Animals Exhibit Behavior innate behavior - a behavior
Animals Exhibit Behavior innate behavior - a behavior that is preprogrammed into an organisms genes, no learning is required learned behavior - a behavior that is not pre-programmed into an organisms genes, learning this behavior is required. However, the ability to learn requires genes. social behavior - a behavior that includes the interaction between organisms. Can
be learned or innate. Suckling Innate Behavior an innate behavior where mammals receive milk from their mothers
Migration Innate Behavior. an innate behavior where organisms move long distances seasonally to find food or bread
Immigration / Emigration Hibernation Innate Behavior an innate behavior where organisms sleep through the winter to conserve energy This requires storing food in the den or
storing energy as fat. Slow metabolism Estivation Innate Behavior an innate behavior where organisms sleep through long hot dry times to
conserve water and energy Circadian Rhythms Innate Behavior an innate behavior where organisms remain fixed to an internal clock.
Some animals are nocturnal. Taxis Innate Behavior Moving towards something it needs to survive. Phototaxis organisms moving toward
the light. Imprinting Learned Behavior or Innate Behavior? The first thing a newborn sees will be imprinted as its mother. The chicks will follow the mother everywhere. Scientists can get chicks to imprint them as the
mother. The chicks will follow the scientist around. Habituation Learned Behavior. The organism stops responding to a stimuli in the environment. The bear will be naturally afraid of humans, but when it gets food
near humans and comes into contact frequently it is no longer afraid. Habituation Learned Behavior. The organism stops responding to a stimuli in the environment.
The chick sees a shadow and dives into the nest thinking it is a raptor. Over time it learns to ignore some shadows because they are harmless. Operant Conditioning
Learned Behavior. Associate an abnormal behavior with a reward or consequence. Rat rings a bell and gets food when the green light is lit. Rat gets shocked when the red light is lit.
Classical Conditioning Learned Behavior Pavlovs Dog Associate an abnormal stimulus with a normal
behavior. Trial and Error Learned Behavior. The organism keeps trying and failing until it learns to do it right. Courtship Social Behaviors
Behaviors that animals do to impress a mate. Male Birds of Paradise have many feathers and dances to court a mate. Territorial Defense Social Behavior. Animals will fight to keep other animals out of its territory. This maintains the
food and mate supply. Male Siamese fighting fish will fight to the death. Communication Social Behavior. Pheromones chemical signals that can be detected and used for communication.
Ants leave a pheromone trail for other ants to follow. Dancing bees dance to tell other bees where the good flowers are. Sounds Animals will use sounds to warn of danger, cry for a mother, or talk to each other. How do innate behavior patterns function as adaptations for animals? Give some examples in your answers.
How are learned behaviors of greater adaptive value than innate behaviors? What is the value of learning?
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