SIMPLE SENTENCE A sentence that has one independent clause INDEPENDENT CLAUSE A group of words that: makes a complete statement has a subject and predicate THE SUBJECT
The subject is the person place thing quality or idea that the sentence is about THE PREDICATE
The predicate shows the state of being or action of the subject in the sentence. Sally sneezed. (Physical action) John thinks. (Mental action) Jesse is my friend. (State of being) FORMULAS FOR SIMPLE SENTENCES: 1)
SV (one subject and one verb) Brian walked to the store. 2) SVV (one subject and two verbs) Brian walked to the store and bought food. 3)
SSV (two subjects and one verb) Brian and Sue walked to the store. 4) SSVV (two subjects and two verbs) Brian and Sue walked to the store and bought food.
OUR TURN: SV: SVV: SSV: SSVV: Write about the myths using your notes and your new vocabulary COMPOUND SENTENCE A compound sentence has two or
more independent clauses. EXAMPLES: The students finished class, and they went to lunch. Kevin did not want to hurt Kathys feeling, so he said nothing about her mistake. I want to see my sister soon, for she has been in Switzerland for two years.
COORDINATING CONJUNCTION A word that is used with a comma to join two independent clauses FAN BOYS ,for ,but
,and ,or ,nor ,yet ,so EXAMPLES:
Baseball is my favorite sport to watch, but football is my favorite sport to play. The children ran all the way to school, yet they were late anyway. You will have to finish the project, or your group will get a failing grade. We did not see Mike at the movie, nor did we see him at the restaurant.
Semicolons (;) can also be used to join the two independent clauses of a compound sentence. EXAMPLES: Susan loves to swim; her brother likes to dive. Jason was highly respected; he was always such a responsible person.
The meeting was over; it was already midnight. FORMULAS FOR COMPOUND SENTENCES 1) I,cI (Independent clause, conjunction independent clause) Brian went to the store, but Sue stayed home.
2) I;I (Independent clause; independent clause. Brian went to the store; Sue stayed home. OUR TURN: 1) I,c + I 2) I;I
Write about the myths using your notes and your new vocabulary COMPLEX SENTENCE A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. DEPENDENT CLAUSE:
A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and verb that cannot stand alone. EXAMPLES: I like Sally because she is funny. Kathy will be late for dinner since the meeting is still in progress. The game will end when one team scores.
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Subordinating conjunctions are words that show the relationship of the dependent clause to the independent clause. Some words that can be used as subordinating conjunctions are:
after although as as if as long as as soon as as though because
once before provided that even if rather than
even though since if so that in order that
though just as unless until when
whenever while SEQUENCING COMPLEX SENTENCES Dependent clause first (comma needed): When I get to Phoenix, you will be sleeping. After the players practiced, they went out for a pizza. Until the storm is over, we will not know
about the damage. Independent clause first (comma not needed): You will be sleeping when I get to Phoenix. The players went out for a pizza after they practiced. We will not know about the damage until the storm is over.
FORMULAS FOR COMPLEX SENTENCES 1) D,I (Dependent clause, independent clause While Brian went to the store, Sue stayed home 2) ID (Independent clause Dependent
clause) Sue stayed home while Brian went to the store. OUR TURN: 1) D,I 2)
ID COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE A compound complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES Dependent clause first: After the party was over, Jean had a
headache, so Paul cleaned up the house. Whenever Jennifer feels sad, she calls Chris; he cheers her up. OUR TURN: 1) D,I,cI 2) D,I;I One last time! Write about the myths
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