The U.S. Lacey Act: Overview and Recent Developments

The U.S. Lacey Act: Overview and Recent Developments

The U.S. Lacey Act: Overview and Recent Developments Caitlin Clarke World Resources Institute Washington, DC Outcomes of Presentation Review of the Lacey Act What Lacey means for trade The Forest Legality Alliance

The Lacey Act Amendments of 2008 Fact-based, demand-side policy No trade in illegally sourced forest products No entry without declaration form No false claims Source: Food, Conservation and Energy Act of 2008, Section 8204. Prevention of Illegal Logging Practices. 16 U.S.C. 3372 (a).

Representative John F. Lacey (R-IA) Important Lacey Act facts The import ban on illegal goods is effective now and for all products. Phase-in schedule concerns only the declaration requirement. There are no documents or processes that can be used as get-out-of-jail free cards. Only actual legality counts. The entire supply chain is at risk for prosecution, not just importers.

Two necessary components of a Lacey Act violation 1. An underlying violation of a state, foreign, or tribal law that protects or manages plants and/or derivative products occurs. 2. The tainted good obtained through violation of such a law is traded in the United States. The Lacey Act regulates trade, not logging. Declaration requirement Requires scientific species name,

country of harvest, volume, and value Does not require information on legality or chain of custody Does not establish standards or require verification by government or a third party Outcomes of Presentation Review of the Lacey Act What Lacey means for trade

The Forest Legality Alliance Public enforcement actions to date Gibson Guitar Corp., famed U.S. musical instruments manufacturer Raided Nov. 2009 as part of an investigation into the use of illegally logged wood from Madagascar Major shock to U.S. wood products industry Investigation ongoing; current developments not yet public

U.S. Dept. of the Interior v. Three Pallets of Tropical Hardwood, a small business case in which the U.S. seized a shipment of imported hardwoods from Peru Found that importer did not do all he could within his power to comply with regulations and ensure that the shipment was authorized in essence, a failure of due care U.S. private sector response to Lacey The Lacey Act has reshaped the U.S. wood products industry and exporters business practices The industry generally supports the intent of the Act but has concerns about its implementation Awareness of the Lacey Act is high, and has been moving up

the supply chain from importers to retailers of forest products Concerns about complying with the Lacey Act focus on understanding due care, rather than on completing new paperwork Perspectives from the trade Three years ago, only a few companies were concerned about [illegal logging]. And now, everyone who is serious about exporting to the U.S. or the EU is. Intermediary

Our association wants to avoid illegal logging and market our products in the U.S., and for us, working with the Lacey Act is not a problem. Exporter I would want to know the list of questions I need to ask back through the supply chain so that I can sleep at night and know that I am fine.

Intermediary The risk assessment tools, and a definition of what due care looks like, that is needed, and that would make things easier. Importer/Retailer New technologies for tracking supply chains

Enhanced timber barcode tracking DNA analysis, mapping and tracking Satellite analysis of land cover change Trade databases Fiber analysis

Isotopic analysis, mapping and tracking Lacey and EU Timber Regulation Laws differ in approach In EU, first placer liable for legality of wood products; under U.S. Lacey Act, entire supply chain may be sanctioned As exporters, know that both systems require legality only Buyers may require additional assurances, but no thirdparty schemes are recognized by U.S. government as proof of legal origin

Outcomes of Presentation Review of the Lacey Act Current developments What Lacey means for trade The Forest Legality Alliance The Forest Legality Alliance: Context Information gaps on demand and supply sides Move from voluntary to mandatory: the need to mainstream legality, risk considerations Assist both U.S.-based and overseas forest products industries

and stakeholders in adapting to legislation Access to ALL information is key Need for targeted U.S.-based information for legality Not an official U.S. government voice The Forest Legality Alliance Background and goals Activities

A clearinghouse for disseminating information and resources

Legality-only focused No auditing, certification or verification of membership A creator of appropriate tools to fill risk assessment and policy knowledge gaps A platform for consensus and collaboration

Build awareness of forest legality issues and support supply chain efforts to deliver legal wood and paper products Develop tools to help all parts of supply chains Conduct feasibility demonstration studies Membership

Nine major companies and associations in Industry Advisory Group General membership open to companies, associations, NGOs, technical service providers, certain government entities, other stakeholders Provide guidance on tools Access to policymakers in U.S. government, peers in industry

Tools Information to markets Global focus The Forest Legality Alliance www.forestlegality.org Thank You Caitlin Clarke [email protected] This presentation is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of the Forest Legality Alliance and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • General Chemistry I - جامعة نزوى

    General Chemistry I - جامعة نزوى

    The dx2-y2 and dz2 orbitals can form bonding orbitals with the ligand orbitals, but the dxy, dxz, and dyz orbitals cannot form bonding orbitals. Bonding interactions are possible with the s (weak, but uniformly with all the ligands) and the...
  • PowerPoint Presentation to Accompany Chapter 9 Networks &

    PowerPoint Presentation to Accompany Chapter 9 Networks &

    A client-server network has a least one server at its center. The server provides a way to centralize network management, resources, and security. In a client-server network, users log in to a network and are granted access based on that...
  • High-Level Synchronization

    High-Level Synchronization

    Deadlock can happen Process obtains monitor, but detects a condition for which it needs to wait Want special mechanism to suspend until condition is met, then resume Process that makes condition true must exit monitor Suspended process then resumes This...
  • To Kill a Mockingbird Review

    To Kill a Mockingbird Review

    Plot Summary. To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the deep south in Maycomb County, Alabama, around 1930. The novel starts off with Scout narrating her early life with her brother, Jem, and her friend, Dill.
  • Phonology and Phonological Process in ASL and English

    Phonology and Phonological Process in ASL and English

    Phonology and Phonological Process in ASL and English EDU 707.01 Class 3 -Sept. 10 * * * * * * * * * * * Is there some equivalent to allophonic variation in ASL? Consider the following signs: MY DEAF...
  • Creating Student Learning Outcomes - USNA

    Creating Student Learning Outcomes - USNA

    Charge from ACDEANINST 5400.1A. FSAC facilitates the United States Naval Academy academic assessment process which was, "establish[ed as] a comprehensive program of academic assessment...intended to provide a systematic, cost-effective, and reasonably accurate basis for on-going examination and improvement of the...
  • 36x72 poster template - Dalhousie University

    36x72 poster template - Dalhousie University

    Even when its location is changed, the six-month-old habituates to the grasping of a particular object by an animate arm but not by an inanimate "arm". This effect may be mediated through the firing of pre-motor "mirror neurons".
  • Channel Routing - fabianbombardelli.com

    Channel Routing - fabianbombardelli.com

    This method combines the continuity equation with a very simplified form of the St. Venant equations. Kinematic wave routing assumes that the friction slope is equal to the bed slope. Additionally, the kinematic wave form of the momentum equation assumes...