Understanding curriculum means to understand the cultural construction
Understanding curriculum means to understand the cultural construction of the child and the future citizen (Pinar, 2013) Aims of this presentation Summarise progress. Share key curriculum messages. Describe the next steps for development and engagement. First of all heres a film that sets the tone for this presentation.
www.youtube.com/watch?v=0jEaastz224&t=14s Why are we changing the curriculum? Perceived shortcomings in the current curriculum and assessment arrangements. The OECD reported a low performance for a high proportion of Welsh young people in schools. Relatively low performance in PISA surveys. The perception of highly prescriptive content allied to increasingly powerful accountability mechanisms has diminished the creative role of schools and professionals. Essential features of our curriculum devised in 1988 do
not reflect our world of technology and globalisation. What were the key recommendations from Successful Futures?
Four purposes of the curriculum. Six areas of learning and experience. Three cross-curricular responsibilities. Progression steps at ages 5, 8, 11, 14 and 16. Achievement outcomes. A range of pedagogical approaches. Refocusing assessment on learning, including learners selfand peer-assessment. Monitoring performance of the system at a national level through annual sampling. The purpose of the new curriculum is to support our children and young people to be:
ambitious, capable learners, ready to learn throughout their lives enterprising, creative contributors, ready to play a full part in life and work ethical, informed citizens of Wales and the world healthy, confident individuals, ready to lead fulfilling lives as valued members of society. Defining curriculum Curriculum includes all the learning experiences and assessment activities planned in pursuit of agreed purposes of education.
Curriculum for Wales 2022 consists of: a national level framework school-level design and planning. Supporting the new curriculum National approach to professional learning (and funding).
New evaluation and improvement (accountability) arrangements. Online personalised assessments. New additional learning needs approach. Qualifications. Our new curriculum is: a purpose-led curriculum the four purposes are the heart of curriculum development at a national and local level organised as a continuum of learning from ages 3 to 16 all children and young people will make progress along the same
continuum organised around progression steps, articulated as achievement outcomes inclusive of the three cross-curricular responsibilities the basis for thinking of the 1416 phase, qualifications and beyond. Our new curriculum will not be:
overly prescriptive or specific; it will not dictate time allocations for areas of learning and experience, subjects or disciplines driven by content coverage, defining detailed inputs for learners or groups of learners biased towards either knowledge or skills; it has been developed to allow schools to provide a balance of knowledge, skills and experiences based upon programmes of study; subjects and disciplines will work as parts of the areas of learning and experience to ensure that meaningful links are made. Whats new about the curriculum?
Purpose Process Progression Pedagogy Professional learning
Practice Creating the curriculum for your school: National to school level National-level curriculum as defined by the Welsh Government. School-level curriculum which will be further planned, developed and evaluated by teachers in schools and clusters A number of curriculum models emerge as you engage with the curriculum and the research underpinning it. Progression (of learning)
Progression should be described along a continuum of learning in each area of learning and experience. It is formative and involves the learner actively in the process. Curriculum, assessment and pedagogy are seen as parts of an integrated whole.
The model has been developed based upon research and evidence alongside the CAMAU project. Progression of learning is described through achievement outcomes at five steps on the continuum. Progression steps relate broadly to expectations at ages 5, 8, 11, 14 and 16. Progression (of learning) Progression steps should be reference points, providing a road map for each individual learners progress in their learning, not universal expectations of their performance at fixed points. Authentic learning opportunities that connect aspects of the
curriculum and make connections to everyday life. Achievement outcomes are not to be used directly for assessment. They should be used: for school-level and class- level curriculum design, development and planning to support practitioners understanding of moving learning forward. The components of our new curriculum Cross-curricular responsibilities Four purposes
What Areas of matters learning and experience statements Experiences, Achievement knowledge outcomes and skills
Wider skills Welsh dimension and international perspective School-level curriculum Areas of learning and experience Expressive Arts Humanities Health and Well-being Science and Technology Mathematics and Numeracy
Languages, Literacy and Communication Each area of learning and experience is organised into a suite of what matters statements which prioritise the important concepts about which learners must have experiences, knowledge and skills. What matters statements Organisers for essential learning working towards the four purposes. Provide conceptual triggers for subject/disciplinary experiences, knowledge and skills. Headline and rationale are one must be used together.
