LESSON 1: KATRINA STRIKES LESSON 1: KATRINA STRIKES LESSON OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL: 1. DEFINE NATURAL DISASTER. 2. DEVELOP AN EMERGENCY PLAN FOR THEIR FAMILY. 3. DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN NEEDS AND WANTS. 4. IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP SHORT-, INTERMEDIATE-, AND LONG-TERM GOALS. 5. RECOGNIZE THE NEED FOR FINANCIAL PREPAREDNESS IN THE FACE OF A DISASTER. 2 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes HAVE YOU EVER EXPERIENCED A NATURAL DISASTER?
Natural disasters are naturally occurring events that can cause severe threats to the public health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Natural disasters occur all around the world and range in impact. Tornadoes, hurricanes, volcanoes, and earthquakes each have a classification system developed to gauge the intensity of the event by assessing a number of set factors. These classification methods help researchers study disaster patterns. They also help to educate the public and encourage them to plan and prepare for potential disasters. 3 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes FINANCIAL AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Why is it important to prepare for life events or activities in which you want to be successful? Are there sports or activities that you have to prepare for before you can
participate? 5 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes MANAGING RISK THROUGH EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Risk is the uncertainty about the outcome of a situation or event. To manage risk you must identify the sources of risk and estimate potential losses. We take risks every day. The risk from natural disasters, which cannot be eliminated, can in some cases be minimized with adequate planning and preparation. 6 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes PLANNING
Planning helps people make decisions to accomplish their goals. Planning includes managing decisions related to education, earning income, spending, and saving in order to achieve goals. Planning also includes keeping yourself safe in an emergency situation. One of the first important decisions you will need to make is whether to stay where you are or evacuate to a safer location. You should understand and plan for both possibilities. 7 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO PLAN AHEAD FOR AN EMERGENCY? Tornado Natural disasters give little advance warning.
Hurricane Earthquake ? 8 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes EMERGENCY AND FINANCIAL PREPAREDNESS Part of being financially prepared for an emergency is having enough savings to tide you over until life goes back to normal. How much money you will need in an emergency? You can accomplish having enough savings by setting financial goals. 9
Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes GOALS Short-term goals Less than one year Intermediate-term goals One to five years Long-term goals More than five years 10 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes SET GOALS Two Types of Goals Personal Financial Define Spending & Savings Goals Short term Intermediate term
Long term Be SMART Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Time Bound Implement, Review, Revise, Repeat 11 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes WANTS VS. NEEDS A want is something that you desire or would like. Video games Phones iPad A basic need is something you must have to survive. Air Food Water Shelter
Clothing 12 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes WANTS VS NEEDS Wants You medicine for atheitoff You Youpurchase find take purchase move fabulous into trip groceries
gas to atoo dorm the to apartment evacuate beach on for in Your go favorite toaaby dinner with artist your drink water
to stay hydrated. drop stop shoes your are amusic favorite cell phone small coffee and and medical condition. week. campus. during an
campus. emergency. spring friends. releases newbreak. album. they no shop longer hurt for ayour works. beverage. feet Needs You drop your cell phone and it no longer works.
Your shoes are too small and they hurt your feet. Your favorite music artist releases a new album. You purchase medicine for a medical condition. You take a trip to the beach during spring break. You purchase gas to evacuate in an emergency. You go to dinner with your friends. You purchase groceries for the week.
You stop by a favorite coffee shop for a large beverage. You drink water to stay hydrated. You find a fabulous apartment off campus. You move into a dorm on campus. 13 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes SCARCITY AND DECISION MAKING Scarcity Decision Making Opportunity
Cost You have unlimited wants versus limited resources. Prioritize and make decisions. With every decision you make, you must give up something. Opportunity cost is the highest-valued alternative that you give up when you make a decision. 14 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes DECISION MAKING People make decisions by weighing the costs and benefits of alternatives. Costs: The negative outcomes the decision maker identifies Benefits: The positive outcomes the decision maker identifies Costs and benefits can be monetary or non-monetary. Cost-benefit
analysis involves selecting the alternative for which you perceive the most benefits relative to the costs. The consequences of the decisions people make lie in the future. 15 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes LEARNING THROUGH REAL-LIFE EXPERIENCES This video clip provides an overview of the hurricane as well as challenges faced by three students and their families who lived through a natural disaster. They will share what they learned about being financially prepared for an emergency. Nick Jacquelyn Jamie As you watch the video, identify the needs, wants, and goals of the individuals. 16
Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes KATRINA STRIKES 17 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes WORD DESCRIPTION Natural Disaster A naturally occurring event that can cause severe threats to the public health Emergency Preparedness A plan of action put in place prior to a natural disaster or unforeseen
event. Emergency Fund A reserve of cash kept available to meet the costs of any unexpected financial emergency Goals Things we would like to achieve or purchase in the future. Want Something that you desire or would like Basic Need Something you must have to survive Risk The uncertainty about the outcome of a situation or event
Scarcity The concept that we have unlimited wants and needs in a world of limited resources 18 Lesson 1: Katrina Strikes IN SUMMARY Natural disasters are naturally occurring events that can cause severe threats to the public health. A want is something that you desire or would like. A basic need is something you must have to survive. Goals should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time bound. Part of being financially prepared for an emergency is having enough savings to tide you over until life goes back to normal. 20 Katrinas Classroom was developed by a team of
Senior Economic and Financial Education Specialists at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Claire Loup, New Orleans Branch Julie Kornegay, Birmingham Branch Jackie Morgan, Nashville Branch For additional classroom resources and professional development opportunities, please visit www. frbatlanta.org/edresources 21
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