Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 14 CFR Part 107

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 14 CFR Part 107

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) 14 CFR Part 107 Small UAS Rule Presented to: Presented by: National FAA Safety Team, AFS-850 Date: The Small UAS Rule (Part 107) First rules for routine operation of small UAS (<55 pounds) In effect August 29, 2016 Recreational operators may fly under part 107 or Part 101, Subpart E, as set forth in Section 336 of Public Law 112-95. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016

Federal Aviation Administration 2 The Basics UAS operators must obtain a Remote Pilot Certificate Visual line-of-sight, daylight operations 400 feet or below in uncontrolled (Class G) airspace UAS must weigh less than 55 lbs. and be registered Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016

Federal Aviation Administration 3 Remote Pilot Certification Must be at least 16 years old Must read, write, and speak English Must pass an aeronautical knowledge exam at an FAA-approved Knowledge Testing Center Part 61 certificate holders can take online training at faasafety.gov instead of the knowledge exam Must undergo TSA background security screening Small UAS Rule Part 107

8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 4 Part 107 Airspace Requirements Operations in Class G are allowed without air traffic control authorization Operations in Class B, C, and D airspaces, and Class E airspace designated for airports, require authorization from ATC Federal Aviation Administration Operating Rules Visual line-of-sight only

Daylight or civil twilight only No operations over people Must yield right-of-way to manned aircraft Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 6 Operating Rules One UAS per operator Max groundspeed of 100 mph External load operation

only permitted if the load does not affect flight operations or control Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 7 Aeronautical Knowledge Exam Topics Applicable regulations relating to small unmanned aircraft system rating privileges, limitations, and flight operation Airspace classification and operating requirements, and flight restrictions affecting small unmanned aircraft

operation Aviation weather sources and effects of weather on small unmanned aircraft performance Small unmanned aircraft loading and performance Emergency procedures Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 8 Aeronautical Knowledge Exam Topics

Crew resource management Radio communication procedures Determining the performance of small unmanned aircraft Physiological effects of drugs and alcohol Aeronautical decision-making and judgment Airport operations Maintenance and preflight inspection procedures Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 9

Types of UAS Operations Recreational Operations Non-recreational/Commercial Operations Pilot Requirements No pilot requirements Must have Remote Pilot Airman Certification Must be 16 years or older

Must pass TSA vetting Aircraft Requirements Must be registered if over 0.55 pounds Must be less than 55 pounds Must be registered if over 0.55 pounds Must undergo pre-flight checklist Location

Requirements Must notify all airports and air traffic control (if applicable) within five miles of proposed area of operations Class G airspace without ATC permission Class B, C, D, and E require ATC permission Operating Rules

Must ALWAYS yield right of way to manned aircraft Must keep aircraft in visual line-ofsight Must follow community-based safety guidelines Must keep aircraft in visual line-of-sight* Must fly under 400 feet* Must fly only during daylight hours* Must fly at or below 100 mph* Must yield right of way to manned aircraft*

Must NOT fly over people* Must NOT fly from a moving vehicle* Education or recreational flying only Definitions Flying for commercial use Flying incidental to a business Flying public aircraft operations

*These requirements are subject to waiver. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 10 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) Now that we have finished with our 400 overview of Part 107, lets take a more detailed look at some of the provisions within Part 107. Note that the regulations are paraphrased in the

following slides and you need to review the entire text of the rule. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 11 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) Subpart AGeneral 107.1 Applicability. 107.3 Definitions. Small UAS Rule Part 107

8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 12 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.5 Falsification, reproduction or alteration. 107.7 Inspection, testing, and demonstration of compliance. 107.9 Accident reporting. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation

Administration 13 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) Subpart BOperating Rules 107.11 Applicability. 107.12 Requirement for a remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating. 107.13 Registration. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 14

The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.15 107.17 107.19 107.21 Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Condition for safe operation. Medical condition. Remote pilot in command.