Key to school-level curriculum and development selecting and prioritising subject matter. Provide clear opportunities to make links within and between areas of learning and experience. Basis on which progression has been built. Experiences, knowledge and skills Essential planning support for schools a common starting point. Links within and between areas of learning and experience. Need to be considered to enable learners to meet: four purposes of the curriculum achievement outcomes
what matters statements. Achievement outcomes Described from the learners perspective, using terms like I can or I have . Describe the broad knowledge, competency or experience a learner needs to gain. Should contribute clearly to the four purposes of the curriculum and have emphasis on achievement in a broad sense, rather than narrow measures of assessment. Achievement outcomes
Allow learners to make progress along the same continuum, regardless of any additional learning needs they might have, though they may move between progression steps at a different pace. Should be used as the basis to build assessment approaches, e.g. formative, summative, self, peer, portfolio. Should provide agency for professionals in developing curriculum and helping learners realise the achievement outcome. Achievement outcomes are not: narrow measures of attainment qualification specifications
granular learning objectives shallow descriptions of content criteria for a single assessment piece. Assessment Arrangements will: include key principles for effective assessment in the context of the curriculum be available for feedback in April alongside the curriculum. Assessment Arrangements will include guidance on:
the use of self- and peer-assessment to support high-quality learning the use of e-portfolios to encourage learners to demonstrate learning and experiences maximising the quality and value of reporting to parents/carers, which gives a picture of a learners development against all four purposes of the curriculum standardisation and moderation to develop an agreed understanding of progression building on current good practice transition arrangements to support continuity and progression in learning for learners within and between schools. A national approach to professional
learning The new curriculum will call on all practitioners to think afresh about what they teach, how they teach and about what we want young people to be as well as to learn. Leaders and teachers will be afforded higher levels of autonomy and agency in schools and classrooms, and with this will come the need to develop new skills and approaches. Qualifications Qualifications will adapt to reflect the curriculum. The timeline for qualifications development is as follows. 2019 Stakeholder discussions/consulting on the purposes
of future qualifications. 2020 Qualifications Wales and the Welsh Government confirm the qualifications offer. 2021 Consultation on detailed design of qualifications. 2023 New qualifications approved; training and resources available. 2025 New qualifications taught in schools. Proposals for a new legislative framework Reflect recommendations in Successful Futures. Consultation sets out legislative proposals for:
four purposes of the curriculum at the heart six areas of learning and experience with content in statutory guidance three cross-curricular responsibilities progression points at ages 5, 8, 11, 14 and 16 Welsh and English remaining statutory religious education, and age-appropriate relationships and sexuality education. Proposals for a new legislative framework However, there is:
no new proposed legislation for evaluation nothing on content of the curriculum or the pedagogical and methodological processes in schools. The consultation can be found online at https://beta.gov.wales/our-national-mission-transformational-curricul um The deadline for responses is 25 March 2019. Feedback exercise for the curriculum The curriculum will available online for feedback until 14 July. The purpose of the feedback exercise to: understand the professions perceptions
inform refinements the next stage of development. For consideration during feedback: The wording and components of the areas of learning and experience. Not for consideration during feedback: The model and elements of the areas of learning and experience. Engagement events will take place regionally throughout summer term. What can you do now? Share this presentation with your colleagues begin the discussion. Curriculum
hwb.gov.wales Follow the Curriculum for Wales blog https://curriculumforwales.gov.wales Education is changing website https://beta.gov.wales/education-changing
Preparing for the Curriculum -presentations and resources https://gov.wales/preparing-new-curriculum Thank you for listening.
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