TeX and LaTeX

TeX and LaTeX

TeX LaTeX TEX TeX Donald E. Knuth*. . http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/ * Donald E. Knuth. The TeXbook, Volume A of Computers and Typesetting,

Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1984, ISBN 0-201-13448-9. L A T EX LaTeX . LaTeX TeX , Leslie Lamport*. http://lamport.org http://lamport.org

LeslieLamport. LaTeX: A Document Preparation System. Addison-Wesley, Reading, * Massachusetts, 2nd edition,1994, ISBN 0-201-52983-1 WWW TeX LaTeX . : http://www.latex-project.org/. ftp, .

WWW 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. www.ctan.org/ www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/ www.ctan.org/tex-archive/info/lshort www.maths.tcd.ie/~dwilkins/LaTeXPrimer/ www.miktex.org/ 6.

www-h.eng.cam.ac.uk/help/tpl/textprocessing/LaTeX/intro.html 7. http://www.astro.amu.edu.pl/Library/TeX . . . LaTeX LaTeX .

TeX . LaTeX . . ( LaTeX) LaTeX, . , . MsWord, Wordperfect, . LaTeX , .

. . . , , . . (Unix, Windows, Macintosh). LaTeX ASCII. .

LaTeX . , tabs, enter , . , LaTeX, . , . , .

. $ & % # _ { } ~

^ \ LaTeX . $ & % # _ {

} \ \$ \& \% \# \_ \{ \} LaTeX \ . : \documentclass \begin \emph , . \ (backslash)

. LaTeX . , {} . I love the \TeX{} and \LaTeX{} programs, but I am not a \TeX{}nician.\\ Today is \today. I love the TEX and LX programs, but I am not a TEXnician. Today is January 20, 2004. logos TeX & LaTex \TeX \LaTeX .

\date \documentclass{article} \documentclass[twocolumn]{article} \documentclass[12pt]{article} LaTeX : \documentclass { } . [ ] . { } .

1. article 2. report 3. book 4. letter 5. slides [ ], : 1. 10pt,11pt,12pt 2. letterpaper, a4paper, a5paper, b5paper,executivepaper, legalpaper 3. leqno 4. fleqn 5. titlepage, notitlepage 6. twocolumn

7. twoside, oneside 8. openright, openany LaTeX (packages) LaTeX . \documentclass{article} \usepackage{graphics} . . . . . . preamble \begin{document} . . .

. . . . \end{document} \documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article} \usepackage{latexsym} \author{A. Einstein} \title{The theory of relativity} \begin{document} \maketitle \tableofcontents \section{Introduction} The Gallilean invariance holds for the Newton equations of motion but it does not hold in the case of Maxwells equations.

\section{Conclusions} We showed that there exists an upper bound to all velocities and that this bound is the speed of light in vacuum. \end{document} : 11 : : 4 \documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article} \usepackage{latexsym} \author{A. Einstein}

: A. Einstein \title{The theory of relativity} : The theory of relativity \begin{document} \maketitle

\tableofcontents \section{Introduction} The Gallilean invariance \section{Conclusions} We showed that \end{document} : Introduction : Conclusions

\section{} \subsection{} \subsubsection{} \paragraph{} \subparagraph{} \appendix{} , : Consider a function f ( x ) x 2 e x at the limit x 0 Latex : Consider a function $ f(x)=x^2-e^{-x} $ at the limit $ x \rightarrow 0 $

$ $ , , : n 1 e y i 1 ai ( bi x ci )

21 : \begin{equation} y = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{a_i}{1+e^{-(b_ix+c_i)}} \end{equation} . \frac{ }{ }}{ }} : \frac{x-1}{x+1}

x 1 x 1 \frac $ $, : \begin{equation} \end{equation} - b \int_{a}^{b} f(x)dx f ( x)dx a

n \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i} x i i 1 \alpha \beta \gamma \delta

\ \iota \kappa \lambda \mu \nu \sigma \tau \upsilon \phi \chi \Gamma \Delta

\Theta \Lambda \Chi \psi \omega \Omega \Pi \Sigma \ epsilon \zeta \xi \eta

\pi \theta \rho Upsilon \begin{itemize} \item Apples Apples \item Bananas Bananas

\item Oranges Oranges \end{itemize} \begin{enumerate} \item Apples 1.Apples \item Bananas

2.Bananas \item Oranges 3.Oranges \end{enumerate} & As it is proved \cite{Ali} the probability \begin{thebibliography}{99}

