Stress The human reaction to events in our

Stress  The human reaction to events in our

Stress The human reaction to events in our environment. Wear and tear on our body. Eustress Good Stress Getting into college Winning the lottery Getting engaged Distress

Bad Stress Difficult work environment Overwhelming sights or sounds Threat of personal injury General Stress Everyone has this kind It resolves itself in a day or two No intervention required Cumulative Stress Stress builds up in your body

It becomes more difficult to alleviate symptoms You have more serious physical symptoms You have more serious mental anguish Acute Traumatic Stress Critical incident stress Produces considerable psychological distress A normal reaction to abnormal

events Post-Traumatic Stress Severs stressed produced by severe psychological trauma Created by unresolved critical incident Produced lasting changes Sympathetic Nervous System Sympathetic Nervous System

brain hypothalamus via blood circulation pituitary gland adrenal gland

epinephrine cortisol glucose metabolism behavioral alertness via the

nerves sympathetic nervous system blood flow & pressure Stress Effects of long term release of cortisol Increased blood pressure Inhibits inflammatory response Suppresses immune system

Damages brain cells Learning is Enhanced by Challenge & Inhibited by Threat The brains priority is always survival - at the expense of higher order thinking Stress should be kept to a manageable level Provide opportunities to grow and to make changes Have high, but reasonable

expectations Stress & Learning The stress-brain loop Attention Perception Short-term memory Learning Word finding Chronic Stress Inadequate sleep

Poor nutrition Emotional distress Cellular changes in the hippocampus Increases glucocorticoids Decreased regulation of cortisol Brain Organizes Memory In

Different Ways Retrieval often depends upon how the information was stored. Relevancy is one key to both storage and retrieval Provide and get examples Connect to what students know, what they are interested in Make learning meaningful Memory

When objects and events are registered by several senses, they can be stored in several interrelated memory networks. This type of memory becomes more accessible and powerful. Conversation helps us link ideas/thoughts to our own related memories. Students need time for this to happen!!

Storytelling Debates Simulations Games - Conversations - Role playing - Songs - Films Learning & Memory

Stimulus Sensory organs perception Sensory Memory (millisecond-1) repetition attention Short-Term Memory Working Memory (< 1 minute)

Long-Term Memory ( days, months, years) forgetting Learning & Memory Sensory Memory: A sensory memory exists for each sensory channel: iconic memory for visual stimuli echoic memory for aural stimuli haptic memory for touch

Information sensory memory short-term memory by attention, thereby filtering the stimuli to only those which are of interest at a given time. Learning & Memory Short-term Memory: acts as a scratch-pad for temporary recall of the information under process can contain at any one time

seven, plus or minus two, "chunks" of information lasts around twenty seconds. QUIZ NEXT SLIDE Short-term Memory Quiz (30 sec) eggs drawing rock apple focus mission

favor ice brain flag trial partner house life chair Techniques to Help Memory

Encoding in Long-term Memory: Organizing Practicing Spacing Making meaning Emotionally engaging Techniques to Help Memory

Define the gist - OVERVIEW Sequence events Plot out pictorially the information Tell the information to others in own words - TALK Peer teaching/tutoring Amplify by giving examples Use multiple parts of the brain (emotional, factual, physical) Auditory, Visual, Kinesthetic, Talk

Combine Use color effectively Yellow and orange as attention-getters The Brain is a Social Brain The brain develops better in concert with others When students have to talk to others about information, they retain the information longer and more efficiently! Make use of small

groups, discussions, teams, pairings, and question and answer situations. How Can You Manage Your Stress Avoid stressful situations Change how you

react to stress Avoid extremes Set priorities Set realistic goals Manage how stress affects you Change how you see the situation Take control of the situation

Try relaxation techniques Figure out whats important Healthy Lifestyle Considerations Diet Lower salt intake Lower intake of refined sugars and

carbs Lower caffeine intake Add fruit, veggies, complex carbs, vitamins, and water Healthy Lifestyle Considerations Rest Get 6 hours minimum of continuous rest

Healthy Lifestyle Considerations Exercise 30-60 minutes of aerobic exercise a day Healthy Lifestyle Considerations General Talk things out Make an increased effort to organize your life Delegate things when needed

Ask for help Healthy Lifestyle Considerations Relax!!! Fill your life with fun things to do. Keep your sense of humor Take charge of your life Find a balance. Make this part of your daily routine.

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