Developing Technology for NASA Earth Science Technology Strategy
Developing Technology for NASA Earth Science Technology Strategy Panel, 50th Goddard Memorial Symposium March 28, 2012 Robert Bauer Deputy Director Earth Science Technology Office Topics Earth Science at NASA Earth Science Technology Program Incorporating Strategic Direction Technology Challenges Conclusions 2 Earth Science at NASA Overarching goal: to advance Earth System science, including climate studies, through spaceborne data acquisition, research and analysis, and predictive modeling Six major activities: Building and operating Earth observing satellite missions, many with international and interagency partners Making high-quality data products available to the broad science community Conducting and sponsoring cutting-edge research Field campaigns to complement satellite measurements Analyses of non-NASA mission data Modeling Applied Science Developing technologies to improve Earth observation capabilities Education and Public Outreach 3 NASA Earth Science Major Operating Satellites
Science Areas and Measurements Weather Tropospheric Winds Atmospheric Temperature and Water Vapor Cloud Particle Properties Water & Energy Cycle Earth Surface & Interior Land Surface Topography Atmospheric Water Vapor Surface Deformation River Stage Height Terrestrial Reference Frame Carbon Cycle & Ecosystems Cloud System Structure Storm Cell Properties Climate Variability Atmospheric Composition Biomass Aerosol Properties
Vegetation Canopy Total Aerosol Amount Fuel Quality & Quantity Ocean Surface Currents Cloud Particle Properties CO2 & Methane Deep Ocean Circulation Cloud System Structure Trace Gas Sources Sea Ice Thickness Ozone Vertical Profile & Total Column Ozone Land Cover & Use Ice Surface Topography Surface Gas Concentrates Terrestrial & Marine Productivity 5 Earth Science Technology: Program Elements The Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) is a science-driven, competed, actively managed technology program. Competitive, peer-reviewed proposals enable selection of best-of-class technology investments that retire risk before major dollars are invested: a cost-effective approach to technology
development and validation. ESTO investment elements include: Observation Technologies: Instrument Incubator Program (IIP) provides robust new instruments and measurement techniques Advanced Component Technologies (ACT) provides development of critical component and subsystem technologies for instruments and platforms Information Technologies: Advanced Information Systems Technology (AIST) provides innovative on-orbit and ground capabilities for communication, processing, and management of remotely sensed data and the efficient generation of data products and knowledge 6 NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions (ASCENDS) Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HYSPIRI) LIDAR Surface Topography
(LIST) Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice (Radar) (DESDynI -R) Pre-Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (PACE) Ice, Cloud,and land Elevation Satellite II (ICESat-II) Near Term Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) Precipitation and All-Weather Temperature and Humidity (PATH) Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment - II (GRACE - II) Snow and Cold
Land Processes (SCLP) Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (ACE) Global Atmospheric Composition Mission (GACM) Three-Dimensional Winds from Space Lidar (3D-Winds) Far Term NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions Spatial elevation mapping laser system Single channel lidar with GPS navigation and pointing LIDAR Surface Topography (LIST) Laser satellite-tosatellite interferometer Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment - II (GRACE - II) Ice, Cloud,and land Elevation Satellite II (ICESat-II)
Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions (ASCENDS) 1.57 and 2.06 m bands, 200m swath Lasers Multibeam cross-track dual-wavelength lidar Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (ACE) Coherent and noncoherent hybrid Doppler wind lidar Three-Dimensional Winds from Space Lidar (3D-Winds) NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) L-band synthetic Aperture radar Ku-band near-nadir synthetic aperture radar and Ku-band nadir-looking radar altimeter
Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice (Radar) (DESDynI -R) L-band Radar Dual-mode X- and Ku-band synthetic aperture radar Cross-track scanning cloud radar Radars Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (ACE) Snow and Cold Land Processes (SCLP) NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions UVLIDAR to VisSurface moderate resolution hyperspectral Topographyimager; High resolution(LIST) coastal event imager; and IR CO radiometer Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Pre-Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (PACE)
