PLANT CLASSIFICATION - Seneca Valley School District

PLANT CLASSIFICATION - Seneca Valley School District

Butterwort: Carnivorous PLANT CLASSIFICATION PLANT CLASSIFICATION I.

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY A. TISSUE TYPES 1. Herbaceous* soft green tissue * dies off in winter HERBACEOUS EXAMPLES

PLANT CLASSIFICATION A. Tissue Types 2. Woody * produces wood * continual growth year after year

WOODY EXAMPLES PLANT CLASSIFICATION I. General Terminology

B. LEAVES 1. Deciduous * leafless during a portion of the year DECIDUOUS EXAMPLES PLANT CLASSIFICATION

I. General Terminology B. Leaves 2. EVERGREEN * holds leaves throughout year EVERGREEN EXAMPLES

PLANT CLASSIFICATION I. General Terminology C. Life Cycles 1. Annual *complete life cycle in 1 year

* seed to seed PLANT CLASSIFICATION I. General Terminology C. Life Cycles

2. Biennial: * complete life cycle in 2 years PLANT CLASSIFICATION I. General Terminology

C. Life Cycles 3. Perennial: grows indefinitely from year to year PLANT CLASSIFICATION II. Scientific Plant Classification A. Kingdom Plantae 1. Nonvascular Plants

* lack tubes for transport of water and nutrients * small size, lack flowers, moist habitats * mosses, liverworts, hornworts MOSS

Liverwort Hornwort PLANT CLASSIFICATION II. Scientific Plant Classification A. Kingdom Plantae

2. Vascular Plants: * contain tubes for water and nutrient transport * XYLEM and PHLOEM tissue VASCULAR EXAMPLES

Kingdom Plantae Non vascular Vascular Lack vascular system Small size

Spore plants Lack true stems, roots, leaves, flowers 1st land plants400MYA Seed Plants

SEED PLANTS GYMNOSPERMS naked seed Pines, firs, spruce Conifers

ANGIOSPERMS * enclosed seed in ovary (fruit) * flowering plants ANGIOSPERMS MONOCOTS

DICOTS MONOCOTS 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. Flowers in petals of 3 (3, 6, 9) Veins in leaf parallel Roots fibrous and shallow Stem tissue unorganized/sprinkled

throughout 50,000 species: corn, banana, wheat, rye, grass, bamboo, orchid DICOTS 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. Flowers petals in 4s or 5s Veins in leaf branched Roots: taproot, deep

Stem tissue: organized 200,000 species: peanut, bean, carrot, rose, potato, melon, apple Journal Entry # 1 1-27-16 Plant Classification Find 4 species examples for each of the following using

Hadleys seed catalogs. SHOW ME WHEN DONE!! 1. Herbaceous 2. Woody 3. Deciduous

4. Evergreen 5. Annual 6. 7.

Biennial (2 Perennial ONLY)

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