Prezentácia programu PowerPoint

Prezentácia programu PowerPoint

ivochy prospen pre loveka Velrstvo Mgr. Flra Vela medonosn Trieda (classis): Hmyz- Insecta (Ectognatha) Podtrieda (subclassis): Dicondylia Infratrieda (infraclassis): Pterygota

Subdivisio: Holometaboln hmyzEndopterygota (Holometabola) Rad (ordo): Blanokrdlovce Hymenoptera Podrad (subordo): thlopseGymnocerata Nadea (superfamilia): Vely- Apoidea ea (familia): Velovit- Apidae Rod (genus): Vela- Apis Stavba tela telo kadho velieho jedinca sa sklad z hlavy, hrude, bruka vonkajia kostra je z

chitnu, pokryt chpkami m 2 pry blanitch krdel s vemi jemnmi chpkami a s pozdnou i prienou ilnatinou, ktor s medzi sebou zahknut jemnmi hikmi (blanokrdly hmyz) Vela medonosn (Apis mellifera) ije

v poetnch spoloenstvch velstvch- och, robotnice, trdy, matka (krovn) - prebieha formou dokonalej premeny (metamorfza), - od vajka po dospel hmyz prechdza viacermi tdiami: Vvoj viel oplodnen vajko dospel jedinec

larva kukla Vvoj viel z vajok sa po troch doch vyliahnu larvy, ktor rchlo rast zsluhou materskej kaiky, ktorou s kmen poas prvch 3 dn. Neskr s kmen nektrom a peom. Larvlne vvojov tdium matky trv 5 dn, robotnice 6 a trda 7 dn,

po tomto tdiu sa larva z pvodnej mesiaikovite stoenej polohy vzpriami, zaviekuje. tdium vzpriamenej larvy trv pri matke a robotnici 2 dni, pri trdovi 3 dni, nasledujce tdium kukly, z ktorej sa vyvinie dospel imgo, trv pri matke 6 dn, pri robotnici 10 a pri Robotnice s neplodn samiky stnymi orgnmi zbieraj nektr a pe z

kvetu- opeuj kvety, staraj sa o vyliahnut larvy, kmia ich, tvoria med v medovom aldku ij 1 4 mesiace 16 mm s tmavo pruhovan maj ihadlo ivot robotnice

kad robotnica m krtky ivot, ale pln viacero funkci prv tri dni po vyliahnut ist plsty a chyst ich na kladenie vajok, potom sa asi desa dn star o larvy, ktor kmi vlukom z hltanovch liaz

medzitm sa jej tvoria voskov azy a robotnica zane stava a opravova plsty odober i pe a nektr, ktor alej spracva po dvanstom dni vylieta sama z a a zbiera nektr, pe, vodu a medovicu, vetky ltky prepotrebn pre ivot viel. vely si podvaj sprvy o hojnosti potravy, aj o smere a vzdialenosti od a robotnice, ktor sa vracaj z vonku do a, tancuj dorozumievac tanec a poda

tvaru kriviek, ktor pri om opisuj, poda ich vekosti a smeru sa ostatn vely dozvedia Trdy samce s dlhie ako robotnice a nemaj ihadlo, oploduj matku ij 30- 60 dn,

20 mm, s zavalit, maj npadne vek oi Velia krovn - matka jedin samika, ktor sa me rozmnoova, oplodnia ju trdy zo susednho a, ije 2 6 rokov, je dlh 22 mm,

m dlh tmav bruko s mohutnm ihadlom feromn Velie produkty vely produkuj rzne biologicky vysoko hodnotn produkty, ako je med, vel jed (apitoxn), propolis, vel vosk a matersk kaika Velie produkty

vel med pomha najm pri lieen porch trvenia, dchania a krvnho obehu a bene sa pouva ako sladidlo do aju namiesto rafinovanho cukru, velie pichnutia maj aj priazniv inky, najm pri reumatickch

ochoreniach psob vel jed lieivo a utiujco, me vak spsobova aj alergiu, propolis a matersk kaika maj lieiv a vemi siln antibakterilne inky, spsobuje znecitlivenie a rchle hojenie rn a je pouvan v zubrstve, pe sa pouva na vrobu liekov a kozmetickch prpravkov, vosk sa pouva v kozmetike, a vo farmaceutickom priemysle, kedysi sa vel vosk pouval namiesto Velrstvo

akujem za pozornos!

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