USMC Medical Capabilities RADM Richard Jeffries Medical Officer

USMC Medical Capabilities RADM Richard Jeffries Medical Officer

USMC Medical Capabilities RADM Richard Jeffries Medical Officer of the Marine Corps VANGUARD Symposium 10 February 2009 UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO QRM January 2009 Report The Road Ahead: Interagency Operations The Departments vision is to support maturation of whole-of-government Approaches to national security problems Conducting Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations Today, military forces are conducting a wide range of civil-military operations and activities and have performed these missions for more than a century A better understanding of how civilian-military efforts must be mutually supportive and when operations should transition between military-led and civilian-led activities. ref: NSPD-44 and Title 16 of the 2009 NDAA UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO USMC VISION 2025 The Marine Corps of 2025 will fight and win our Nations battles with multi-capable MAGTFs, either from the sea or

in sustained operations ashore. Our unique role as the Nations force in readiness, along with our values, enduring ethos, and core competencies, will ensure we remain highly responsive to the needs of combatant commanders in an uncertain environment and against irregular threats. Our future Corps will be increasingly reliant on naval deployment, preventive in approach, leaner in equipment, versatile in capabilities, and innovative in mindset. In an evolving and complex world, we will excel as the Nations expeditionary force of choice. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Strategy Objectives for 2025 Focus on the Individual Marine Improve Training and Education for Fog, Friction, and Uncertainty Ensure Amphibious Force Levels Meet Strategic Requirements

Expand Persistent Forward Presence and Engagement Create Joint Seabasing Capabilities Lead Joint/ Multinational Operations and Enable Interagency Activities Maintain A Ready and Sustainable Reserve Build and Deploy Multicapable MAGTFs

Posture for Hybrid Threats in Complex Environments Reinforce Naval Relationships A national imperative - Strengthening the MAGTF for employment across the ROMO UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO USMC Core Competencies The Corps conducts persistent forward naval engagement and is always prepared to respond as the Nations force in readiness. The Corps employs integrated combined arms across the range of military operations, and can operate as part of a joint or multinational force. The Corps provides forces and specialized detachments for service aboard naval ships, on stations, and for operations ashore.

The Corps conducts joint forcible entry operations from the sea and develops amphibious landing force capabilities and doctrine. The Corps conducts complex expeditionary operations in the urban littorals and other challenging environments. The Corps leads joint / multinational operations and enables interagency activities. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 5 Capstone Operational Concept Using the Commandants Vision and Strategy as a preface, this anthology presents our Capstone Operational Concept followed by a family of operational concepts. Collectively, they provide a bridge from the national strategy and overarching naval concept to service-specific operating concepts and envisioned capabilities. LtGen Amos, DC CD&I

Focused on - Defeating Hybrid threats and challenges Enhancing the MAGTFs flexibility, agility, and adaptability Enabling Marines to think faster decide faster- act decisively Increase the ability of the rifle company to conduct the full range of missions Describes four operational imperatives necessary to win - Seabasing Persistent forward presence and engagement Agile and adaptable forces Multicapable across the ROMO UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO

(2 of 6) 6 Assumptions That the Marine Corps will remain a Multicapable Forcerelevant across the range of military operations (ROMO) That geographic CCDRs will have a greater demand for Marine forces to conduct theater security cooperation That CENTCOM drawdown and 202K growth will allow a more balanced presence throughout the globe That current initiatives will enhance the Marine Corps irregular warfare capability and capacity That Agreed Implementation Plans (AIPs) are implemented with Marine Corps recommended changes That funding and authorities will be aligned to support Marine operations in support of CCDR theater campaign plan requirements 7 UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO

MAGTFs Across the Range of Military Operations Partner and Prevent, Persistent Presence Crisis Response and Limited Contingency Ops Forcible Entry and Major Operations and Campaigns xxx x III MEF MEB Train, Advise, & Assist Teams Dets, Platoons & Companies

