The Cold War and American Society

The Cold War and American Society

The Cold War and American Society CHAPTER 21 3 T H E C O L D WA R H E I G H T E N E D A M E R I C A N S ' F E A R S O F C O M M U N I S T I N F I LT R AT I O N A N D AT O M I C AT T A C K . When did the Red Scare Begin? September 1945. Clerk named Igor Gouzenko carried documents revealing a massive effort by the Soviet Union to infiltrate organizations and government agencies in Canada and the United States.

Specifically they wanted information about the atomic bomb. KGB intelligence Subversion Had spies infiltrated the American government? Loyalty Federal employees were screened. That didnt calm people down!

People might be suspect for: Reading certain books. Belonging to various groups. Traveling oversees. Seeing certain foreign films. No actual evidence against them was uncovered.

HUAC (HOUSE UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES COMMITTEE J. Edgar Hoover Wanted to investigate Communist and Fascist activities in the U.S. Public hearings on Communist subversion. Wiretapped thousands of telephones. FBI Headquarters

Alger Hiss In August 1948 Whittaker Chambers appeared before the House of Un-American Activities Committee and during his testimony claimed that Hiss had been spying for the Soviet Union. In a federal grand jury investigation of the case, Hiss denied Chambers's accusations. However, as a result of this investigation, Hiss was charged with perjury. His first trial in 1949 ended in a hung jury but the following year, a second jury found Hiss guilty and sentenced him to five years imprisonment. Hiss was released from prison in 1954. He spent the rest of his life trying to clear his name

The Rosenbergs We are innocen t! Sold secrets of the atomic bomb? Members of the Party in N.Y.

Communist Did they lead a Soviet spy ring? Condemned to death for espionage. Project Venona Solid evidence of Soviet espionage did exist, but many didnt know it at the time. 1946 Cryptographers cracked the Soviet spy code.

Messages between the Soviet Union and Moscow. Government chose not to make the messages public. 1995 the government revealed its existence. Evidence that the Rosenbergs were guilty. The Red Scare Spreads State and local governments began their own

efforts to find Communists. Universities Businesses Unions Churches Loyalty Oaths

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