\bibitem{Ali} M. M. Ali and C. Storey,{\it Topographical Multilevel Single Linkage}, Journal of Global Optimization {\bf 5} (1994) 349-358 \bibitem{Panos} Panos M. Pardalos, H. Edwin Romeijn, Hoang Tuy,{\it Recent developments and trends in global optimization}, Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics {\bf 124} (2000)209-228 \end{thebibliography}

As it is proved [1] the probability References [1] M. M. Ali and C. Storey, Topographical Multilevel Single Linkage, Journal of Global Optimization 5 (1994) 349-358 [2] Panos M. Pardalos, H. Edwin Romeijn, Hoang Tuy, Recent developments and trends in global optimization, Journal of Computational and Applied

Mathematics 124 (2000) 209-228 Latex. \\ \newline Here I want to change line \\ and continue writing in Here I want to change line and continue writing in , :

3. : ~3. ~ (tilde) Latex 3 . \mbox{} Latex , . \ mbox{}. :

\mbox{} : \footnote \footnote{ 3.2.1} 1 3.2.1 1 (environments)

\begin{environment} . . . \end{environment} environment . equation : \begin{equation} G(a,b) = \ int_{a}^{b} f(x)dx \end{equation} :

itemize enumerate thebibliography equation , , : quote ( ) quotation ( ) verse ( )

array ( ) eqnarray ( ) tabbing ( ) tabular ( ) verbatim ( ) Arrays a+b+c uv

x-y 27 a+b u+v z 134 xyz 2978

a 3u+vw . : , , , $ \begin{array}{clcr} a+b+c & uv & x-y & 27 \\ a+b & u+v & z & 134 \\ a & 3u+vw & xyz & 2978 \end{array} $

(eqnarray) \begin{eqnarray} x & = & 17y \\ y & > & a+b+c + \nonumber \\ & d + e +f \end{eqnarray}

x 17 y y a bc (2) d e f (3) . (tabbing) . tabs

. tabs \= tab \> The tabbing environment starts a new line. \ begin{tabbing} \= : \\ \> \= , \\ \> \> ; \\ \> \> . \\ !!! \end{tabbing} . . . . The tabbing environment starts a new line.

: , ; . !!! . . . \> tab, , . 12345

1234567 : \begin{tabbing} \kill 12345 \= 1234567 \= \kill Nice \> Flower \> Rose \\ , . . . tabs \end{tabbing} .

(tabular) array. array . tabular . | tabular . \hlinehline ( \\) . \hlinecline{i-j} i j.

\begin{tabular}{||l|lr||} \hline Sugar & regular & \$10.50 \\ \cline{2-3} & thin & 11.50 \\ \hline Liver & stuffed & 12.35 \\ \cline{1-1} \cline{3-3} Spleen & & 9.20 \\ \hline Icecream & Chocolate &

5.70 \\ \hline \end{tabular} Sugar Liver regular thin 11.50 stuffed 12.35

Spleen Icecream $10.50 9.20 Chocolate 5.70 Tabular multicolumn \hlinemulticolumn , tabular. style

2 . type smart rather silly style red puce short tall \begin{tabular}{|l|l|r|} \hline \hline \emph{type} & \multicolumn{2}{c|}{\emph{style}} \\ \hline smart

& red & short \\ rather silly & puce & tall \\ \hline \hline \end{tabular} \multicolumn{n}{code}{content} n code content n Labels

, : (15), . : \label \begin{equation} \label{Albert} E = m c^2 \end{equation} . .

. (\ ref{Albert}), . . . \ ref{Albert}. Latex ( 15). \label , , , , .

\pageref ( \ref) . . \label{analysis} label{analysis} . . . \label{analysis} pageref{analysis}, , : \address \signature \begin{letter} \end{letter}

\opening{} \closing{} \cc \label{analysis} documentclass{letter} \label{analysis} address{Neokaisareia \label{analysis} \label{analysis} P.O. Box 365 \label{analysis} \label{analysis} Ioannina 45500 - GREECE} \label{analysis} signature{Isaac E. Lagaris} \label{analysis} begin{document} \label{analysis} begin{letter} {Paula Geka \label{analysis} \label{analysis} Education Division \label{analysis} \label{analysis} University of Ioannina} \label{analysis} opening{Dear Ms Geka,} I am pleased to inform you that my new book entitled: "Optimization theory and software"

is ready and available from the publisher. \label{analysis} closing{Best regards,} \label{analysis} cc{G. Dennis, V Drin} \label{analysis} end{letter} \label{analysis} end{document}

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