MEU SP MAGTF SC MAGTF Task Organized Multicapable Multicapable 14,000 17,000 personnel 40,000 80,000+ personnel Divisions Wings Marine Log Groups ~2,200 Regiment (Rein) personnel Battalion (Rein) Marine Air Group Composite Sqdn Combat Log Regiment Combat Log Bn

Two- Fisted Fighter Across Acrossthe theROMO ROMO Joint / Multinational Operations and Interagency Activities UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 8 8 8 Multicapable Across the ROMO Crisis Response / HA / Small Scale Contingencies MEU MEU -- East Timor -- Kosovo

-- Liberia -- Haiti -- Philippines -- Indonesia -- Sri Lanka -- US Gulf Coast II -- Pakistan -- Lebanon SP MAGTF Partner and Prevent, Persistent Presence Crisis / Contingency Response Deter aggression MEU Quickly respond to crisis & aggression Protect citizens / interests 63% of the worlds population lives in the littorals 75% by 2030 Expand influence Strengthen alliances Conduct Information Operations

III Marine Module on LCS MEU Crisis Response and Limited Contingency Operations UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Forcible Entry and Major Operations / Campaigns 9 34th Commandants Priorities Our Marines and Sailors are our number one priority! Achieve victory in the long war Right-size our Corps to achieve 1:2 deployment to dwell time Provide our Nation a naval force that is fully prepared for employment as a MAGTF across the spectrum of conflict Reset and modernize to be most ready when the Nation is least ready Improve quality of life for our Marines and our families Rededicate ourselves to our Core Values and warrior ethos Posture the Marine Corps for the future UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO

Vision for USMC Health Services Expectations from the GWOT - OIF/OEF historically low DNBI and DOW rates Golden Hour for resuscitative surgery We will rapidly adapt to novel missions and operational requirements We will provide only essential care in theater, with rapid evacuation to definitive care We will provide medical care for civilian casualties, EPWs, detainees Our innovations will be based on analysis of available data We will rapidly insert new medical technology into ongoing operations We will use operational and medical lessons learned to guide enhancements OUR PRIMARY FOCUS IS CARE OF THE WOUNDED, ILL, AND INJURED (WII) MARINE AND SAILOR We will be expected to set the standard for far-forward resuscitative care, and provide best in the world operational medicine and Force Health Protection UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Vision for USMC Health Services Strategic Outlook USMC units will provide organic health service support wherever they are engaged across ROMO

USMC will face a resource constrained environment; however, force protection and health service support will remain a CMC priority USMC will continue to be deployed world-wide in the GWOT - - MCO Homeland defense, civil support, and consequence management Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations (SSTRO) Medical civil-military operations Detainee operations USMC will seek interoperability with naval, joint and coalition partners, and leverage the capabilities of gov't agencies, NGOs and PVOs USMC will face continued Congressional & DoD requirements to improve force protection, deployment health surveillance, and support returning casualties and their families Decreasing number of hospital beds in theater, emphasizing essential care in theater and rapid evacuation out of theater - DoD-wide skip policy from Level III - Many more Level II+ UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO UNCLASSIFIED - FOUO 7 X EMBEDDED TRAINING TEAMS ISO CSTC-A



care in austere, expeditionary environments - Across the range of military operations - Ashore and Afloat EMW/STOM/Distributed Operations/COIN and soft power focus Conventional and CBRNE warfare Focus on our essential and enabling clinical capabilities plus capacity Reserve Component should mirror Active Component Set up Garrison Care with: - Partnerships with Navy Medicine, other Services, VA, Civilian, and NGOs -

Quality in mind Continuum of care Train as you will fight Alignment in CONUS as deployed Leverage their recent advances to improve interoperability within the USMC Increase interdependence with Navy Medicine and the other Services/VA What is our core must do and what should we let others do Be open to new ideas and alternative means to achieve our common goals UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Continuum of Care Focus TMO ESG/OAG Next Generation Marine Docs and Medical/Dental Providers Next Generation Platforms, CASEVACS, and Environments Next Generation Marine - Resilience, Medic, Behavioralist?

