The California Institute for Telecommunications and ...

The California Institute for Telecommunications and ...

Remote Telepresence for Exploring Virtual Worlds Foundational Talk Virtual World and Immersive Environments January 26, 2008 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

The NSFnet (Later Expands to Form Todays Internet) Connected the Six NSF Supercomputers at 56kbps! CTC NSFNET 56 Kb/s Backbone (1986-8) NCAR PSC NCSA SDSC

JVNC A Simulation of Telepresence for Exploring Virtual Worlds: Using Analog Communications to Prototype the Digital Future What we really have to do is eliminate distance between individuals who want to interact with other people and with other computers. Larry Smarr, Director, NCSA Illinois

Televisualization: Telepresence Remote Interactive Visual Supercomputing Multi-disciplinary Scientific Visualization Boston Were using satellite technologyto demo what It might be like to have high-speed

fiber-optic links between advanced computers in two different geographic locations. Al Gore, Senator Chair, US Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space SIGGRAPH 1989 ATT & Sun The CAVE Virtual Reality System: Fully Immersive Science and Fantasy Worlds EVL Invents 91

Debuts SIGGRAPH 92 National Access NCSA 93 The CAVE Colliding Galaxies QUAKE II Crayoland CAVE conceived in 1991 by Tom DeFanti and Dan Sandin (EVL co-directors) and implemented by Carolina Cruz-Neira (Ph.D. student)

Kids Building Virtual Cities Supercomputing 95 San Diego First User-Generated Virtual World Coco Conn (producer), Zane Vella (director), Chris Cederwall (programmer), et al. Ported to CAVE SIGGRAPH 94 Networked Over I-Way 95 CitySpace http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cityspace I-WAY 155 Mbps

UIC Caterpillar / NCSA: Distributed Virtual Reality for Global-Scale Collaborative Prototyping Floating Rendered Video Real Time Linked Virtual Reality and Audio-Video Between NCSA, Peoria, Houston, and Germany 1996 www.sv.vt.edu/future/vt-cave/apps/CatDistVR/DVR.html Grid-Enabled Collaborative Analysis of Ecosystem Dynamics Datasets

Chesapeake Bay Data in Collaborative Virtual Environment 1997 Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, Stuart Levy, NCSA Virtual Director Team Glenn Wheless, Old Dominion Univ. Alliance Application Technologies Environmental Hydrology Team Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for Living in the Future

Convergence Laboratory Facilities Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks UC Irvine www.calit2.net Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated

Borderless Collaboration Between Global University Research Centers at 10Gbps Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs iGrid THE GLOBAL LAMBDA INTEGRATED FACILITY 2005 www.igrid2005.org September 26-30, 2005

Calit2 @ University of California, San Diego California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology 100Gb of Bandwidth into the [email protected] Building More than 150Gb GLIF Transoceanic Bandwidth! 450 Attendees, 130 Participating Organizations 20 Countries Driving 49 Demonstrations 1- or 10- Gbps Per Demo First Trans-Pacific Super High Definition Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams 4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD

100 Times the Resolution of YouTube! Streaming 4k with JPEG 2000 Compression gigabit/sec Keio University President Anzai UCSD

Chancellor Fox [email protected] Auditorium Lays Technical Basis for Global Digital Cinema Sony NTT SGI

Interactive VR Streamed Live from Tokyo to Calit2 Over Dedicated GigE and Projected at 4k Resolution Source: Toppan Printing iGrid 2005 Kyoto Nijo Castle The OptIPuter Project: Creating High Resolution Portals

Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) $13.5M Over Five Years Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead CampusesLarry Smarr PI

Univ. Partners: SDSC, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent Picture Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh My OptIPortalTM Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane

20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24 Monitors, ~$50,000 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2 Tiled Displays Allow for Both Global Context and High Levels of Detail 150 MPixel Rover Image on 40 MPixel OptIPuter Visualization Node Display "Source: Spirit Rover Landing Site Panorama, Data from JPL/Mica; Display UCSD NCMIR, David Lee"

Interactively Zooming In Using UICs Electronic Visualization Labs JuxtaView Software "Source: Data from JPL/Mica; Display UCSD NCMIR, David Lee" Highest Resolution Zoom "Source: Data from JPL/Mica; Display UCSD NCMIR, David Lee" Beyond 4k From 8 Megapixels Towards a Billion Pixels HDTV [email protected] Apple Tiled Display Wall Driven by 25 Dual-Processor G5s

50 Apple 30 Cinema Displays Digital Cameras Digital Cinema DataOne Foot Resolution USGS Images of La Jolla, CA Source: Falko Kuester, [email protected] NSF Infrastructure Grant OptIPuter Enables Telepresence Combined with Remote Interactive Analysis

Live Demonstration of 21st Century National-Scale Team Science OptIPuter Visualized Data HDTV Over Lambda SIO/UCSD

August 12, 2005 NASA Goddard The OptIPuter Enabled Collaboratory: Remote Researchers Jointly Exploring Complex Data UCI Falko Kuester, UCSD; Steven Jenks, UCI 2,000 Mbps 80 NVIDIA Quadro FX 5600 GPUs

OptIPuter Connects the [email protected] 200M-Pixel Wall to the 220M-Pixel Display at [email protected] With Shared Fast Deep Storage and High Definition Video UCSD Brain Circuitry Modeling and Visualization In Collaboration with the

