Stills From Pan's Labyrinth

Stills From Pan's Labyrinth

Stills From Pans Labyrinth Film Techniques Mise en scene Mise en scene refers to the placement of visual elements on the screen

Shot Angle Lighting

Color, filter The dominant Placement of characters within the frame Framing Proxemic patterns

Staging positions Composition Depth Shots

Shot indicated by how much of an object or an actors body is visible within the camera frame Extreme long shot, establishing shot objects, people seen at a great distance setting, distance

Long shot distance from viewer to stage in a stage play Full shot the actors body fills the frame Medium shot the actor can be seen from the knees or waist up common shot, dialogue

Close-up the actors face or a small object fills the frame; nothing else can be seen emotion, important detail Extreme close-up only a small part of the actors face (e.g. eye, mouth) or an object can

be seen intense emotion, important detail Deep-focus shot long shot showing objects at close, medium, and long range in focus simultaneously viewers eye is drawn into

the scene Long Shot Full Shot

Medium Shot Close Up

Deep Focus Shot Deep Focus Angles

Angles are determined by the position of the camera in relation to the object being photographed Birds-eye view Scene is photographed from directly overhead, disorienting may make

people shown seem small, unimportant High angle Makes the subject seem unimportant, small may give a the viewer a sense of power Eye level Most common angle, not very

dramatic seldom used to convey emotion or important information about a character Low angle makes object, character seem more important and powerful makes viewer feel fearful, insecure

Extreme low angle invokes fear, discomfort in viewer Oblique angle disorienting -- may show characters point of view, indicating disorientation or drunkenness

Birds Eye View High Angle

Eye Level Low Angle Extreme Low Angle

Lighting, Color, Filters Lighting key = lighting style High key bright, even lighting happiness, joy

Low key dark, shadowy mystery, suspense, drama, the unknown evokes fear High contrast combination of dark and bright light Lighting keys can be combined in a single shot

Colors Warm (red, orange, yellow) stimulation, action, excitement Cool (blue, green) calm, aloof, distant Some colors have symbolic importance (e.g. red)

Filters can be used to emphasize a particular color, may have emotional or symbolic impact Low Key

High Contrast The Dominant The object in the frame to which the viewers eye is first drawn

May be indicated by size or color Often of great (sometimes symbolic) importance Placement of Characters or Objects within a Frame

Dominant characters, more important characters occupy more space Top = powerful, dominant Bottom = powerless, weak, less important Left and right sides of = placing characters here

suggests their insignificance or may be used to suggest danger , the unknown (We do not know what is beyond the edge of the frame.) Most important object may be placed beyond the edges of the frame especially if associated with

mystery or death Framing The amount of space of within the frame has symbolic meaning Tight frame close-up shots, crowded shots = lack

of freedom Loose frame = freedom Proxemic Patterns Proxemic patterns = the relationship of characters within a given space

The greater the distance between the camera and the character, the greater the sense of emotional distance. The smaller the distance between the camera and the character, the greater the sense of emotional

involvement. The distance between characters also implies their emotional relationship. Staging Position

Characters position in relation to the camera Full front (facing camera) great emotional involvement of viewer with actor Quarter turn (slightly turned away from camera) most popular position intimacy yet less emotional

involvement Profile (looking off frame) Character is unaware of being observed Three-quarter turn (only a small portion of the face is visible) Character is unfriendly, antisocial

Back to camera lack of involvement, mystery Composition Composition refers to the way in which the visual elements of a frame are arranged or put

together. Frames in films are often arranged the way that paintings are arranged. Lines may be used to direct the viewers eye. Diagonal lines convey a sense of movement, tension Lines may point to most important element in the

scene Recurrent patterns, shapes Depth Films are usually arranged on three planes:

Foreground Objects in the foreground usually provide important information about a scene or the film, foreshadowing Midground Background

Use of three planes give film a sense of depth. Placement of objects, characters on different planes changes the meaning of objects, characters

Foreground Foreground

Background All three planes are of importance

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