In-flight emergency. Federal Aviation Administration 15 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.23 Hazardous operation. 107.25 Operation from a moving vehicle or aircraft. 107.27 Alcohol or drugs. 107.29 Daylight operation. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation

Administration 16 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.31 Visual line of sight aircraft operation. 107.33 Visual observer. 107.35 Operation of multiple small unmanned aircraft. 107.36 Carriage of hazardous material. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration

17 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.37 Operation near aircraft; rightof-way rules. 107.39 Operation over human beings. 107.41 Operation in certain airspace. 107.43 Operation in the vicinity of airports. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 18

The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.45 Operation in prohibited or restricted areas. 107.47 Flight restrictions in the proximity of certain areas designated by notice to airmen. 107.49 Preflight familiarization, inspection, and actions for aircraft operation. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 19 The Small UAS Rule

(Part 107 Detailed) 107.51 Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft. Subpart CRemote Pilot Certification 107.53 Applicability. 107.57 Offenses involving alcohol or drugs. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 20 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.59 Refusal to submit to an alcohol

test or to furnish test results. 107.61 Eligibility. 107.63 Issuance of a remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 21 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.64 Temporary certificate. 107.65 Aeronautical knowledge recency. 107.67 Knowledge tests: General

procedures and passing grades. 107.69 Knowledge tests: Cheating or other unauthorized conduct. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 22 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.71 Retesting after failure. 107.73 Initial and recurrent knowledge tests. 107.74 Initial and recurrent training courses.

107.77 Change of name or address. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 23 The Small UAS Rule (Part 107 Detailed) 107.79 Voluntary surrender of certificate. Subpart DWaivers 107.200 Waiver policy and requirements. 107.205 List of regulations subject to waiver.

Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 24 Remote Pilot Certification 107.61 Eligibility. Subject to the provisions of 107.57 and 107.59, in order to be eligible for a remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating under this subpart, a person must: (a) Be at least 16 years of age; Small UAS Rule Part 107

8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 25 Remote Pilot Certification (b) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical reasons, the FAA may place such operating limitations on that applicant's certificate as are necessary for the safe operation of the small unmanned aircraft; Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016

Federal Aviation Administration 26 Remote Pilot Certification (c) Not know or have reason to know that he or she has a physical or mental condition that would interfere with the safe operation of a small unmanned aircraft system; and (d) Demonstrate aeronautical knowledge by satisfying one of the following conditions: Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation

Administration 27 Remote Pilot Certification (d)(1) Pass an initial aeronautical knowledge test covering the areas of knowledge specified in 107.73(a); or Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 28 Remote Pilot Certification (d)(2) If a person holds a pilot

certificate (other than a student pilot certificate) issued under part 61 of this chapter and meets the flight review requirements specified in 61.56, complete an initial training course covering the areas of knowledge specified in 107.74(a) in a manner acceptable to the Administrator. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 29 Remote Pilot Certification Advisory Circular 107-2 Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) is a great resource.

Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 30 Remote Pilot Certification AC 107-2 Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Chapter 6 covers the Remote Pilot Certification process. Section 6.4.1 is for applicants without a Part 61 Certificate. Section 6.4.2 Applicants with Part 61 Certificates. Small UAS Rule Part 107

8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 31 Remote Pilot Certification Quick Reference Guide To obtain a Remote Pilot Certificate with an sUAS rating, choose one of the processes described below (from 14 CFR part 107). Part 61 pilot certificate holders with a current flight review may follow any process. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016

Federal Aviation Administration 32 Remote Pilot Certification Quick Reference Guide If you are not certificated or have not completed a flight review in the preceding 24 calendar months, choose from the two left-hand columns. Visit the References chapter in AC 1072, Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) (as amended) to review more information about each process. Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration

33 Remote Pilot Certification Quick Reference Guide Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 34 Waivable Rules under Part 107

Operation from a moving vehicle or aircraft ( 107.25) Daylight operation ( 107.29) Visual line of sight aircraft operation ( 107.31) Visual observer ( 107.33) Operation of multiple small unmanned aircraft systems ( 107.35) Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 35 Waivable Rules under Part 107

Yielding the right of way ( 107.37(a)) Operation over people ( 107.39) Operation in certain airspace ( 107.41) Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft ( 107.51) Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 36 Waivable Rules under Part 107

Applying For A Waiver Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 37 Part 107 Information www.faa.gov/uas http://www.faa.gov/uas/getting_started/

http://www.faa.gov/uas/where_to_fly/ www.faa.gov/uas/faqs www.faasafety.gov Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 38 Part 107 Inquiries UAS Help Line: 844-FLY-MY-UAS UAS Email: [email protected] Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016

Federal Aviation Administration 39 Questions? www.faa.gov/uas Small UAS Rule Part 107 8/31/2016 Federal Aviation Administration 40

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