Do you believe in witches or ghosts? Puritans An Introduction to The Crucible Who were the Puritans? Group of religious, social, and moral reformers who emerged within the Church of England during the middle of the sixteenth century.
Sought to purify the church by getting rid of the hierarchy (priests, bishops, cardinals) and ornate ceremonies. Against man-made doctrine and church politics. Believed religion should be plain. People should worship through Bible reading and individual prayer. The Great Migration Puritans were persecuted in England for their radical beliefs. 1630-1640 over 20,000 immigrated to New England to
create a new society based on their religious ideals. In his famous sermon A Model of Christian Charity, John Winthrop described their society as a city upon a hill that would be watched by the whole world. Believed they were doing Gods work by settling in America. Puritan Beliefs The Puritans believed in Predestination. Before the dawn of history, God chose who He would save and
who He would condemn to Hell. There is a plan for everyone. The chosen few, called saints, experience a strong feeling of assurance that they have received Gods grace. This experience is called conversion. Puritans were always looking for signs of grace in themselves and others. Important: Puritans believed the deeds of people, no matter how good or moral, have no influence over who God elects for salvation. Would you accept this?
Is this belief comforting or upsetting to you? Why? What problems does it pose? If you believed in Predestination, how would you live your life? Did they accept this? They were an extraordinarily energetic, activist lot, constantly striving to reshape both society and government to accord with what they
believed to be the will of God as set forth in the Bible. They strove to lead godly and disciplined lives. Puritans believed that their very ability to master their own sinful ways provided some evidence that they ranked among the elect of saints. Godliness was the effect, not the cause of salvation. Way of Life
Religion was at the center of the community and government. Puritans valued hard work on every day but the Sabbath. Puritans believed economic prosperity was a sign of Gods grace. Puritans did not celebrate holidays. Puritans attended four-hour church services where they listened to long sermons on God and community events.
Rigid Social Hierarchy Men had power over women. Women had to obey their husbands. Women could not own property. Women could not vote. Yetmen and women were spiritual equals. The rich had power over the poor. Rich had more political power. Employment: Rich Poor
Charity: Rich Poor Theocracy Theocracy: System of government tin which priests rule in the name of God The church ruled the government. Puritans believed that the government should strictly enforce public morality. Privacy did not exist. The community had a right to know your business.
Anyone who broke the laws of the church was punished severely. The society valued conformity over individualism. Benefits of a Strict Society The Puritans maintained an orderly society even during uncertain times. Their work ethic helped them survive in harsh conditions. By placing the wellbeing of the group in front of
the wellbeing of the individual, they stuck together. Puritans provided free education to children this ensured their Christian upbringing. 1630-1660: Misfortunes Relations with Britain became strained. Native American raiding parties Natural forces: harsh winters, flooding and illness Disease: small pox
Results of Misfortune Puritans believed Satan must be working to destroy the church. Puritans looked to superstition for explanation of lifes misfortunes. Witch hunts provided scapegoats to take the blame. Threats to Puritanism
Dislike of a closed life. Resentment of the power of the few over many. Increasing economic prosperity. People sought individual wealth. The presence of the frontier concepts of self-reliance, individualism, and optimism. Theocracy suffered from a lack of flexibility. Growth of rationality use of the mind to know God less dependence on the Bible Diversity of the new immigrants
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