Click to edit Master title style Kristopher Rhodes

Click to edit Master title style Kristopher Rhodes

Click to edit Master title style Kristopher Rhodes The Realities of Law Enforcement Defensive Tactics Training

Introduction Brief Bio 10 years experience Police Officer

25 years Martial Arts experience; 20 years teaching Attended Defensive Tactics Instructor School First Certified Instructor Martial Blade Concepts/Counter Blade Concepts in the South Eastern United States Currently teaches Counter Blade Concepts for Law Enforcement Purpose Educate

General Public Media Courts Attorneys and Judges Police Officers Management

Certification Organizations Why is this research important? Change expectations Catalyst of Research How many hours does it take to be considered highly trained?

10,000 hours to be considered highly trained (Outliers) Cited Erickson study incorrectly Several studies contradict information cited in Outliers, i.e. Ericksons study Erickson study on Chess Players 2,000-25,000 hours

The Reality of Law Enforcment Training The Reality of Law Enforcement Training The Reality of Law Enforcement Training NYPD Training Video NYPD retraining Virginia Law Enforcement DT Training Hours

Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services requires a minimum of 40 hours Most Departments give recruits 80-100 hours of training in Defensive Tactics In service training may be required with Acreditted Agencies Some Departments only require 8 hours of In service training

Is this enough to be considered highly trained? Doubling the Training Hours 100 hours is the highest number of hours Double to 200 hours Is this enough hours of training to be considered highly trained? Law Enforcement Education/Training

Be honest about training Limited training hours Difficult if not impossible to control an individual by the arm Pain compliance does not always work Increase focus on scenario training Increase in communication training Reduce need to be right; maintenance of

authority Listen and respond dont just order Comparing Doubled Hours to a Martial Artist Average Martial Artist Train between 2-10 hours/week 2 hours/week training 200 hours in 100 weeks or approximately 2 years

10 hours/week training 200 hours in 20 weeks or 5 months Solution Two Prong Approach General Public

Law Enforcement General Public Education Graham v. Connor Realities of controlling a non-compliant individual

Realities of Law Enforcement Training No legal right to resist arrest References Ericcson, K. A., Krampe, R. T., & Tesch-Romer, C. (1993). The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance. Psychology Review, 100(3). Retrieved from http://projects.ict.usc.edu/itw/gel/EricssonDeliberate PracticePR93.pdf Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. New

York: Little, Brown and. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.vsp.state.va.us/Employment_Trooper_Rec ruitment_Training.shtm Research Forum, P. E. (n.d.). CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICING SERIES Re-Engineering Training On Police Use of Force. Retrieved from http://www.policeforum.org/ assets/reengineeringtraining1.pdf

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