The French Revolution

The French Revolution

The French Revolution Causes of the French Revolution On a piece of paper respond to the following: 1.Briefly list and describe THREE causes of the French Revolution. (Its okay if you are only guessing) 2.Which cause of the three do you think is the MOST important one? Briefly explain your choice. The Age of Montesquieu (Constitutional

Monarchy) 1789-1792 The Age of Rousseau (The Republic) Natl Assembly: 1789-1791 Natl Convention: 1792-1795 Consulate: 1799-1804

Legislative Assembly: 1791-92 The Directory: 1795-99 Napoleonic Empire: 1804-15 1792-1799 The Age of

Voltaire (Napoleons Empire/ Enlightened Despotism) 1799-1815 18th Century French Society 2 Estate: nobility nd

3rd Estate: (2-4% of 95% of pop; owned population 25% of land Rich merchants, professionals, bourgeoisie, urban artisans, unskilled 1st Estate: clergy (1% of

pop. owned 20% of land The Assembly of Notables I. Louis XVI summons1787 the Assembly of Notables in 1787 to approve the kings new tax program or consent to remove their tax exemptions. a)Nobles refused tax increases and demanded that control over all govt spending be given to the provincial assemblies (that nobles controlled). b)Louis refused. Nobles demanded that sweeping tax changes required approval of the Estates General. c)The king then dismissed the nobles and established

new taxes by decree Towards Calling the EstatesGeneral II. The Parlements, controlled by the nobility, blocked tax increases and new taxes. a) Asserted fundamental laws against which no king could violate such as national consent to taxation and freedom from arbitrary arrest and imprisonment. b) Louis tried to exile judges but protests swept the country and investors refused to advance more loans to the state. Key Terms

1st, 2nd, 3rd Estates 1st Estate is the clergy, 2nd are the nobles, 3rd is everyone else (roughly 97% of the population) Estates-General a traditional decision making body of France roughly like the Parliament in England, but it met VERY infrequently, prior to 1789 its last meeting was 1614 (before that 1302) Cahiers de doerance (or just cahiers) lists of grievances created by participants in the Estates-General Lettres de Cachet Orders directly from the king to silence, imprison, intimidate and shut down opposition. Used to imprison people without charges or a trial for indefinite periods of time Gabelle a tax on salt, the French government had a monopoly on salt trade; smuggling was common, the tax was hated, punishments for violation were harsh

Document Analysis Using the same piece of paper complete the following on your own using the documents. You WILL be SHARING THIS WITH THE CLASS. SUMMARIZE each document in your own words Write a thesis based on your own knowledge and information obtained from the documents based on the following prompt: Was the French Revolution due more to social, political, economic or intellectual causes.

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