Reconciling Nationalist and Non-Nationalist Loyalties

Reconciling Nationalist and Non-Nationalist Loyalties

Reconciling Nationalist and Non-Nationalist Loyalties Chapter 4 Ethnic Loyalty Regional loyalty Alberta Oil Sands What are NonNationalist loyalties? Religious loyalty The Vatican Cultural loyalty

Class Loyalty Occupy Movement How do Nationalist and Non-Nationalist loyalties contend (compete)? When class and nationalist loyalties compete Classes are a way of dividing society according to wealth or status or education

The Winnipeg General Strike: Just after WW1 Most people were poor and wanted to be protected by unions and many people went out on strike (stopped working) Employers didnt want unions, so they called the RCMP: 2 were killed, 30 were injured and the strike was broken.

Watch The Winnipeg General Strike (part 1 and 2) 10 key ideas about the Winnipeg General Strike 5ws Who How Winnipeg General Strike Why

When When Religious and Nationalist Loyalties Compete Religious Loyalties in Northern Ireland In the 16th Century, Great Britain, which was Protestant, ruled Ireland, which was Catholic There was lots of conflict; for example, Catholics were

forced to move away from their home to a less favorable part of the country. There was murderous violence from the 1960s until 1999, a period called the Troubles. They eventually negotiated a peace. http ://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=_SQs__ ttqL8

When Regional and National Loyalties Compete Oil, gas and Regional Loyalty Inflation prices rise quickly and the dollar buys less In 1970, Arab countries stopped selling oil to Western countries, which made the price go up. Lots of people throughout Canada lost their jobs, but things were going well in Alberta because of the high price of oil.

Prime Minister Trudeau decided that Alberta would sell its oil at a lower price, and taxed it heavily. The National Energy Program (NEP) Trudeaus plan of forcing Alberta to sell its oil at a lower price was called the NEP. The NEP caused oil companies to do business in other places, which

caused unemployment and tough times in Alberta. 1981 Premier Lougheed & Trudeau eventually agreed to allow Alberta to control oil prices & revenue Oil Sands When the price of oil continued to rise steadily, it became possible to invest in

the oil sands in Alberta, which helped build opportunities and prosperity in the province Ideological Loyalties People who support oil sands development may be inspired by regional loyalties. They may believe that the oil sands benefits Alberta and the rest of

Canada. The same people may think that the price is too high because of damage to the environment. For example, 3000 km of forest was destroyed. Their ideological loyalty to environmentalism may compete with their regional loyalty. The oil sands and cultural loyalties Development has tested

First Nations peoples loyalty to their traditional ways of life and culture. The oil sands have provided jobs, but have also caused pollution, used up a lot of water and have made it difficult to hunt and trap. Watch CBC Doc Zone Tar Sands The selling of AB Positive effects of Oil

Sand Development Negative effects of Oil Sand Development Do You Support Oil Sand Development in Alberta? Living With Contending Loyalties How does an individual choose 1 loyalty over another? To deal with contending nationalist loyalties, people often have to sacrifice an important part of their identity.

This often leads to feelings of alienation feelings of being on the outside or left out. Michael Jean used her coat of arms to include both nationalist and non-nationalist symbols (see page 97) Bringing about Change in the Nation (page 98) Some people try to change their nation to accommodate non-nationalist loyalties. Eg. Fighting for First Nations women Black History month, Michael Jean praised black people in Canada for fighting for rights.

Segregation (page 99) Fighting for a Sense of Belonging South African policy but was present in the American South 1957, segregation- forced separation of racial groups occurred in Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. 9 black teenagers became the first blacks to attend the school. Angry whites gathered outside the school, insulting them as they tried to enter the school. This went on for days. Little Rock Nine US president sent in the army to protect the teens. Brown Trickery endured this for 5 months (believed in

non-violence), finally she started to fight back, was expelled. Fighting for Religious Freedom The Charter of Rights and Freedoms now guarantees freedom of religion in Canada. Still, govt action can affect religious groups in Canada. E.g. 2003 Alberta, like other provinces passed a law requiring a photograph on all drivers licences. But, Hutterites in Wilson Siding Colony in southern Alberta fought this ruling as from their perspective, the bible prohibits them from willingly having their picture taken. **obeying the law would mean violating their religious beliefs.

But following their religious beliefs would mean they could not have a drivers licence. Charter of Rights and Freedoms favored the Hutterites but has since been handed over to the Supreme Court of Canada. Making Reconciliation Work Task 1: Watch the video on Maher Arar.Summarize the events that effected Maher Arar (point form), and the outcome. Why was Arar targeted? Why did the Canadian and American Govt act as they did?

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