Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Steve Ruberg

Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Steve Ruberg

Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Steve Ruberg Observing Systems & Advanced Technology 1/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Presentation Outline Great Lakes Meteorological Technology Transition SOAR Project - Enterprise Architecture Study - Hypoxia Monitoring/Warning System - HABs Project Overview - Remote Sensing Time Series - Nutrient Monitoring Network (Johengen Tour) - Hyperspectral Sensor Development (Vander Woude Tour)

Summary / Future Plans 2/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition ReCON Station Locations: MET Stations Stations with Webcams Stannard Rock Light E.C. Stations (Evaporation) Spec Reef Light GLERL Buoys (seasonal) White Shoal Light Alpena Thunder Bay Is. Thunder Bay NWS Transition Milwaukee x2 Saginaw Bay Muskegon SOAR HABs Chicago South Haven Cleveland (R2X) Michigan City

Toledo Channel SOAR Hypoxia 3/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Filling Observational Gaps: Minimal coastal coverage PILM4 45136 45001 ROAM4 45004 45006 STDM4 DISW3 ~ 1998 45154 Key: 45003 45137 45002 NDBC Buoys (9) NDBC C-MAN Stations 45143 (7)

Canadian Buoys (11) GLERL (0) NWS (0) Total Stations = 27 45008 SGNW3 45012 45159 45149 45135 45139 45007 45132 LSCM4 45147 SBIO1 45142 DBLN6 45005 4/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Filling Observational Gaps: NWS collaboration Improved forecast validation, wave and circulation model wind inputs

PILM4 45136 45001 ROAM4 45004 45006 STDM4 DISW3 45154 Real-time Observation Stations ~ 2004 45003 Key: 45143 NDBC Buoys (9) NDBC C-MAN Stations (7) 45137 45002 45008 SGNW3 Canadian Buoys (11) GLERL (7) NWS (0) 45135

45139 MKGM4 MLWW3 45007 KNSW3 SAUM4 45132 LSCM4 Total Stations = 34 45012 45159 45149 CHII2 45147 45142 DBLN6 SVNM4 SBIO1 45005 MCYI3 5/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Filling Observational Gaps: Technology Transition

GLERL transitions to regional NWS Weather Forecast Offices PILM4 45136 SLVM5 ROAM4 KGNA 45001 KP59 STDEC 45006 DISW3 PNGW3 PCLM4 45004 STDM4 GTRM4 WFPM 4 BIGM4 OTNM4 SXHW3 Real-time Observation Stations ~ 2015 WSLM4

NPDW3 SRLM4 PRIM4 GTLM4 45002 45003 APNM4 GBLW3 45137 TBIM4 SYWW3 45162 AGMW3 SPTM4 MEBM4 BSBM4 GSLM4 SGNW3 SBLM4 45143 TAWM4 KP58 45008

45163 OLCN6 45161 45139 PSCM4 MKGM4 SAUM4 45132 LSCM4 WHRI2 RPRN6 NIAN6 45007 KNSW3 45135 45012 45159 45149 PWAW3 MLWW3 Total Stations = 85 45154

NABM4 FPTM4 CBRW3 Key: NDBC Buoys (9) NDBC C-MAN Stations (7) Canadian Buoys (11) GLERL (15) NWS (43) GRMM4 KP53 45142 DBLN6 45147 NWS views the GLERL Demonstration Network as a tremendous success. The demo network was actually a catalyst for NWS expanding the Great Lakes coastal observation network. NWS put quite a bit of money into duplicating the GLERL network. The sensors and data acquisition systems turned out to be exceptionally robust. - Richard Wagenmaker, Meteorologist in Charge, Detroit GELO1 SVNM4 CHII2 SJOM4 CNII2 THLO1 SBIO1

45005 BARN6 CBLO1 MCYI3 BHRI3 HHLO1 6/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Developing Observing Systems Capacity for HABs and Hypoxia Synthesis Observations and Response (SOAR) Project Observations Satellites Data Telemetry Data Mgmt and Communications Modeling and Analysis Data / Information Products and Services Hypoxia Monitoring and Warning DMAC HAB Seasonal

Forecasting Aircraft Metadata standards Data discovery HAB Monitoring Fixed Platforms Data transport Ships Online browsing Drifters and Floats Data Archival AUVs Enterprise Architecture Framework Technology Architecture Data Architecture Hyperspectral HAB Detection & Mapping Nutrient Monitoring Network Adaptive Management Applications Architecture 7/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition

Development of a Hypoxia Warning/Monitoring System Lower oxygen levels Partial upwelling combined with hypoxic water can impact drinking water processing for about 2 million coastal residents Real-time observations allow managers time to implement alternative processing Example of yellow water Cleveland OH ReCON Buoy Water Intakes 8/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Hypoxia Warning/Monitoring System Cleveland Water Dept. (CWD) Decision Criteria: 1. Real-time buoy indicates hypolimnion oxygen levels below 2 mg/l. Decision: stage KMnO4 and increase monitoring from 2 hours to 30 minutes. 2. Coastal surface currents forecast or detection of Mn at intake Decision: change treatment technique to include pre-oxidation with KMnO4 Currents: Great Lakes Coastal Forecasting System Transitioned to GLOS Regional Association for operations Funded by CWD Buoy deployed by LimnoTech Sustainable ecosystem monitoring

for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Adaptive Management Process 9/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition An integrated approach to studying HABs 10/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition SOAR HABs Project Components Seasonal Forecast Satellite-derived HAB: Cyanobacteria Index algorithm Satellite HAB area estimation Time-series Nutrient Monitoring Airborne Hyperspectral Sensor Development MODIS Aqua Satellite-derived HABs HAB Tracker Particle/Circulation Model 9/29/14 11/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Observing HAB Trends

R2A: HAB summary provided to EPA for GLRI adaptive management process and report to Congress 12/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Establishing Western Lake Erie Nutrient Monitoring Capacity Continuous Parameters: SRP, Temp, Cond, CHL, PC, Turbidity, CDOM, pH, DO R2A Optical sensor data transitioned to GLOS HAB data portal in 2016 Annex 4 assessment of phosphorus loads 13/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition Water Leaving Radiance (W/m2/str) Hyperspectral Detection of Cyanobacteria Using Resonon Pika II Sensor 0 300 400 500 600 700 800

900 Wavelength (nm) 14/16 OSAT | Observing Systems Research and Technology Transition SUMMARY/FUTURE WORK SOAR project buoys developed as an extension of the ReCON project Hypoxia Warning/Monitoring System transitioned into operations through GLOS with industry partner Hypoxia and nutrient monitoring buoy data contributing to Annex 4 adaptive management feedback and HABs information for water intake managers Continue hyperspectral flyovers to detect, map and classify HABs - plan for UAS integration Continue optical property characterization and begin VIIRS / Sentinal 3 calibration/validation 15/16 Questions

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