Unit Three: Chapter 11 aesthetic peerless catalyst propriety

Unit Three: Chapter 11  aesthetic  peerless  catalyst  propriety

Unit Three: Chapter 11 aesthetic peerless catalyst propriety disparage virtuoso ingratiate vitriolic insipid whimsical TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 aesthetic adjective A vegetable garden not only is practical but has aesthetic value, too; the shining green peppers, red tomatoes, and purple eggplants are a beautiful sight. Your green plaid pants and orange flowered shirt do not make a very aesthetic combination. Aesthetic means A. pleasing to the senses.

B. moral. C. financial. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 aesthetic adjective A vegetable garden not only is practical but has aesthetic value, too; the shining green peppers, red tomatoes, and purple eggplants are a beautiful sight. Your green plaid pants and orange flowered shirt do not make a very aesthetic combination. Aesthetic means A. pleasing to the senses. B. moral. C. Thefinancial.

phrase beautiful sight suggests that gardens are pleasing to the sense of sight. The combination of plaid and flowered patterns would not be pleasing to the senses. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 catalyst noun World War II was a catalyst for social change. When women took factory jobs, filling in for men who were away fighting, the concept of womens work was permanently expanded. Seeing a friend die of an overdose was a catalyst for Herberts decision to stop abusing drugs. Catalyst means

A. something that causes or speeds up a process. B. something that prevents a process. C. something that is harmful. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 catalyst noun World War II was a catalyst for social change. When women took factory jobs, filling in for men who were away fighting, the concept of womens work was permanently expanded. Seeing a friend die of an overdose was a catalyst for Herberts decision to stop abusing drugs. Catalyst means

A. something that causes or speeds up a process. B. something that prevents a process. C. something that is harmful. Because the war necessitated an expansion of womens work, it was something that caused or speeded up the process of social change. The friends fatal overdose was something that caused or speeded up the process of Herberts decision to stop abusing drugs. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 disparage verb An ironclad rule of politics used to be Never disparage anyone in your party. For the sake of unity, party members werent supposed to

criticize each other. Ive lost respect for Cheryl, Shawna said. Shell pretend to be your friend, but then shell disparage you behind your back. Disparage means A. to discourage. B. to say bad things about. C. to ignore. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 disparage verb An ironclad rule of politics used to be Never disparage anyone in your party. For the sake of unity, party members werent supposed to criticize each other. Ive lost respect for Cheryl, Shawna said. Shell pretend to be your friend, but then shell disparage you behind your back.

Disparage means A. to discourage. B. to say bad things about. Photo: David Shankbone The word criticize means to say C. ignore. badtothings about someone or something. The phrase to be your friend is contrasted with Cheryls tendency to say bad things about people behind their backs. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 4 ingratiate

verb When he was stopped for speeding, Luke tried hard to ingratiate himself with the officer by complimenting the police department, but he got a ticket anyway. Its sickening the way Howie ingratiates himself with his boss by agreeing with her about every little thing and telling her how wonderful she is. Ingratiate means A. to argue with someone. B. to flatter someone. C. to make demands. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 4 ingratiate verb When he was stopped for speeding, Luke tried hard to ingratiate himself

with the officer by complimenting the police department, but he got a ticket anyway. Its sickening the way Howie ingratiates himself with his boss by agreeing with her about every little thing and telling her how wonderful she is. Ingratiate means A. to argue with someone. B. to flatter someone. C. to make demands. Paying a compliment to the police department is a way to flatter someone who works there (such as a police officer). Constantly agreeing with his boss and saying she is wonderful are two ways Howie tries to flatter someone who has authority over him. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 5 insipid

adjective A French novelist once said, A story without love is like beef without mustardan insipid dish. The cast tried hard to put some sparkle and zest into the play, but the script was so pointless and insipid that their efforts fell flat. Photo: jules (left); Robin from Netherlands (right) Insipid means A. disgusting. B. inspiring. C. boring. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 5 insipid adjective

A French novelist once said, A story without love is like beef without mustardan insipid dish. The cast tried hard to put some sparkle and zest into the play, but the script was so pointless and insipid that their efforts fell flat. Photo: jules (left); Robin from Netherlands (right) Insipid means A. disgusting. B. inspiring. C. boring. A dish served with a spicy mustard sauce is less boring than one served without. A performance with sparkle and zest is contrasted with a script that is pointless and boring. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word.

