PAPER TWO - Bradford VTS

PAPER TWO - Bradford VTS

PAPER TWO MCQ Multiple Choice Questionnaire What do you want from MCQ preparation? Table as a group (get to know your neighbour) Person nearest the aisle is spokesperson Just FOUR items required Only takes a minute or two

TUTORS Aims of MCQ preparation Review format/content of exam Flavour of questions Practice (difficult to do under exam conditions) Identify areas of weakness (go home and check answers) Some comparison with peer group (need to mark the paper here and now) Plan for short seminar

Overview Content Revision Format Overview MCQ May 2005 1622 candidates High reliability of the exam (comparable to any equivalent test worldwide) Overview MCQ

Mean Standard Deviation Pass mark Merit 74% 9% 67% 81% 79% of candidates passed 23% of candidates given merit

Overview MCQ Just a few extra marks makes a large difference in your ranking compared to your peers Overview MCQ

Questionnaire (60% response rate 90% passed) Difficult!! (yet nearly 80% passed) Appropriate questions Extended matching items most difficult (and Summary Completion) Time a problem NOW more Single Best Answer questions Overview MCQ 3 hours and offered in May and October Tests established and recently discovered

KNOWLEDGE of relevance to general practice (newer questions involve more and more APPLICATION of knowledge) CONTENT Content

clinician family physician patient's advocate gatekeeper resource allocator

handler of information team member team leader partner colleague The Gatekeeper Content

employer manager business-person learner teacher

reflective practitioner researcher agent and shaper of policy member of a profession person and individual Content Syllabus 32 pages long 17 pages of general concepts for each defined area 13 pages of appendices - checklist 2 pages of references

Content - syllabus 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Good medical practice and care Generalist skills The doctor-patient relationship, communication and consulting skills

Professional, ethical and legal obligations Population, preventive and societal issues Information management and technology Content - syllabus 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Risk management

Monitoring of quality of performance, audit and clinical governance Continuing Professional Development, learning, teaching and training Working with colleagues Organisational administrative and regulatory framework Financial probity and business management Content (example from syllabus appendix) Serious communicable diseases

Particularly, but not limited to, infections such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C Means and control of transmission, awareness of diagnosis, investigation, management, consent for testing, issues of confidentiality and the implications to the patient of a positive result

Role of Public Health Services Syllabus help or hindrance First direction for revision from College A little vague in places but a useful starting point Certainly worth a read to help identify areas of weakness Content

Medicine - 65% Admin. & Management - 15% Research, Epidemiol. Stats - 20% Medicine (65% of marks)

Cardiovascular Dermatology / ENT / ophthalmology Endocrinology / metabolic Gastroenterology / nutrition Infectious diseases / haematology / immunology / allergies / genetics Musculo-skeletal Paediatrics Pharmaco-therapeutics

Psychiatry / neurology Reproductive / renal Respiratory all equal - 6% !! Implications for revision DERMATOL / ENT / EYES 6% of exam Research/epidemiol./stats

20% Assessing the quality of care Principles of audit Understanding and application of the terms used in inferential statistics and evidencebased medicine Knowledge of statistics and research methodology, sufficient for the critical appraisal

of published papers. Content - Revision Clinical areas fairly limitless Research, epidemiology, administration and management more defined in this exam. Revision Considerable amount of work to be done (sorry)

Need a good general background Identify areas of weakness Prioritise these areas Dont spend time needlessly Make use of review articles and publications such as Clinical Evidence Revision Revision

Revision Revision FORMAT MCQ FORMAT why change? Congruence with education Mainly PBL

Flaws in multiple T/F format Rote memory vs problem solving Benefits of newer formats ?integration of factual knowledge / personal care Format

<250 questions EMQ - extended matching item questions SBA - single best answers MBA - multiple best answers TAQ table / algorithm completion SCQ- summary completion questions (???) Items per question will vary between 3 and 6

Trial questions = different papers Format Pictorial data - charts, photos (on the INCREASE) NO NEGATIVE MARKING


EXTENDED MATCHING ITEM TABLE / ALGORITHM COMPLETION SBA- Single Best Answer, from May 98 In the management of croup in a 2y old child, which single treatment has been shown in clinical trials to shorten the course of the condition?

X place the child in a steam filled bathroom administer inhaled budesonide X prescribe amoxycillin 125mg tds for 5/7 X administer inhaled salbutamol X prescribe paediatric codeine cough suppressant X administer inhaled tribavirin Multiple Best Answer (MBA) A statement is followed by a variable number of items a specified number of

which are correct Multiple Best Answer (MBA) A 65-year-old male smoker presents with a gradual onset of breathlessness on moderate exertion, and a cough with clear sputum. Chest examination reveals general reduction breath sounds and the presence of a few rhonchi bilaterally. Spirometry reveals an FEV1 of 50% of predicted. Identify the three most appropriate therapeutic interventions to be considered following the British Thoracic Society COPD guidelines. Give THREE answers. A B C

D E F G H I Salbutamol inhaler Beclomethasone inhaler Ipratropium inhaler Salmeterol inhaler Sodium cromoglycate inhaler Oral theophylline

Oral steroid trial Nebulised ipratropium Referral for long term oxygen therapy Summary Completion Questions - possible fill in the gap words (given in College instructions)

association exclusion sensitivity bias precision success difficult

safety validity error selection variables blinded questioned typical cohort randomised undertaken demonstrated

reliability unrepresentative Extending Matching Questions Extending Matching Questions (EMQ) in which a scenario has to be matched to an answer from a list of options. You may feel that there are several possible answers but you must choose only the MOST LIKELY from the option list.

THEME: Reduced Vision Option list: (A) Basilar migraine (F) Occlusion of the central retinal vein (B) Cerebral tumour (G) Optic neuritis (C) Cranial arteritis (H) Retinal detachment (D) Macular degeneration (I) Tobacco optic neuropathy (E) Occlusion of the central retinal artery Instruction:

For each patient with reduced vision, select the single most likely diagnosis. Each option may be used once, more than once, or not at all. Items: 1 A 75-year-old man, who is a heavy smoker, with blood pressure of 170/105, complains of floaters in the right eye for many months and flashing lights in bright sunshine. He has now noticed a curtain across the vision of his right eye. Table/Algorithm Completion

Format often found in guidelines to advise on management decisions. You are asked to select the correct answer to complete the table or algorithm box. Medical management of menorrhagia: Not requiring contraception 1 ------- Requiring contraception

2 ------- Combined oral contraceptive pill 3 --------- For each of the numbered gaps above, select ONE option from the list below to complete the algorithm, based on current evidence. Select ONE option only


C D E F G H I Copper intra-uterine device Cyclical medroxyprogesterone acetate Cyclical norethisterone Inert intra-uterine device Levonorgestrel releasing intra-uterine system

Mefenamic acid Nonoxinol 9 Tibolone Tranexamic acid OPSCAN SHEET OPSCAN SHEET Use only the pencil provided Potential pitfalls

Wrong ID number Skip a question? MCQ Summary Time is more important 250 questions in 180 mins 43 seconds per question Answer everything no negative marking Practice, practice, practice (go over weak

areas) Practice A composite paper giving examples of multiple choice questions is published from time to time, and is available from the RCGP Sales Office Does not include many newer questions?

Also, PEP, Pastest The End!!!!

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