The Sophists Logos the Mighty Potentate Protagoras fragment 6b . . . to make the weaker argument (logos) the stronger . . . The Lawsuit in NYS Court Plaintiff (BU instructor) Defendant (student) The University hearing went against the student the student must pay. But what if she/he had won? Then, obviously, I did my job so well
that he/she can beat me at my own game. The students case falls apart. The student must pay. But if I had originally failed to make a convincing case (which I did), then clearly, Scholtz didnt do his job. The plaintiffs case falls apart and I dont have to pay. But if I had made a convincing case, then Ill have won already at the outset. Either way, I owe them nothing. 2-Mar 2017
Sophists 3 Questions You as juror find for Why? But do their arguments differ? Plaintiff?
Defendant? How does each expect to win? 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 4 Agenda Recap and Update
Doxa in the Air Journal Entries Discussion Democracy in Crisis, Sophistic Protagoras, Gorgias The Sophists and You 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 6 Recap and Update
Democracy in Crisis, Sophistic Democracy and its Discontents Themes Theory Michels Sophists New Politicians Stasis
Recovery Iron Law of Oligarchy Weber Charismatic authority Finley Critique 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 8 Finleys Critique (of Weber, Michels)
1. Athens atypical. Weberian typology inadequate. 2. Demagogues rare. 3. Position of demagogue unstable. 4. Webers-Michels oligarchic democracy requires mass apathy. What counts is that the people expected results and at times, sometimes for long periods, felt satisfied with them (Ancient History p. 98). 2-Mar 2017
Sophists 9 Sophist, Word Notes Word Notes Characteristics Sophia Professional teacher Sophist (sophists) Curriculum. . . household Sophistic (sophistik management tekhn)
Protagoras Gorgias doxa (appearances) Gorgias Protagoras Antiphon ETHICS epideixis POLITICS, EDUCATION All of above
Nature (phusis) v. convention (nomos) Antiphon Archelaus of Athens 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 11 Doxa in the Air Protagoras, Gorgias Protagorean Relativism 1 (ontology) REALITY =
(epistemology) KNOWLEDGE = doxa appearances doxa opinion Human beings are the measure of all things: of the things that are, that they are, of the things that are not, that they are not. 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 13 Protagorean Relativism 2
For every ... debate there are two positions (logoi) (fr. 6a) . . . to make the weaker argument (logos) the stronger . . . (fr. 6b) Good speakers make the good instead of the evil seem just (Plato Theaetetus 167b) 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 14
Gorgias: On Being Nothing exists But if it did, unknowable But if knowable, incommunicable So what do we communicate? 2-Mar 2017 Sophists 15 Logos in the Helen Manipulating. . . Through. . .
Word pictures (eidla) Word magic (mageia) Appearances (doxa) Opinions (doxa) Emotions (path) Actions (praxeis) Sophistic as pharmakon (drug/poison), sophistic as antidote
2-Mar 2017 Sophists 16 Journal Entries Discussion The Sophists and You Journal Prompt Record your personal reactions/responses to a sophist or sophists of your choice. What do you think about his/their ideas? What do you want to say to him/them? What do you think theyd say back to you?
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