Unit Six: Chapter 28 convivial paradigm equanimity profusion

Unit Six: Chapter 28  convivial  paradigm  equanimity  profusion

Unit Six: Chapter 28 convivial paradigm equanimity profusion lassitude recalcitrant listless resigned mollify surmise TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 convivial adjective Dawn and Freddys date at the candlelit restaurant was not as romantic as they hoped. They had to shout at each other to be heard over the loud laughter and singing of the convivial group at the next table. The emcee at my cousins wedding was too convivial. He hugged all the women and dragged couples onto the dance floor instead of letting them sit and talk.

Photo: Jason Hutchens from Sydney, Australia Convivial means A. dull. B. argumentative. C. sociable. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 convivial adjective Dawn and Freddys date at the candlelit restaurant was not as romantic as they hoped. They had to shout at each other to be heard over the loud laughter and singing of the convivial group at the next table. The emcee at my cousins wedding was too convivial. He hugged all the women and dragged couples onto the dance floor instead of letting them sit and talk. Photo: Jason Hutchens from Sydney, Australia Convivial means

A. dull. B. argumentative. C. sociable. If the people were laughing and singing together, the diners must have been a sociable group. An emcee who insists on hugging strangers would be excessively sociable. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 equanimity noun We can usually react to misfortune with equanimity when it happens to someone else. When it happens to us, we tend to be much more distressed. Tracy gave a birthday party for her four-year-old son and ten of his little friends without losing her equanimity. However, she spent the next day in bed, weakly sipping tea. Equanimity means

A. equality. B. calmness. C. grief. Photo: www.clearwisdom.net TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 equanimity noun We can usually react to misfortune with equanimity when it happens to someone else. When it happens to us, we tend to be much more distressed. Tracy gave a birthday party for her four-year-old son and ten of his little friends without losing her equanimity. However, she spent the next day in bed, weakly sipping tea. Equanimity means A. equality. B. calmness. C. grief. Photo: www.clearwisdom.net

In the first item, feeling distressed is contrasted with calmness. Although Tracy never lost her calmness during the party, she needed a day to recover from keeping her feelings under control. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 lassitude noun Lassitude, a strange drowsiness or lack of vigor, is one symptom of spring fever. It used to be thought that people in southern climates were naturally lazy. In fact, their apparent lassitude was caused by a widespread disease, malaria. Lassitude means A. illness. B. tiredness. C. resistance. Photo: Alexander Bassano (1875)

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 lassitude noun Lassitude, a strange drowsiness or lack of vigor, is one symptom of spring fever. It used to be thought that people in southern climates were naturally lazy. In fact, their apparent lassitude was caused by a widespread disease, malaria. Lassitude means A. illness. B. tiredness. C. resistance. Photo: Alexander Bassano (1875) The word drowsiness suggests that spring fever can cause tiredness. The word lazy suggests that malaria can cause symptoms of tiredness.

TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 4 listless adjective Children who seem listless on school mornings, complaining of pains or nausea, may actually have school phobia. Theyre not really sick; theyre afraid. Depression often goes undiagnosed in the elderly because people assume mistakenlythat being listless and weary is just part of being old. Listless means A. without energy. B. lonely. C. refusing to obey. Painting: Eleuterio Pagliani (1876) TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 4 listless

adjective Children who seem listless on school mornings, complaining of pains or nausea, may actually have school phobia. Theyre not really sick; theyre afraid. Depression often goes undiagnosed in the elderly because people assume mistakenlythat being listless and weary is just part of being old. Listless means A. without energy. B. lonely. C. refusing to obey. Painting: Eleuterio Pagliani (1876) Appearing without energy on school mornings may be a symptom of school phobia. The word weary suggests that appearing without energy may be a symptom of depression. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word.