Reservist Casualty Care and Families through the Healthcare System Technology, Research, Information Mgt. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 2009 HSOAG Solution Team: First Responder / BAS Capability Platform Requirements Requirements - Capabilities - - Mobile Forward Aid Station ABC resuscitative ability for several casualties, holding 48 hrs Enhanced airway management including suction, low weight 02generating vent, chest tube capabilities Volume resuscitation, hemorrhage management 1st Responder (Corpsman) at Point of Injury with current capacity and skil

set but systemic ability to advance care as per emerging technologies Recommendations: Create dividable / scalable / modular / task-organized BAS into 2-7 Forward Aid Stations with enhanced airway, resuscitative and holding capacities; Establish Working Council to study / determine: - Modularity, Equipment, Technologies, Personnel UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 16 2009 HSOAG Solution Team: First Responder / BAS Capability Platform Requirements Discussion: Requirements - Personnel - Forward Aid Station: IDC, PA, NP, Advanced HM, or MO with enhanced trauma resuscitative capacity and skill set

Requirements Equipment - Scalable TE with STP equipment in addition to traditional BAS sick call - Low-weight, portable, 02-generating ventilator ability - X-ray, Ultrasound, ISTAT at main BAS - Decon capability TE to main and Forward Aid Stations - Defined Sports Medicine TE for BAS UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 17 2009 HSOAG Solution Team: First Responder / BAS Training Requirements Recommendations: Establish a summit to standardize medical training requirements (T&R Manual) and develop the continuum of training matrix [to include BUPERS, HQMC, MARFOR, MPT&E & TECOM] - Basic/Core Skills (i.e. Trauma Management, Sick Call, Dental, Preventive Medicine, Mass Casualty, TeleMED, Sports Medicine, Warfighting, etc.); - Advanced/Specialized Skills (i.e. COSC, TBI, CBRN, HADR, Paramedic Skills, Casevac/Medevac, Medical Cultural/Language, etc.); - Sustainment Skills (Establish an FMF On Ramp Refresher Course);

Establish Medical Training Cells at each MEF/MFR and MSC Add HS T&R compliance to CGRI HQMC IG Leverage/Review Joint training opportunities; FMSO and FMST UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 18 2009 HSOAG Solution Team: Forward Resuscitative Capability Platform Requirements Recommendations: A core capability of FRSS/STP/ERC teams organic to Med BN to meet full spectrum of forward resuscitative care to Level II+ care Structure resuscitative capability to be light, small, and scalable across the full spectrum of combat operations IOT support future Expeditionary requirements - Use the ERSS model as a starting point Nominate a study group to determine - The composition, capability, skill sets for expeditionary teams - Which HSAP billets to convert to organic Medical Battalion critical

core resuscitative capabilities - How to convert HSAP billets - A process to streamline and expedite the repositioning and reallocation of resuscitative capabilities on the battlefield in response to changing combat tempo and Main Effort; Right capability, right place, right time. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 19 HQMC HS Organizational Changes and Structure - Special Staff - TMO Executive Steering Group (ESG) - OAG - FHBOD Capability Documents and EMW HSS UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO UNCLASSIFIED Working Draft INITIAL CAPABILITIES DOCUMENT (ICD) For United States Marine Corps Health Service Support (HSS) for Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare (EMW)

Potential ACAT III Validation Authority: United States Marine Corps Approval Authority: United States Marine Corps Milestone Decision Authority: Commander, Marine Corps Systems Command Joint Potential Designation: Joint Integration Prepared for Concept Refinement Decision 16 September 2008 V 1.0 Distribution Statement D: Distribution authorized to Department of Defense (DOD) and DOD contractors only; for administrative and operations use. Other US requests shall be referred to Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command (MCCDC), Expeditionary Force Development Center, Quantico, VA 22134-5021. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Health Services Support OV-1 BAS GCE S-4 FRSS/STP FSC Navy CRTS Casualty Evac


MAGTF effectiveness in complex terrain - Increase small unit training and situational awareness Improve Ground tactical mobility Enhance Assault support Develop Unmanned systems Lighten the load while enhancing protection Complex and media-intensive operational environments - Develop Small unit leaders Integrate Predeployment training Conduct Enhanced Company Operations (ECO) Increase effectiveness in the Information Environment Operational Culture, regional, & language and communication skills

