Some key questions - Australian Institute of Aboriginal and ...

Some key questions - Australian Institute of Aboriginal and ...

Structure of the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey Sample Size = 7,700 Households, 12,300 people 1 Adult + 1 child (2+) Non-remote - 1250 persons Remote - 1750 persons 2 Adults + 2 children (non-remote) - 5900 persons 1 Adult + 1 child (remote) - 3400 persons NATIONAL ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER HEALTH SURVEY (NATSIHS) Long-term health conditions Health-related actions Disability and recent injuries Breastfeeding (0-3) Days of reduced activity (5+) Physical activity (5+) Personal income (15+) Family stressors (15+) Immunisation (15+) Alcohol & substance use (15+) Private health insurance* (15+) Female contraception (18-49) Social & emotional wellbeing (18+) Cultural identification (18+) Discrimination (18+)

Male contraception (18+) Womens health (e.g. pap smears) (18+) *Excludes remote communities. Population is all persons unless otherwise indicated. CORE CONTENT 1 Adult + 1 child (2 yrs +) Household information Demographics Fruit & vegetable intake (2+) Salt use (2+) Physical measurements (2+) Blood pressure (5+) Self-assessed body mass (15+) Smoking (15+) Self-assessed health (15+) NATIONAL ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER HEALTH MEASURES SURVEY (NATSIHMS) All adult survey participants invited to

VOLUNTEER Key blood and urine tests of nutritional status and chronic disease markers (18+) NATIONAL ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY SURVEY (NATSINPAS) Dietary recall Physical activity Selected conditions NATSINPAS Telephone follow-up* (Non-Remote) nd dietary recall 2nd 8-day pedometer (5+) Some key questions For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: How do they perceive their health? What kind of health conditions are most prevalent?

Are people using health services more? Some key questions Have smoking rates declined? What are the patterns of alcohol consumption? Are overweight/obesity rates different for males and females? Headline results Since 2002, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who, in 2012-13: smoke on a daily basishas fallen have never smoked has increased Fewer smokers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, smoker status, 2002, 2008 & 2012-13 60 50 % 40

49 45 41 34 33 Current daily smokers 37 Never smoked 30 20 20 15 21

10 0 2002 2008 2012-13 Ex-smokers Smoking by remoteness Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, current daily smokers, by remoteness, 2002, 2008 & 2012-13 60 50 48 50 43 40 % 50

49 38 30 20 10 0 2002 2008 2012-13 Nonremote Remote Fewer young smokers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15-24 years, smoker status, 2002 and 2012-13 60 50 54 44

Current daily smokers 44 40 % 34 Never smoked 30 20 7 10 0 10 2002

2012-13 Ex-smokers Consuming alcohol Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, who had consumed alcohol in the past year, 2012-13 90 80 70 60 % 50 40 30 20 10 0 77 68 Males Series 3 Risky levels of alcohol consumption Single occasion risk no more than 4

standard drinks on a single occasion reduces the risk of alcohol-related injury arising from that occasion. Lifetime risk no more than 2 standard drinks on any day reduces the lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury. *NHMRC guidelines 2009 Alcohol - single occasion risk Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, exceeded guidelines for single occasion risk, 2012-13 70 60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 64 55 44

48 Male Column1 Nonremote Remote Alcohol - lifetime risk Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, exceeded guidelines for lifetime risk, remoteness and sex 2012-13 30 26 25 20 % 18 15 10 5 0

10 17 Males #REF! Non-remote Remote Perceptions of Health Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, self-reported health status, 2012-13 40 35 30 25 % 20 15 10 5 0 36 26 18 13

7 Excellent Very good Good Fair Poor Long-term health conditions In 2012-13, 45% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were living with 3 or more long-term health conditions. -The comparable non-Indigenous rate was 39%. *Age standardised Long-term health conditions Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living with long term health conditions, 2012-13 40 35.3 35 30 %

25 20 15 10 5 0 23.2 21.2 20.3 14.1 11.6 Non-remote Remote Overweight and obesity Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 15 years and over, Obesity and overweight rates by sex, 2012-13 % 45 40

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 40 34 30 36 33 27 Overweight Male Female Obese

Neither overweight nor obese Health-related actions Proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who had consulted with health professionals in the previous 2 weeks, 2012-13 38 40 35 30 % 25 20 17 20 16 15 12 10 5

0 5 014 2526 23 21 5 1524 4 2534 With GP/ specialist 30 28 24 5

5 3544 4554 Age group (years) With other health professional 22 19 6 55 and over 5 Total With dental professional Prevalence of health conditions and health risks Compared with non-Indigenous Australians

in 2012-13, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: all ages - 3.3 times more likely to be living with diabetes 15 years & over - 2.6 times more likely to be a daily smoker 15 years & over - 1.5 times more likely to be obese More information Release schedule: First Results Nov 2013 (cat. no. 4727.0.55.001) Updated results (June 2014) Biomedical Results (September 2014) Physical Activity (September 2014) Nutrition Foods, Nutrients and Supplements (September 2014)

ABS National Information Referral Service: 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au www.facebook.com/ absstats Questions? ??

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