Organizing and Writing the Literature Review Dr. Karen Bowser, D.Ed., Dr. Berta Capo, Ed.D., Joana Fernandez, M.L.I.S. Purpose of Literature Review Provide theoretical framework Provide a deep understanding of the needs of your intended audience
Provide a deep understanding for your prospective audience Provide a background for all aspects of your topic Serve as a source for comparing the results of your own study in Chapter 5 Exhaustive Literature Review Must be at least 30 pages in length Must contain required topics from the appropriate FCE template Must contain theoretical framework Must provide details about all aspects of your topic
Must be organized by topicnot source Exhausting the lit review Related Concepts Best Practices to Support or Develop Key Concept
Theoretical Framework --Key Concept or Idea Exploration of Key Audience
Deep Dives Into Parts of Key Concept Topic of Interest Begin by pulling current research from peer reviewed journal articles (last 5 years). Rummage through their references as well and look
for journals, reports, conference proceedings. Look for theoretical frameworks. Utilize the Library Databases! Learn to use the databases effectively! Look at the number of times an article has been cited. See who has cited the articles
and seek out the source. Become the Expert! Read, Read, Read and take notes! Make sure that your notes clearly label what you have paraphrased. In your notes, document the citation and page number of any quotes!
You cannot do research in your field without a strong understanding of current research in your field! Ideas That Work to Help You Organize Your Literature Review Start by setting regular doctor appointments Can work by time or topic Before session ends, write yourself a short note as to where you will begin at your next doctors appointment
Themes Create an outline (Extremely Important)! ! !! e! in tl
Avoid bias!!!!!! u O Begin to group your research by common themes or subtopics. Tools That Work to Help You
Organize Your Literature Review Outline topics using a computer or paper Brainstorm topics and then cut and paste them to reorder so they flow logically If some areas are subordinate to another topic, indent that topic under the main topic Tools That Work to Help You Organize Your Literature Review Use post-it notes Write one aspect of reviewed literature per note
Select a blank wall Group like topics together Check visual balance Organize one column of notes into a logical order. Continue. Organize sorted columns on logical order Tools That Work to Help You Organize Your Literature Review Start with required topics from the FCE template for Chapter 2 Theoretical perspective Historical context
Clear discussion of how further research should extend, differ from, or replicate past studies Indication of shortcomings that should be avoided in the design of prior research Critique of the research studies Summary of findings Research questions The Literature Review Outline The outline should evolve to become your literature review headings.
Your dissertation chair should be able to review and picture the flow of your completed literature review. Topic, Problem, and Purpose Continue to tweak your topic, problem, and purpose. Remember, your literature review, when completed, should provide you with a
clear picture of what you will do and how you will do it. The Literature Review Helps you find gaps what is not known Helps you analyze the different methodologies used Helps you critically analyze how the topic has been
explored Elements of a Literature Review Topical research describes the what. Theoretical framework describes the why and how. Conceptual Framework Helps you make an argument for and defend all of your choices as well as select and defend the
theoretical framework you will apply. Major Purposes 1. Situates your own work within the current research literature 2. Provides a sound basis from which to build from (research is cumulative). 3. Identify areas of new research need 4. To inform your research design and your methodology
The Literature Review it should be apparent that we view the whole study as an argument, and much of it is an outgrowth of the process of reviewing the literature (Ravitch & Riggan, 2012, p. 26). Literature Review Flaws Too much emphasis on what is known and where the gaps are located. Too little synthesis (compare, contrast, summarize).
Must do more. Synthesis allows new possibilities to develop. Too little emphasis on design and methodology. Literature review is a process not just a product. How do you know when You Are Finished? Only when you have a complete conceptual framework! A complete picture and
argument for what you will do. Work Smarter, Not Harder No matter how you organized your topic (outline or post-it notes), write your second- and third-level headings into your template/draft Make sure all of your headings are in parallel construction Check order of topics by reading through your headings Reorder as necessary Now, you can use your headings to write your lit review in any order you choose.
Now It Is Your Turn Take the next X minutes to start the process while you have dissertation experts in the room who can help you. Take some post-it notes or start writing an outline on your computer. Organize your topics Start writing your second and third-level headings if you have time. Reference
Ravitsh, S. M., & Riggan, M. (2012). Reason and rigor: How conceptual frameworks guide research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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