6 peerless adjective Shes peerless, the singers fans insisted. No one can compete with her. When their beloved teacher retired, her students presented her with a plaque: To a peerless educator and a matchless friend. Peerless means A. without an equal. B. critical. C. perceptive. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 6 peerless adjective

Shes peerless, the singers fans insisted. No one can compete with her. When their beloved teacher retired, her students presented her with a plaque: To a peerless educator and a matchless friend. Peerless means A. without an equal. B. critical. C. perceptive. If no one can compete with the singer, then she is so talented that she is without an equal. The two words used to describe the teacher, matchless and peerless, both mean without an equal. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 7 propriety noun

Helen, a newspaper reporter, is concerned about the propriety of her writing stories about the town council when her husband is a member of the council. People questioned the propriety of the womans beginning to date only two weeks after her husband had been killed. Propriety means A. opportunity. B. correctness. C. cost. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 7 propriety noun Helen, a newspaper reporter, is concerned about the propriety of her writing stories about the town council when her husband is a member of the council. People questioned the propriety of the womans beginning to date only two weeks after her husband had been killed.

Propriety means A. opportunity. B. correctness. C. cost. Helen is concerned about the correctness of covering council activities because it might be difficult to report objectively about a group that includes her husband. People who think it is appropriate for widows to observe a period of mourning might question the correctness of dating so soon after her husbands death. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 8 virtuoso noun Woody Allen has a funny line about a woman who gave up her lifetime ambition of becoming a violin virtuoso when she realized she would have

to study the violin. The pianist was disappointed by the review of his performance: He is competent, but no virtuosothat spark of genius is missing. Virtuoso means A. a moral person. B. a repairperson. C. a master performer. Photo: White House Photo Office TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 8 virtuoso noun Woody Allen has a funny line about a woman who gave up her lifetime ambition of becoming a violin virtuoso when she realized she would have to study the violin. The pianist was disappointed by the review of his performance: He is

competent, but no virtuosothat spark of genius is missing. Virtuoso means A. a moral person. B. a repairperson. C. a master performer. Photo: White House Photo Office It is silly to expect to become a master performer without first learning to play the violin. To be a master performer, the pianist needed a spark of geniusin addition to mere competence. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 9 vitriolic adjective

Some people who call in to radio talk shows make shockingly vitriolic remarks; they seem to be using the show as an outlet for their most bitter, vicious thoughts. A famous piece of advice: When you are furious at someone, write him or her a vitriolic letter, using the ugliest, most cutting words you can find. Read it a few times to make sure its as hateful as possible. Then tear it up and throw it away. Vitriolic means A. debatable. B. sharp and bitter. C. insane. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 9 vitriolic adjective

Some people who call in to radio talk shows make shockingly vitriolic remarks; they seem to be using the show as an outlet for their most bitter, vicious thoughts. A famous piece of advice: When you are furious at someone, write him or her a vitriolic letter, using the ugliest, most cutting words you can find. Read it a few times to make sure its as hateful as possible. Then tear it up and throw it away. Vitriolic means A. debatable. B. sharp and bitter. C. insane. If the callers are expressing their most bitter, vicious thoughts, then their remarks are sharp and bitter. If you write down the ugliest, most hateful and cutting words you can find, then your letter will be sharp and bitter. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 10 whimsical

adjective Toni and Eds decision to marry seemed whimsical. They had known each other for only three days. Some of the policies at our school seem pointless and whimsical. For example, students are allowed to audit courses in science but not in math, the library is closed every other Tuesday, and coffee is not served in the dining hall. Whimsical means A. impulsive. B. appropriate. C. frightening. Photo: Dave Hitchborne TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 10 whimsical adjective

Toni and Eds decision to marry seemed whimsical. They had known each other for only three days. Some of the policies at our school seem pointless and whimsical. For example, students are allowed to audit courses in science but not in math, the library is closed every other Tuesday, and coffee is not served in the dining hall. Whimsical means A. impulsive. B. appropriate. C. frightening. Photo: Dave Hitchborne It is impulsive to marry someone one has known for only three days. The contradictory, pointless, and odd rules seem to have been determined in an arbitrary and impulsive way.

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