We must train and educate Marines at all levels on the challenges and opportunities presented by the Information Age so that it becomes inherent in everything we do. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 25 Long War Concept The Marine Corps Plan for Strategic Force Employment to Achieve a Stable Global Environment through Partnership Evolve Marine Corps and naval operating concepts that address our contributions to Combatant Commanders theater security cooperation plans even as we maintain our contingency and crisis response capability34th CMC Planning Guidance 2006 UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 26 Forward Deployed Future 3.0 MEU, GFS, Representative LCOs FY10 Future GFM Requirements from CCDRs for ESG / MEU Equivalents: 3.0 presence would require 2 additional MEU HQs ARG/MEU Equiv


Full time ARG/MEU ARG/MEU GFS ARG/MEU GFS GFS ARG/MEU LCOs (Scheduled/Unscheduled) PACOM SOUTHCOM AFRICOM UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO *Assumes Marine Forces Employed to 3 of 5 Projected GFS PACOM 27

USMC VISION Dedicated to making Marines imbued with the ideal of selfless service to the Nation Prepared to live hard in uncertain, chaotic, and austere environments Deployed forward with relevant and timely capabilities Forged to be lean, agile, and adaptable as individuals and as an institution UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO USMC VISION Focused on executing sustainable expeditionary operations Trained and equipped to lead joint and multinational operations and enable Interagency activities Educated and trained to understand and defeat adversaries in complex conflicts

Committed to taking care of Marines and their families UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Vision for USMC Health Services Guidance Essential Clinical Capabilities Preventive Medicine/Public Health/Epidemiology Disease Surveillance & Reporting Deployment Health Surveillance Environmental Health Industrial Hygiene Entomology Infectious Disease Primary Care Services Sick Call Womens Healthcare Aviation Medicine Diving Medicine Dental Sports Medicine First Responder Care (Self-aid, Buddy-aid, Combat Lifesaver, and Corpsmen) Advanced Trauma Management Mass Casualty Teams Combat Operational Stress Control (OSCAR)

UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Vision for USMC Health Services Guidance Essential Clinical Capabilities (Cont.) Far-forward Resuscitative Surgery (FRSS) Shock Trauma Platoon (STP) Forward Resuscitative Surgery (Surgical Company) Combat Stress Teams (CST) with mTBI Capability Clinical Laboratory Capability Identification of Chemical/Biological Warfare Agents During Patient Care Blood Management Diagnostic Imaging Pharmacy Infection Control Temporary Holding with Critical Care to Stabilize Patients for Evacuation Enroute Care during RW Evacuation Enroute Care during Ground Evacuation Remote Physiological Monitoring of Marines and Patients Telemedicine Capability, to include Reach-back to MTFs Outside the Theater Patient Decontamination Capability Provide limited medical care for civilian casualties, EPWs, and Detainees UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Vision for USMC Health Services

Guidance Essential Enabling Capabilities Automated Systems to Collect and Manage Patient Information Theater Medical Information Program Medical Readiness Reporting System AHLTA-T Combat Trauma Registry Casualty/Patient Tracking and Reporting Combat Stress and TBI Medical Planning Medical Intelligence Medical Logistics Supply Chain Management Material Handling Biomedical Repair & Maintenance Medical Modeling and Simulation Medical and Operational Training UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Deployments Current Big Rocks Mental Health COSC, Suicides and OSCAR TBI Technology and ANAM GMO Specialist

Enhanced MedBn and Next Generation FRSS and STP HSAP IAs, CUIC and Platforms UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Garrison Care Marine Centered Care Inspecting and Meeting the New Standards Privileging and Quality Assurance IM/IT NexGen, AHLTA, TMIP, MRRS, DHAs Referral Management and Continuum in Care

Casualty Care and the Warrior Transition Units UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Marine and Family Care Patient and Family Centered Care Psychological Health and Stress Brain Injury and PTSD HBOT and ?? Future of Mohave Viper Autism (ASD) ECHO TRICARE UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO

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