Sudden Cardiac Arrest - NATA

Sudden Cardiac Arrest - NATA

Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Intercollegiate Athletics Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Intercollegiate Athletics Are you prepared ? Prevalence of Sudden Cardiac Arrest SCA affects about 1 in 44,000 NCAA Student Athletes Annually Of the deaths from medical causes, 56% were cardiovascular-related sudden deaths

Males have a high incidence than females Sports at a high risk include(in order) basketball, swimming, lacrosse, football, and cross country Death rate among Afro-American athletes is 1:17,696 compared to 1 in 58,653 for Caucasian competitors Division I male basketball players, the rate of SCD was 1:3100 per year Recognition of SCA SCA should be suspected in any athlete who is

collapsed and unresponsive SCA should be suspected in any non-traumatic collapse Brief seizure-like activity is common after collapse from SCA Seizure = SCA until proven otherwise Occasional gasping is not normal breathing think SCA Common Causes of SCA Ventricular fibrillation occurs leading to improper

heart rhythms Conditions seen include: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Congenital Abnormalities of Coronary Arteries Prevention of SCA Screening Student-athletes are required to have a preparticipation physical examination. The PPE includes: Insert institutional screening policy here if applicable

o o History (chest pain or passing out with exercise) Physical exam (blood pressure, heart sounds) Prevention of SCA Emergency Preparation Emergency Action Plan Essential elements of an emergency action plan

include: (insert specific institutional plans for all of the following) Methods of communication Personnel requiring CPR and AED training Locations of AEDs for early defibrillation Practice and review of the response plan Emergency Planning Written Emergency Action Plan for SCA Emergency communication system

Trained responders in CPR/AED AED locations all staff awareness Access to early defibrillation (<3-5 min collapse to shock) Practice and review of the response plan at least annually Integrate AEDS into local EMS system Management of SCA Chain of Survival Early CPR

Prompt AED usage Chain of Survival Early Early Early Recognition

CPR AED Improved Survival Early CPR CPR can double or triple the chance of survival

< 1/3 of SCA victims receive bystander CPR 2010 AHA guidelines o o Hands-only CPR Chest compressions

Push hard, push fast (100 per minute) HCP 2 person CPR Availability of AEDs The single greatest factor affecting survival is the time from cardiac arrest to defibrillation (shock) AEDs improve survival through early defibrillation

Survival rate decreases by 10 % for ever minute an AED is not being used Management of SCA The Collapsed and Unresponsive Athlete Suspect SCA in any collapsed and unresponsive athlete An AED should be applied as soon as

possible for rhythm analysis and shock if indicated Sequential Steps in SCA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Recognize SCA Call for help / Call 9-1-1 Begin chest compressions (CPR) Send bystander to retrieve AED Apply and use the AED as soon as possible Continue CPR until EMS arrives References 2013-14 NCAA Sport Medicine Handbook K. Harmon, I. Asif, D. Klossner and J. Drezner Incidence of Sudden Cardiac Death in National Collegiate Athletic

Association Athletes. Circulation. 2011;123:1594-1600; originally published online April 4, 2011 National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Preventing Sudden Death in Sports. JAT. 2012 Jan-Feb 47(1) 96-118 Journal of American Cardiology; Vol 67; Issue 25, June 2016 DOI:10:1016/j.jacc.2016.03.527 Revised March 2017

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