The 6 Kingdoms of Life - Mrs Genao ~ Science

The 6 Kingdoms of Life - Mrs Genao ~ Science

Classification of Life Kingdoms and Domains Why classify? To study the diversity of life, biologists use a classification system to name organisms and group them in a logical manner.

Words to Remember: Taxonomy is the branch of biology that organizes living things based on shared characteristics and evolutionary history A domain is the largest group into which life is organized. There are 3 domains: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. A prokaryote is an organism whose cells do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotes are organism with cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane.

Levels of Classification (Taxon/Taxa) Kingdom Continent Phylum Country Class

State Order County Family City

Genus Street species House # KINGDOM Animalia

PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Carnivora FAMILY Ursidae GENUS Ursus SPECIES Ursus arctos King

Phillip Came Over For Good Spaghetti Binomial A two name naming system that Nomenclature

was developed by a Swedish scientist named Linnaeus Carolus Example: Tyranosaurous rex

The Genus name is CAPITALIZED, followed by the Species name in lower case. Both names are Underlined or put in Examples of Scientific Names Wolf: Canis lupus Cat: Felis catus CHicken: Gallus gallus

Human: Homo sapiens Emperor penguin: Aptenodytes forsteri Apple: Malus domestica Sunflower: Helianthus annuus Carrot: Daucus carota Examples of Scientific Names Wolf: Canis lupus Cat: Felis catus CHicken: Gallus gallus

Human: Homo sapiens Emperor penguin: Aptenodytes forsteri Apple: Malus domestica Sunflower: Helianthus annuus Carrot: Daucus carota The 3-Domain System Domain: is a more inclusive category than any other larger than a kingdom.

The Three Domain System Domain: is a more inclusive category than any other larger than a kingdom. Three Domains: Eukarya: composed of protists, fungi, plants, and animals. Bacteria: corresponds to eubacteria Archaea: corresponds to the kingdom archaebacteria. Domain Bacteria

Unicellular and prokaryotic. Thick rigid cell walls that surround a cell membrane. Cell walls contain a substance known as peptidoglycan. Domain Archaea

Unicellular and prokaryotic members that live in some extreme environments volcanic hot springs, brine pools, and black organic mud totally devoid of oxygen. Cell walls lack peptidoglycan and cell membranes contain unusual lipids. Domain Eukarya

Consists of all organisms that have a nucleus. Organized in the following kingdoms: Protists, animals, plants, and fungi. (this will take up pages 5 -6) Go to page 459 and copy the

entire table. Binomial Nomenclature A two name naming system that was developed by a Swedish scientist named Carolus

Pictures go in the bottom Kingdom ARCHAEBACTERIA Cell Type:_____________ Cell Structures:________________ Number of Cells:________________ Mode of Nutrition:____________________ Examples:_______________________

Kingdom EUBACTERIA Cell Type:_____________ Cell Structures:________________ Number of Cells:________________ Mode of Nutrition:____________________ Examples:_______________________ The 6 Kingdoms Page 7

Kingdom Eubacteria = peptidoglycan present in cell walls = lives almost anywhere The 3 shapes of bacteria (p.473) Cocci = Bacilli = Spirilla =

Page 8 Kingdom Archaebacteria - No peptidoglycan - Loves extreme environments (hot springs, brine pools, mud, etc) Bacterial Growth and Reproduction (p475) 1.Binary Fission (Define & Draw for all 3)

2.Spore Formation 3.Conjugation Page 9 Kingdom Fungi Define these words: 1.Chitin (p527) 2.Saprobes (p537)

3.Lichens (p540) 4.Mycorrhizae (p541) Draw 3 Fungi from p535 p10 Kingdom PLANT-LIKE PROTISTS Protista

Protists = p497 ANIMAL-LIKE PROTISTS Draw: Zooflagellates (499) Sarcodina (p500) Ciliates (p501) Radiolarian (p497) Euglena (p507) Diatoms (507)

Dinoflagellates (p508) Red Algae (p510) Brown Algae (p511) Chlamydomonas (513) List 3 Human uses of algae: (p. 515)

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