Transdisciplinary Imaging Genetics Center (TIGC) at UCI Green Initiative: Can Optical Fiber Replace Airline Travel for Continuing Collaborations ? Source: Maxine Brown, OptIPuter Project Manager

OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally AIST-Japan NCHC-Taiwan Osaka U-Japan KISTI-Korea CNIC-China UZurich

SARA- Netherlands Brno-Czech Republic [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] Launch of the 100 Megapixel OzIPortal Over Qvidium Compressed HD on 1 Gbps CENIC/PW/AARNet Fiber

Using the Link to Build the Link Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams No Calit2 Person Physically Flew to Australia to Bring This Up! UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy Victoria Premier and Australian Deputy Prime Minister Asking Questions University of Melbourne Vice Chancellor Glyn Davis

in Calit2 Replies to Question from Australia Remote Interactive High Definition Video of Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents Canadian-U.S. Collaboration Source John Delaney & Deborah Kelley, UWash e-Science Collaboratory Without Walls Enabled by iHDTV Uncompressed HD Telepresence 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR May 23, 2007

John Delaney, PI LOOKING, Neptune Photo: Harry Ammons, SDSC Creating a Digital Moorea Calit2 Collaboration with UC Gump Station (UCB, UCSB) 3D OptIPortals: Calit2 StarCAVE and Varrier Alpha Tests of Telepresence Holodecks Connected at 20 Gb/s to CENIC, NLR, GLIF 30 HD Projectors! Passive Polarization-Optimized the

Polarization Separation and Minimized Attenuation 15 Meyer Sound Speakers + Subwoofer Source: Tom DeFanti, Greg Dawe, Calit2 Cluster with 30 Nvidia 5600 cards-60 GB Texture Memory The StarCAVE as a Browser for the NASAs Blue Marble Earth Dataset

Source: Tom DeFanti, Jurgen Schulze, Bob Kooima, Calit2/EVL 3D Videophones Are Here! The Personal Varrier Autostereo Display Varrier is a Head-Tracked Autostereo Virtual Reality Display 30 LCD Widescreen Display with 2560x1600 Native Resolution A Photographic Film Barrier Screen Affixed to a Glass Panel

Cameras Track Face with Head Tracker to Locate Eyes The Display Eliminates the Need to Wear Special Glasses Source: Daniel Sandin, Thomas DeFanti, Jinghua Ge, Javier Girado, Robert Kooima, Tom PeterkaEVL, UIC Varrier Barrier Strip Auto-Stereo Quick Review Columns of right and left eye images viewed through slits

R LR LR LR LR LR LR LR L Source: Dan Sandin, EVL/ Calit2 EVL/Calit2s Varrier Developer Dan Sandin Explains How it Works Source: Dan Sandin, EVL/ Calit2 Calit2/EVL Varrier -60 Screen Stereo OptIPortal, no Glasses Needed Mars Rendered at 46,000 x 23,000 pixels Dan Sandin, Greg Dawe, Tom Peterka, Tom DeFanti, Jason Leigh, Jinghua Ge, Javier

Girado, Bob Kooima, Todd Margolis, Lance Long, Alan Verlo, Maxine Brown, Jurgen Schulze, Qian Liu, Ian Kaufman, Bryan Glogowski Exploring Virtual Mars with the Varrier Source: Dan Sandin, EVL/ Calit2 The Mars demo integrates data from 3 sources. The primary data set is a topographical map collected by Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), a sun-synchronous polar orbiting Mars probe launched by NASA/JPL in 1996. The data was collected between 1996 and 2001, though the probe remains functional as a communications relay in Mars orbit to this day. Topographic measurement was performed by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA), giving planetary radius with 1 meter precision at a resolution of 128 pixels per degree, or approximately half a kilometer at the equator.

Topographical data is textured using color imagery composited and color-matched from NASA's Viking Orbiter data collected during the late 70s. The color data has a resolution of approximately 64 pixels per degree. The background starfield is the Hipparcos catalog, a database of 120,000 nearby stars collected by the ESA's HIPPARCOS satellite between 1989 and 1993, rendered as correctly scaled and colored points. The total size of the topographical data set is 46080 by 22528 pixels. At 16-bit precision it consumes 2GB of storage. When rendered using OpenGL, a position, normal, and texture coordinate must be computed per pixel. This expands the data set out to over 30GB, much too large to be rendered efficiently. A topo data caching mechanism was designed to enable real-time display on the Varrier. To begin, the raw topo data set is mipmapped using a linear filter, giving a pyramid of data sets of decreasing resolutions. For each rendered frame, a level-of-detail algorithm recursively subdivides the surface of Mars into square areas, determines which of these areas are visible, and computes the minimum resolution for the optimal display of each. For each visible area, a 45-by-45 vertex geometry page is generated from the raw mipmap level that mostclosely matches the optimal resolution of that area. These 45-by-45 vertex pages are streamed directly to the video RAM of the graphics board, and stored there under a least-recently-used caching policy. The smooth

motion of the viewpoint provides a locality of reference that ensures efficient use of this VRAM geometry cache. This mechanism cycles approximately 40 times per second, with each of the 33 nodes of the 65-panel Varrier maintaining a separate parallel cache representing its own subset of the total view.

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