5 mollify verb Theo is furious when anyone disagrees with him. Weve learned to mollify him by saying, Youre right. We were just tossing ideas around. When Ruben forgot to show up for their date, Jillian was enraged. But she was mollified when he sent her candy and flowers and begged her to forgive him. Mollify means A. to mislead. B. to calm down. C. to reject. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 5 mollify verb Theo is furious when anyone disagrees with him. Weve learned to mollify

him by saying, Youre right. We were just tossing ideas around. When Ruben forgot to show up for their date, Jillian was enraged. But she was mollified when he sent her candy and flowers and begged her to forgive him. Mollify means A. to mislead. B. to calm down. C. to reject. Telling someone hes right is one way to calm down a person who is furious at having been contradicted. Offering candy and flowers and begging for forgiveness is one way to calm down a person who is enraged at having been stood up. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 6 paradigm noun The Constitution of the United States became a paradigm for several emerging democracies, which based their own governments on it. The disease model of mental disturbanceseeing it as comparable to

physical illnesshas been a paradigm for other conditions, such as addiction. Paradigm means A. a pattern to follow. B. a puzzle to solve. C. a descendant. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 6 paradigm noun The Constitution of the United States became a paradigm for several emerging democracies, which based their own governments on it. The disease model of mental disturbanceseeing it as comparable to physical illnesshas been a paradigm for other conditions, such as addiction. Paradigm means A. a pattern to follow. B. a puzzle to solve.

C. a descendant. Since several countries have based their governments on the Constitution of the United States, then it has served as a pattern to follow in forming a democracy. In the second item, the word model suggests that paradigm means a pattern to follow. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 7 profusion noun If youre hungry, get off the highway at the next exit. Youll find a profusion of fast-food restaurants there. When Paco returned from his summer vacation, he found his yard overgrown with a profusion of weeds. Profusion means A. a large quantity. B. a shortage. C. a probability.

Photo: Bruce Fritz TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 7 profusion noun If youre hungry, get off the highway at the next exit. Youll find a profusion of fast-food restaurants there. When Paco returned from his summer vacation, he found his yard overgrown with a profusion of weeds. Profusion means A. a large quantity. B. a shortage. C. a probability. Photo: Bruce Fritz A large quantity of fast-food restaurants catering to hungry travelers can often be found near

highway exits. There must have been a large quantity of weeds if his yard was overgrown with them. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 8 recalcitrant adjective As other shoppers watched with amusement, a father tried to persuade his child to climb out of the dress rack she was hiding in, while the recalcitrant child cried, Noyou climb in! A truly recalcitrant person would not do well in the armysoldiers must be willing to follow orders. Recalcitrant means A. disobedient. B. disappointed. C. dishonest. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word.

8 recalcitrant adjective As other shoppers watched with amusement, a father tried to persuade his child to climb out of the dress rack she was hiding in, while the recalcitrant child cried, Noyou climb in! A truly recalcitrant person would not do well in the armysoldiers must be willing to follow orders. Recalcitrant means A. disobedient. B. disappointed. C. dishonest. The child was being disobedient when she refused to come out of her hiding place. In contrast to soldiers, who must willingly follow orders, people who tend to be disobedient would not do well in the army. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 9 resigned

adjective Scott had become resigned to being the shortest boy in his class, but during the summer, he grew four inches. Although Nina has never learned to like spinach, she has become resigned to eating it once in a while. Painting: Mizuno Toshikata (1895) Resigned means A. refusing to believe in. B. agreeing to without protest. C. eager about. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 9 resigned adjective Scott had become resigned to being the shortest boy in his class, but

during the summer, he grew four inches. Although Nina has never learned to like spinach, she has become resigned to eating it once in a while. Painting: Mizuno Toshikata (1895) Resigned means A. refusing to believe in. B. agreeing to without protest. C. eager about. Realizing he couldnt control his height, Scott finally agreed to accept being short without protest. Although Nina doesnt like spinach, she has finally agreed to eat it without protest. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 10 surmise

verb Archaeologists in the year 2998, digging up the ruins of a baseball stadium, find a hand-lettered banner: KILL THE UMPIRE! They write: We surmise that this place was used for human sacrifices. Arriving for dinner on December 25, Uncle Jake looked at the tree with its ornaments, the holly, and the brightly wrapped gifts. I surmise, he said thoughtfully, that it must be Christmas. Surmise means A. to express surprise. B. to deny. C. to suppose. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 10 surmise verb Archaeologists in the year 2998, digging up the ruins of a baseball stadium, find a hand-lettered banner: KILL THE UMPIRE! They write: We surmise that this place was used for human sacrifices.

