assessment Self Silicon is in the same group

assessment Self  Silicon is in the same group

assessment Self Silicon is in the same group of the periodic table as Carbon- What makes it less adaptable than carbon as central

organizing element? Lead also belongs to the same group. Nobody predicted life based on lead. Give reason based on chemistry and physical properties The ancient Roman civilization used lead piping to supply water. It is believed that the reason for the

downfall of this great civilization was due to lead poisoning. Lead is a neurotoxin. How does the concentration of lead increase in the body? Why are the elements C, H, O and N especially suitable to be lifes molecules?- Choose the best one a) Because they are abundant in the environment

b) They can able to form bonds with each other and themselves c) They are not heavy metals d) All of them Self assessment Medicines are often administered in pill form.

In many cases, the active ingredient of the pill (the drug) is joined to another substance by ----------------. This forms a ------------------, which is stable in the dry environment of a pill bottle, but dissociates under the aqueous conditions of the digestive system to release the drug to the body. Choose the best option a) b) c)

d) Ionic bond ; Salt Hydrogen bond : Base Ionic bonds : Acid Covalent bond : Salt Concept check Why does the structure H-C=C-H fail to make sense chemically? Why is highly unlikely to find two neighbouring

water molecules bonded in the mentioned fashion here? What would be the effect on the properties of water if oxygen and hydrogen had equal electronegativity? Concept check Paclitaxel is a anticancer drug. The structure of the Paclitaxel is given

Label in the structure the hydrophobic part of paclitaxel: Label in the structure where it can make hydrogen bonds: Is this molecule is water soluble ? lipophilic ? both ? explain Can it form covalent bond ? Ionic bond ? explain: Concept check Two different structures are given here. One is partially water soluble antimicrobial drug erythromycin and the other one a corticosteroid called dexamethasone. If both of them put in a common solvent at neutral pH, how do they interact with each

other? Can they make covalent bond? Can they make ionic bond with each other? Can they make vander Waals force of interaction? Is it possible Hydrogen bonding between the two drugs? Concept check Two different structures are given here. One is partially water soluble antimicrobial drug erythromycin and the other one a corticosteroid called dexamethasone. If both of them put in a

common solvent at neutral pH, how do they interact with each other? Can they make ionic bond with each other? Can they make vander Waals force of interaction? Is it possible Hydrogen bonding between the two drugs? Concept check Concept check Label the interactions 1 and 2 between the active site and substrate in

the figure shown here. Concept check Concept check Write the formula for Tamiflue Number of Carbon atoms Number of Hydrogen atoms Number of Nitrogen atoms Number of oxygen atoms

Which are the following bond types in Tamiflu capable of forming with a suitable molecule? Hydrogen Bond, Ionic Bond, van der Waals forces Concept check Burning of your fingers by touching the side of an iron pot on the stove when water in the pot is still lukewarm. Concept check 1. Many insects are able to walk on the water surface of a

pond without breaking the surface. Suggest the explanation. Is it possible for them to sit on kerosene? 2. Phospholipid produce in contact with water a. Monolayer b. Bilayer c. Tri-layer d. Membrane e. All of the above f. None of the above Concept check Sodium benzoate is an inhibitor of fungus, often used as a food preservative. How it is solvated in aqueous solution

A message was received from a group of researchers, who were looking for the probability of existence of alien life forms on Mars. They found an unusual life form and the cell membrane of that life form is depicted in the figure a. A student requested to send this life form to earth, but the request was rejected stating that this life form is not possible to survive on earth. Why have they told like that? Concept check Write the formula for Tamiflue

Number of Carbon atoms Number of Nitrogen atoms Number of oxygen atoms Which are the following bond types in Tamiflu capable of forming with a suitable molecule? Hydrogen Bond, Ionic Bond, van der Waals forces Concept check list of biological

Given below is a polymers. Indicate which of the properties will apply. Each polymer may have multiple properties and hence a given property may be used more than once Polymers: (a) Cellulose; (b) Amylose; (c) Amylopectin Properties: (i) Branched chain polymer (ii) Storage carbohydrate (iii) 1,6 linkage (iv) Glycosidic bond (v) Cable like microfibrils (vi) Polysaccharide Concept

Analyze the following check diagram Amylopectin Cellulose Are the linkages in the compounds (a) and (b) are same? Explain Is the enzyme which can hydrolyze (a) will work for

Concept check What type of linkage is present? Explain. What could be the role of hydroxyl group present in this molecule? Concept check Compare the composition, structure and function of starch and cellulose. What role do starch and cellulose play in human body.

After a cow given antibiotics to treat an infection, a veterinary doctor gives the animal a drink of gut culture containing necessary? various

prokaryotes. Why is 1 2 3 A protein works as a transmembrane

protein and a part of the protein traverses the phospholipid bilayer as is illustrated in the figure below. State which amino acids in this protein will be present in area 1, 2 and 3? Concept List the strongest type of interactions that occur between the side check chain groups of the following amino acids. Choose from covalent bonds, Ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds or Vander Waals interactions.

For structures use the attached figure (i) Aspartic acid, Lysine Asparagine, serine (ii): Isoleucine, Valine (iii): Concept A 2000 amino acid protein forms a tertiary structure. Lysine is at

check the 38th position and forms ionic bond with the amino acid at 43rd position. Name the suitable amino acid at 43rd position. Leucine is present at 112th position and it interacts with the amino acid at 106th positon to form vander Waal forces of interaction. Name the suitable amino acid at 106th position. Concept Below picture you can see different form of protein structure. check Identify the structure and name the diverse interactions between

the molecules. Analyze the figure and answer the following questions: a) The figure illustrates _______structure of protein (Choose from primary, secondary, tertiary or quaternary). b) Label the interactions mentioned in the figure 1, 2, 3 and 4. c) If hydrophobic amino acids in the part 4 of the protein were modified to serine would the protein folding be affected? Why? Refer to the amino acid structure d) If the protein is heated, which bonds will break first amongst the bonds mentioned in the figure? Why?

Concept The specific binding of a substrate to an enzymes involves the formation of multiple non-covalent bonds.check In the given diagram two amino acid residues of ribonuclease (the enzyme) bind with uracil (the substrate). How uracil binds with the enzyme? How many bonds are there? The same enzyme can work for other pyrimidines such as cytosine and thymine? Explain The figure depicts a transmembrane protein that helps in transport of maltose from extracellular to intracellular area. Four parts of the proteins are labelled. Out of the following list (figure 4),

point out the amino acids which are permissible in the labelled areas 1, 2, 3 and 4. The figure shows a protein structure, when dissolved in salt water. A line indicates a hydrophilic region and a box represents a hydrophobic region (as shown in the picture) Why do you think the protein might fold this way when dissolved in salt water? How do you think the protein might fold differently if it were dissolved in cooking oil?

Concept check Consider the following inter conversion that occurs in glycolysis. Fructose 6-phosphate glucose 6- phosphate For this reaction (Equilibrium), Equilibrium constant K= [product]/[reactant] = 1.97. a. What is Go for the reaction b. b. If the concentration of fructose 6-phosphate is adjusted

to 1.5 M and that of glucose 6-phosphate is adjusted to 0.50 M, what is G

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