception/Reaction Distance Distance travelled by a vehicle from
the instant a driver sees an object to the instant the brakes are applied. Whats the Typical Drivers Perception/ Reaction Time? 0.5 seconds 1.0 seconds 1.5 seconds 2.0 seconds As much
as 2.5 2.5 seconds seconds 4.0 seconds Be prepared for drivers who dont stop Perception/Reaction Time At 60 mph, how far will a car travel during perception/reaction time?
60 mph = 88 feet/second In 2.5 seconds, Distance = 220 feet A vehicle will travel the following distances in 2.5 seconds Mph Feet
10 37 20 74 30 110
40 147 50 184 60
202 65 239 75 276 Almost the
length of a football field! Braking Distance Distance traveled by a vehicle from the instant the brakes lock up until the vehicle stops. A vehicle will skid the following distances
Mph Feet 10 20 30 40 50 60 75
7 38 86 154 240 346 540 Distances are for wet weather conditions.
Perception + Braking = Mph Feet 10 20 30 40 50 60
75 45 115 200 305 425 570 820 Almost 3
times the length of a football field! At night How far can you see headlights? 100 feet 200 feet 1000 feet mile
1 mile 5 miles 10 miles At night How far away can you see headlights? 100 feet 200 feet 1000 feet mile 1 mile
5 miles 10 miles 300 feet with high beams Using low beams Flagger Fundamentals Primary function is to provide
safety for incident response personnel, motorists and pedestrians traveling through area. Flaggers are responsible for life safety. Flaggers must stop traffic intermittently and maintain flow at reduced speeds. Flagger Fundamentals
Flagger must be CLEARLY seen by: Standing out from the background Standing at a distance sufficient to permit driver response and speed reduction time Flagger Position Primary concern of your safety! Visible In advance of incident area or at
intersection Away from roadway obstructions uncluttered. Flagger Position Use shoulder adjacent to traffic. In intersection, stand in center of intersection only if accompanied by professional. Have escape route
Stand alone (unless working in tandem) Face oncoming traffic Watch for turns Above all, be seen and be safe! Hands, Tools and Gear In traffic control you may use: Hand signals Whistles Voice commands
Flashlights, flares Cones, barricades Or even a vehicle Hand Signals Art of the Hand Signal Make eye contact with the driver Give only one direction at a time Hand Signals STOP
Point arm and finger extended look straight driver Hold until driver sees Raise pointing hand so palm is toward driver Hold this position until driver stops Hand Signals STOP two directions Stop traffic coming form one direction first
Hold hand in stop position, turn to other side repeat Dont lower either arm until both lanes have stopped Hand Signals START Place yourself so one side is toward traffic to be started: Point with arm and finger toward first car
With palm up, swing hand up and over chin, bending arm at elbow After traffic starts from one side, turn to other side and repeat Hand Signals KEEP MOVING Continue using same hand signal for slow or timid Hand Signals Turns
Stop traffic in lanes car is to cross Left Turn: Give stop signal with right arm to stop traffic in lane being crossed Hold stop signal with right arm and give turning gesture with left arm Right Turn: Turn around to face in direction car is to go Halt traffic with right arm and give
turning gesture with left arm Hand Signals In a intersection with only one lane in each direction: Left turners can block traffic While driver is waiting, signal driver into middle of intersection Point at driver, motion to move forward and point to place where you want them to stop
Permit left turn when safe The Whistle Who keeps a whistle in their CERT Gear? The Whistle Whistle use: One long blast with stop command Two short blast with the start command
Several shot blasts to get the attention of a driver A short, intermittent, blast to keep the traffic moving Voice Commands Seldom heard in traffic Hand signals and whistles are most efficient Shouted orders may antagonize a driver
When a driver or pedestrian dont understand a command, move closer to them and explain Flashlights Flashlights can be used to direct traffic at night Flashlights with colored extensions work for evening, foggy or rainy weather
Flashlights Direct Traffic Halt Traffic Dont stand directly in front of approaching vehicle Swing the flashlight at arms length across the
path of the approaching vehicle Allow flashlight beam to wash across the pavement as an elongated moving spot Once traffic has stopped, step in front of car and guide next lane of traffic
Avoid blinding the driver with flashlight beam Use a traffic cone to enhance safety Flares Flares can be used to warn oncoming traffic in situations where hazards are: On shoulder or side of road
In a traffic lane Night or day Flares DO NOT USE: Around flammable liquids or solids In a hazardous environmental areas such as dry grasses Do not lay against traffic dots or on top of painted lane markings
Thank you! Sgt. David Willat, Sonoma Community College CERT University of Kentucky, Kentucky Transportation Center
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