Arriving for dinner on December 25, Uncle Jake looked at the tree with its ornaments, the holly, and the brightly wrapped gifts. I surmise, he said thoughtfully, that it must be Christmas. Surmise means A. to express surprise. B. to deny. C. to suppose. Interpreting the expression kill the umpire! literally, archaeologists of the future might suppose that umpires were actually killed in baseball stadiums. The date, the holiday decorations, and the gifts made it easy for Uncle Jake to suppose that it was Christmas. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless

I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 1. The biology teachers _________ was tested when a lab rat escaped from its cage and ran up the teachers pant leg. He attempted to remain calm, but the beads of sweat on his forehead revealed his trepidation. 2. For months after his fathers death, Kareem felt _________: he was uninterested in his usual activities and seemed incapable of exerting any effort. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless

I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 1. The biology teachers _________ was tested when a lab rat equanimity escaped from its cage and ran up the teachers pant leg. He attempted to remain calm, but the beads of sweat on his forehead revealed his trepidation. He attempted to remain calm, but it was a challenge to stay eventempered. 2. For months after his fathers death, Kareem listless felt _________: he was uninterested in his usual activities and seemed incapable of exerting any effort. The phrase incapable of exerting any effort and the word uninterested suggest that Kareem was lacking energy and interest.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 3. Each spring the meadow is filled with a(n) ________ of wildflowers. 4. Johannas _________ neighbor gives a party every weekend. 5. Ray has trouble keeping a job because he tends to be _________. He doesnt understand that a worker has to assent to and carry out the bosss orders.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 3. Each spring the meadow is filled with a __________ of profusion wildflowers. If the meadow is filled with wildflowers, then it must have an abundance of them. 4. Johannasconvivial

_________ neighbor gives a party every weekend. The neighbor must be fond of social pleasures to give parties so frequently. 5. Ray has trouble keeping a job because he tendsrecalcitrant to be _________. He doesnt understand that a worker has to assent to and carry out the bosss orders. Ray, who tends to stubbornly refuse to obey, is contrasted with other workers, who agree to carry out the bosss orders. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned

E. mollify J. surmise 6. The leader of the insurgents never grew _________ to being in jail. Every day, his resolution to escape and rejoin the rebel forces grew stronger. 7. Im handing out a sample research paper, said the instructor. You can use its footnotes and references as a(n) ________ for your own. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned E. mollify

J. surmise 6. The leader of the insurgents never grew _________ to resigned being in jail. Every day, his resolution to escape and rejoin the rebel forces grew stronger. Passively accepting imprisonment contrasts with determination to 7. escape. Im handing out a sample research paper, said the instructor. You can use its footnotes and references paradigm as a __________ for your own. The instructor offered the sample paper is an example that could serve the students as a model for their own work. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude

G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 8. Theres a good reason why we feel so sleepy after Thanksgiving dinner. Turkey is soporificit contains a chemical that produces _________ in many people. 9. The Hoof n Claw Restaurant advertised a special lobster dinner and then ran out of lobster. The manager tried to _________ the angry customers by offering them free steaks. 10.No one is answering the phone at my neighbors house, and the newspapers are piling up on his porch. I _________ that he is on vacation. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. convivial F. paradigm

recalcitrant B. equanimity C. lassitude G. profusion H. D. listless I. resigned E. mollify J. surmise 8. Theres a good reason why we feel so sleepy after Thanksgiving dinner. Turkey is soporificit contains a lassitude that produces _________ in many people. chemical If turkey makes people sleepy, the chemical must cause a lack of energy. 9. The Hoof n Claw Restaurant advertised a special lobster dinner and then ran out of lobster. The manager mollify tried to _________ the angry customers by offering them free steaks. Managers often try to soothe angry customers by offering free items. 10.No one is answering the phone at my neighbors house,

and the newspapers are piling up on surmise his porch. I _________ that he is on vacation. It is reasonable for the speaker to infer, or guess, from the unanswered phone and uncollected papers that the neighbor is away on vacation.

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