Multispectral polarimetric imager (aerosols); UV to NIR spectrometer (ocean color) Vis to SWIR hyperpectral imager; Multispectral thermal imager Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HYSPIRI) UV to SWIR hyperspectral radiometric imager; IR to Far IR spectral radiometer Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) UV to IR spectrometers Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (ACE) Passive Optics Global Atmospheric Composition Mission (GACM) NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions 50 to 183 GHz thinned array
radiometer (temp. and humidity) L-band radiometer Precipitation and All-Weather Temperature and Humidity (PATH) Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Snow and Cold Land Processes (SCLP) K and Ka-band radiometers (snow-water equivalent) Microwave limb sounder (atmospheric chemistry) Global Atmospheric Composition Mission (GACM) Passive Microwave NASA Earth Science Decadal Survey Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) LIDAR Surface
Topography (LIST) Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice (Radar) (DESDynI -R) Pre-Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (PACE) Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions (ASCENDS) Ice, Cloud,and land Elevation Satellite II (ICESat-II) Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HYSPIRI) Lasers Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Radars Climate Absolute Radiance and
Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) Precipitation and All-Weather Temperature and Humidity (PATH) Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment - II (GRACE - II) Snow and Cold Land Processes (SCLP) Aerosol Cloud Ecosystems (ACE) Passive Optics Global Atmospheric Composition Mission (GACM) Three-Dimensional Winds from Space Lidar (3D-Winds) Passive Microwave Science Driven: Enabling the Earth Science Decadal Survey 2007 2009 2010 2011 Upon publication of the Earth Science Decadal Survey in 2007, ESTO investments already supported all 18 of the recommended mission concepts. Since then, ESTO has awarded 107 additional
technology projects representing an investment of over $211M directly related to the Earth Science priorities outlined by the Decadal Survey (including AIST11 selections not yet identified below). Tier I Tier II Information Systems Investments Direct Applicability Instrument Technology Investments planned aircraft testing Tier III planned balloon testing Component Technology Investments Information Systems Investments Secondary Applicability (note: component and information systems investments may apply to more than one mission) CO2 Column Measurement (instrument investments) 2.0 m CW CO2 Laser Sounder 2010-11 ASCENDS Science Definition Airborne Experiments 1.6 m Pulsed CO2 Laser Sounder Abshire ATI-99, IIP-04, IIP-07 1.6 m CW CO2 Laser Sounder Dobbs ACT-08 Airborne Airborne Validations
Validations Menzies IIP-98, Phillips ACT-08 ASCENDS Mission Broadband Lidar Heaps IIP-07 2.0 m Pulsed CO2 DIAL Ismail IIP-04, LRRP Technology Development Ground Demonstration Demonstrations / Campaigns Science Measurements Key Technology Challenges Active Remote Sensing Technologies to enable atmospheric, cryospheric and earth surface measurements Atmospheric chemistry using lidar Large Deployables to enable weather, vertical future profiles climate and natural hazards measurements Ice cap, glacier, ice, and snow Temperature,water vapor, and sea precipitation from
characterization using radar and lidar geostationary orbit Tropospheric vector winds using lidar Soil moistureand sea surface salinity using L-band Information Knowledge Capture through 3-D Intelligent Distributed Systems visualization, using advanced communication, on-board processors, holographic memory and seamlessly Surface control, deformation and vegetationand using radar autonomous network data compression, high density storage linked models. Long-term weather and climate prediction linking observations to models
Intelligent data fusion to merge multi-mission data Interconnected sensor webs that share information to enhance observations Information Knowledge Capture Discovery tools to extract knowledge from large and through 3-D visualization, holographic complex data sets memory and seamlessly linked models. Real time science processing, archiving, and distribution of user products 15 Conclusions The technology strategy for Earth science is driven by scientific guidance. Technology investments are specifically targeted toward Decadal Survey mission and measurement concepts. A portfolio of competitively selected awards is reducing risk and improving measurement concepts. 16
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