Paris Climate Conference - University Unitarian Church

Paris Climate Conference - University Unitarian Church

Paris Climate Conference Dr. William McPherson What Are These People Protesting? ENB Vol. 12 No. 647 - Bonn Climate Change Conference - October 2015 How Do INDCs Add Up?

What about 2C? compared to unchecked global warming, keeping the temperature rise below 2C would reduce heatwaves by 89%, flooding by 76%, cropland decline by 41% and water stress by 26%. Source: Guardian, November 9, 2015

History 1972: United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. UNEP Established 1988: IPCC founded by UNEP and WMO 1992: Rio Summit (UNCED): UNFCCC signed (GHW Bush) and Ratified Unanimously by U.S. Senate

1997: Kyoto Protocol (Entered into force in 2005) 2010: Cancun Agreement: 2C 2011: Durban Program: Post 2020 Commitments What Do They Talk About? ENB Vol. 12 No. 647 - Bonn Climate Change Conference - October 2015 Bonn, Germany

Draft Agreement Draftagreementanddraftdecision on workstreams1and2of theAdHoc Working Group on theDurban Platformfor Enhanced Action http://unfccc.int/files/bodies/application/pdf/[email protected] Work of theADP contact group Version of 23 October [email protected]:30hrs1

A. DRAFT AGREEMENT [The Parties to this Agreement, Pp1 Being Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, hereinafter referred to as "the Convention",

Pp2 In furtherance][pursuit] of the objective, [principles and provisions] of the Convention [as set out in Articles 2, 3 and 4], [including the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities^ and respective capabilities in light of different national circumstances,]] Pp3 Recalling decisions 1/CP.17, 2/CP.18, 1/CP.19, and 1/CP 20,

Pp4 [Taking account of the [particular vulnerabilities and specific needs of][particularly vulnerable][urgent and immediate needs and special circumstances of] developing country Parties, especially [those that are particularly vulnerable, including] the least developed country (LDC) Parties[ and other Parties identified in Article 4.8 of the Convention], small island developing states (SIDS) [, small mountainous developing states] and Africa, [and the central American isthmus]][Taking full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries and small island developing states arising from the adverse impacts of climate change],

Pp5 [Recognizing the intrinsic relationship between climate change, poverty eradication and sustainable development and reaffirming that the response to climate change should be coordinated with social and economic development [in an integrated manner ]with a view to avoiding adverse impacts [of response measures on the latter], taking into full account the legitimate priority [needs] of developing countries and their rights to equitable access to sustainable development for the achievement of sustained economic growth and the eradication of poverty,] [recognizing the importance of promoting social and economic development in harmony with nature as the fundamental requirement to address climate change,]],

What is Necessary? Source: Rockstrm, Johan; Klum, Mattias, 2015. Big World, Small Planet. Yale University Press. Kindle Edition. How Will They Do It? Source: http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/eng/07.pdf Key Issues

INDCs: Intended Nationally Determined Contributions. 80% of world emissions have been accounted for. CBDR: Common But Differentiated Responsibilities. Developing countries want more. Finance: $100 Billion. Additionality means more.

Loss and Damage: Liability. Will this be in the agreement? Why is Finance an Issue? What do Critics Say? 130 developing nations led by South Africa and instigated by China and India are insisting they will not sign a climate deal in Paris unless it contains massive redistribution of wealth from

developed to poor nations. Whatever they call it, countries who sign onto this agreement will be voting to expand the reach of the U.N. climate bureaucracy, cede national sovereignty, and create a one-way street along which billions will be redistributed from developed to poor nations. Now they want the power to haul the U.S. and its allies before a U.N. Star Chamber to enforce compliance. Source: Craig Rucker, executive director and co-founder of CFACT.

U.S. Commitments The United States intends to achieve an economy-wide target of reducing its emissions by 26%-28% below its 2005 level in 2025 and to make best efforts to reduce its emissions by 28%. whitehouse.gov, November 12, 2014

How Will We Do It? Source: EPA.gov What Will Replace Coal? What Do U.S. Politicians Say? Ted Cruz Today, the global warming alarmists are the

equivalent of the flat-Earthers. It used to be [that] it is accepted scientific wisdom the Earth is flat, and this heretic named Galileo was branded a denier. Washington Post, March 25, 2015. What did Galileo deny? Mitch McConnell Source: LA Times

McConnell on Paris Agreement Even if the job-killing and likely illegal Clean Power Plan were fully implemented, the United States could not meet the targets laid out in this proposed new plan. Considering that two-thirds of the U.S. federal government hasnt even signed off on the Clean Power Plan and 13 [now 30] states have already pledged to fight it, our international partners should proceed with caution before entering into a binding, unattainable deal. Press release,

March 31, 2015, mcconnell.senate.gov/public/. How About Washington? http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/index.htm What Law is the Governor Using? The state shall limit emissions of greenhouse gases to achieve the following emission reductions for Washington state:

(i) By 2020, reduce overall emissions of greenhouse gases in the state to 1990 levels; (ii) By 2035, reduce overall emissions of greenhouse gases in the state to twenty-five percent below 1990 levels; (iii) By 2050, the state will do its part to reach global climate stabilization levels by reducing overall emissions to fifty percent below 1990 levels, or seventy percent below the state's expected emissions that year.

RCW 70.235.020 What Will We Do? http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/index.htm would be covered under this rule? Carbon pollution from the combustion of fuels and natural gas would be

covered as well large industrial facilities. Examples of types of businesses and organizations include: Natural gas distributors Petroleum fuel producers Factories Power plants Waste facilities Metal manufacturers This initial list may change as the scope of the rule is refined through

consultation with industries, stakeholders, the general public, and relevant agencies. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/climatechange/index.htm Who is Against the Rule? Dear Senator Ericksen: By letter previously acknowledged, you have requested our opinion on three questions on RCW 70.235.020:

The statute imposes no specific requirement on the legislature to create a program, and, in any event, the legislature generally cannot pass legislation that binds a future legislature. The statute does not create an express or implied cause of action for requiring the state to enforce the emission reductions, and a writ of mandamus would not be available to enforce the emission reductions because those reductions are not a ministerial duty of any specific state official.

The statute does not create an express or implied cause of action for damages against the state should the emission reductions in RCW 70.235.020 not be reached. Source: Attorney General Bob Ferguson, 9/1/15 What Can We Do? Follow the news: https://news.google.com/news/, http://www.iisd.ca/climate/unfccc/adp2-11/,

Follow the money: http://www.desmogblog.com/, insideclimatenews.org, realclimate.org Follow the leaders: Bill McKibben, James Hansen, Joe Romm, Kevin Trenberth, Michael Mann; Groups such as Climate Conversations North Central Washington Get Involved!

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