Leon 16: La voisine den bas DIREto say

Leon 16: La voisine den bas DIREto say

Leon 16: La voisine den bas DIREto say pronounce dii je dis nous disons tu dis vous dites il / dit elle ils/ elles disent participe pass: avoir dit pr on ou nc e

di ze comme dire: participe pass: contredir to avoir contredit avoir prdit e prdire contradict to predict LIRE to read pronounce lii je lis nous lisons tu lis vous lisez

il / lit elle ils/ elles lisent participe pass:lu avoir pr on ou nc e liz e QUE (qu) is often used after dire, lire, crire to introduce a clause In English, the equivalent of that is often left out. In French, you must use que. Pierre dit que le film est gnial. Jai lu quil y a un nouveau CD de Tal qui sort CRIRE to write pronounce crii j cris

tu cris nous crivons vous crivez il / crit ils/ elle elles comme crire: dcrire participe pass: avoir crit pr on ou nc e c crivent riv e participe pass: to describe je dcris / nous dcrivons avoir dcrit Les pronoms complments : lui, leur

Les objets INDIRECTS Tu parles Patrick? Oui, je lui parle. Yes, Im talking to him. Tu tlphones Anne? Non, je ne lui tlphone pas. No, Im not calling her . Tu cris tes copains? Yes, Im writing them. Oui, je leur cris. No, Im not visiting them. Non, je ne leur Tu rends visite tes cousines? Les pronoms complments objets INDIRECTS Forms: masculi ne SINGULAR PLURAL lui

leur (to)him, (to) her (t0) them OR INDIRECTFeminin object pronouns replace + nouns representinge PEOPLE Il parle sa copine. Il lui parle. He talks to her. Il achte un cadeau Il lui achte un He buys a present for her. cadeau. Julie. How do I FIND the indirect object? Ask the question: subject verb to / for WHOM? objet direct = what = quelque chose Jcris une lettre ma cousine. objet indirect objet direct = WHAT = quelque chose Jachte un cadeau toi. objet indirect

Les pronoms complments OBJETS INDIRECTS ALL Forms: je tu il / elle / on nous vous ils / elles INdirect object Pronoun me (m) (to) me te (t) (to) you lui (to) him/her nous (to) us vous (to) you leur (to) them Example: Paul mcrit. Je te donne mon addresse. Tu lui rends visite. Ils nous montrent les photos. Je vous demande une question. Je leur emprunte mes

notes. Les pronoms complments objets indirects Position: The position of lui and leur is the SAME as other OP AFFIRMATIVE present imperative infinitive pass compos Je lui parle. Parle-lui. Je vais lui parler. Je lui ai parl. NEGATIVE Je ne lui parle pas. Ne lui parle pas. Je ne vais pas lui parler. Je ne lui ai pas parl. Les pronoms complments objets indirects In the pass compos, there is NO AGREEMENT with the preceeding indirect object pronoun: INDIRECT object (no agreement)

Voici Nathalie. Voici mes copains. Je lui ai parl. Je leur ai parl. DIRECT object (agreement) Je lai invite. Je les ai invits. Les pronoms complments Des verbes qui ont un OBJET INDIRECT en franais mais pas en anglais: Nous tlphonons We are calling rpondr e Marc rpond demand er Marine demande

10 Marine asks her dad for tlpho ner our friends. Marc answers 10 . nos amis. la question. the question. son pre. Les pronoms complments Dautres verbes qui prennent un OBJET INDIRECT: subject + verb + IO (quelquun) crire ... to acheter .. write to for parler .. to talk

demander . to for rendre viste . to visit dire . to say, tell to rpondre .. to donner . answer emprunter . tlphoner to call borrow from . to buy .. to ask to give to to Remplacer un objet indirect

To replace an INDIRECT object with a pronoun: Nous montrons nos photos vous. Nous vous montrons les objet direct objet photos. indirect Vous dites toujours la vrit vos parents. Vous leur dites toujours la vrit. Lordre des pronoms La, tu me prtes ton vlo?Tu donnes la photo ta copine? Oui, je te le prte. Oui, je la lui donne. Claire nous laisse sa chane hi-fi? Oui, elle nous la laisse. Marc, tu nous envoies un mail? Oui, je vous l Tu montres tes notes ton ami? Oui, je les lui montre. Tu cris une lettre tes cousins? Oui, je la leur cris.

Lordre des pronoms me te nous vous befor e le le la la les les befor e lui leu r SAVOIRto know je sais nous savons tu sais vous savez

il / sait ils/ elle elles participe pass:su avoir savent Means to know in the sense of to know information or to know how to comme savoir: Savoir + infinitve to know how to SAVOIR ou CONNATRE? connatre savoir people Je connais X places Jacqueline. Marc connat X

a fact + que Lyon. X Je sais mais il ne sait + si X Jepas. sais que tu parles + X franais. Sais-tu si Paul a un interrogative + infinitive X stylo? Je sais o tu habites. X Nous savons jouer au ping Pratiquons les pronoms complments

Are you talking to Ccile? I loaned them my notes. My parents are telephoning him. Im inviting him. We know them well. We visited them last week. I just saw him yesterday. I told him that I can come to the party. Can you give me your number? Im giving it (m) to you (s). You are showing it (f) to her. lu Tu .. parles ? i leur Je . ai prt mes notes. Mes parentslu tlphonent. l invite.i Je .. le Nous connaissons bien. s Nous leu ... avons rendu visite la semaine r dernire. le voir hier. Je viens de Je lui

. ai dit que je peux venir la boum. Tu peuxm donner ton numro? e Je te donne. la Tu le montres. lui They are leaving them for us. Ils nous ... laissent. Are you buying it (f) for them? la.. achtes? Est-ce que tu les Jai oubli deleur . apporter. I forgot to bring them for them. les leur Pratiquons les verbes savoir et connatre Do you know Ccile? I know who called.

Who knows the answer? They know how to play tennis really well. We know them well. Do you know how to cook? I met him yesterday. connais Ccile ? Tu . sais qui a tlphon. Je . sai Qui la rponse? t Elles saven .. jouer trs bien au tennis. Nous tles connaisso .. bien. ns Save vous faire la cuisine? ........ z ai Je l hier. connu She doesnt know how to answer. Elle ne sait .. pas rpondre.

Do you know where my book is? Sais -tu o est mon livre? They know a good restaurant in New York. Ils connaiss .. un bon restaurant New York. a Elleent que tu es all. She knew that you were gone. Do you know the Johnsons? I know a good place to buy ice cream. su connais Tu ... les Johnsons? connais un bon endroit pour acheter la Je . glace. sai Je ne . pas pourquoi il a fait a. s

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