The European World The European World c.1500 1500 The fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans (1453) The beginning of the Tudor dynasty in England (1485) Columbus' first voyage to the Americas (1492)
Muslim stronghold of Granada falls to a unified Castile and Aragon (1492) Jews are expelled from Spain (1492) Social structures and economic change Population: Black Death of 1348 Social structures: The household The countryside: Elements
of continuity an economic system based on agriculture serfdom? Higher levels of market involvement Urban economic and social development Guilds Banking
a wider commercial network administrative centres: responsible for schools, hospitals, provision of welfare (looking after abandoned children, orphans, the elderly and the urban poor) Printing presses
Religious and intellectual life Religion has a strong presence in everyday life(baptism/marriag e/last rites) Attendance at church; saints, relics, penance, pilgrimages,
acquiring indulgences The Papacy has faced some challenges: The Great Schism Heretical movements: the Albigensian (Cathar) heresy, Waldensianism, Lollards (followers of John Wyclif in England) and Hussites (followers of Jan Hus)
Erasmian humanism; radical populism of Girolamo Savonarola in Florence Clashes between Church and State Intellectual developments Renaissance humanism humanists look backwards, not forward The medieval legacy? Poggio Bracciolini (1380-1459) - monks and friars contributed nothing to the common good, claiming that Cities are founded on our labours, not by
these lazy scarecrows... those hypocrites and strolling scoundrels who preach... contempt of the world to others. Continuities in law, philosophy and medicine Universities Wider education humanists promote service of public domain (especially in government e.g. Machiavelli, Thomas More Power and authority in Europe: composite monarchies
Power and authority in Europe Importance of ceremony Move towards centralised states but with a stronger element of negotiation Professional administration
Warfare Relatively more efficient tax Map of the world c.1500 Portuguese expansion Under crown control Financed by private ships
Conducted by an international class of merchants Trade more important than political domination They reject Columbus proposal Spanish Expansion in the Americas
Accept Columbus proposal Religious motivations Territorial control Primary motivation is not trade Later on bring in landless knights or shepherds, cattlebreeders etc
Europe c.1500 Peasants: stronger market involvement Towns: wider trading networks Catholic church: alive and present Intellectual developments: printing press, education Politics: move towards centralisation The New World
Hij had er niks mee te maken. Toch werd hij gearresteerd en geslagen en zijn ouders kregen een boete. NasuAbdulaziz(25) en 30 duizend andere mensen uit zijn wijk in de Nigeriaanse stad Lagos raakten hun huis kwijt. De regering liet...
Přímým byť ne bezprostředním důsledkem tohoto omezení je nutnost vzdát se i některých klasických zákonů týkajících se reálných čísel. Willard Van Orman Quine Vopěnkova teorie množin (Nová, dříve Alternativní) Nekonečno zůstalo, i když jeho božský pozorovatel a uskutečňovatel zmizel.
Can work within an established organization (intrapreneur) or set up his/her own business (entrepreneur/social entrepreneur) while keeping in mind client or customer needs. Thinks of new ideas and ways of doing things by drawing connections, comparisons, and combining different sources...
Luke 2:13-16 13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men. 15 And it came to...
Atmos. Sci., 60, 262-278. Xue, H., G. Feingold, and B. Stevens, 2008: Aerosol effects on clouds, precipitation, and the organization of shallow cumulus convection. J. Atmos. ... Times New Roman Helvetica Arial Unicode MS WP Greek Helve Arial Tahoma Symbol...
Topic 7.5 7.5 Proteins 7.5.1 Explain the four levels of protein structure, indicating the significance of each level. 7.5.2 Outline the difference between fibrous and globular proteins, with reference to two examples of each protein type. 7.5.3 Explain the significance...
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