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Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program

RPDP.net RPDP Secondary Literacy Reading Strategies Context Clues Created by Jill M. Leone Reading Specialist Copyright 2007

Students will differentiate among different types of context clues. use context clues in text to determine word meanings. identify specific context clues in selected questions.

RPDP Secondary Literacy Thats probably difficult because words are so important in everything we do. RPDP Secondary Literacy How could you order something to eat? RPDP Secondary Literacy

Listen to the lyrics of your favorite song? RPDP Secondary Literacy Plan that dream vacation? RPDP Secondary Literacy Ask a salesclerk for a special color? RPDP Secondary Literacy

Share a secret with a friend? RPDP Secondary Literacy Talk on the telephone? RPDP Secondary Literacy Or even read your favorite book?

RPDP Secondary Literacy No singing, no talking, no life as we know it! RPDP Secondary Literacy Trademark of Hanna-Barbera 2000 How important words are in our lives! RPDP Secondary Literacy

Understand the world around us. Connect ideas. Create new ideas. Write. Talk about our thoughts and feelings to others. RPDP Secondary Literacy

Its like pumping iron or training for a sport. We improve a little with each workout. RPDP Secondary Literacy Its the same with learning vocabulary.

The more we learn, the easier it is to read and understand more. RPDP Secondary Literacy When you see an unfamiliar word, do you feel like skipping it? Learn what that word means! You can usually find clues to help you.

RPDP Secondary Literacy Writers are often thoughtful of their readers. When they use difficult words, they often provide clues to help us figure out what these new words mean. These are called context clues. RPDP Secondary Literacy

The area surrounding a word is called the context. Context clues are the words, phrases, and sentences that surround a word you do not know. RPDP Secondary Literacy

Many sentences and paragraphs - Contain enough information for you to use the clues that the writer has left to figure out the meaning of words you do not know. RPDP Secondary Literacy

What does this mean? This means you try to figure out the meaning of a word that you dont know by using the surrounding words that you do know. RPDP Secondary Literacy

Clue words and phrases help us - understand the passages. know how fast we should read. decide the importance of information. RPDP Secondary Literacy

Context Clues are words that say STOP. The definition is here! RPDP Secondary Literacy To figure out the meaning of

a new word always - Read the sentence that the word is in. Read the sentence right before. Read the sentence right after. RPDP Secondary Literacy This skill is practiced without a dictionary

for two reasons You dont always have dictionary nearby. You might not want to stop reading and get it. RPDP Secondary Literacy Sometimes its just not convenient to stop

reading. RPDP Secondary Literacy Also, if we keep stopping to look up words, it takes away from understanding. Its like holding an empty paper towel roll up to our eyes and using it to read only

a few words at a time. RPDP Secondary Literacy Theres little understanding when you cant see the context, or the surrounding words. Its the context of the page that gives it meaning. RPDP Secondary Literacy RPDP Secondary Literacy

The meaning of the unfamiliar word is stated in the sentence. Clue words to look for: also known as that is in other words

which is or which means RPDP Secondary Literacy The course includes demography, which is the study of human populations.

Etymology, which means the study of the origin of words, is important in vocabulary studies. RPDP Secondary Literacy The meaning of the unfamiliar word is explained through familiar examples. Clue words to look for: for example

such as for instance is called including like

RPDP Secondary Literacy She loved macabre stories, such as those written by Stephen King. Miscreants of all kinds, including thieves, vandals, and pickpockets roamed the streets of Victorian England. RPDP Secondary Literacy

The unfamiliar word is similar to a familiar word or phrase. Clue words to look for: also too identical

same similar resembling like, likewise as any

RPDP Secondary Literacy Consuela suffered from acrophobia; her father also had a fear of heights. Despite his physical suffering, his mind was as lucid as any rational persons. RPDP Secondary Literacy The unfamiliar word is the opposite of a

familiar word or phrase. Clue words to look for: although on the other hand unlike though

however but on the contrary yet RPDP Secondary Literacy

Patricia thought that taking the drivers test was futile, but her brother remained hopeful that his sister would pass. RPDP Secondary Literacy Although our athletes were not a bit worried,

the opposing team members proved to be such formidable opponents that they defeated our team by a wide margin. RPDP Secondary Literacy The unfamiliar word is explained as part of a cause and effect relationship.

Clue words to look for: as a result therefore because thus since consequently RPDP Secondary Literacy Because they had not eaten in days,

the rats were ravenous. Maria felt the stranger was being intrusive, since he asked too many personal questions. RPDP Secondary Literacy Sometimes a new word will be part of a group of words that go together. Study the other words in the series to

figure out the meaning. Example: Peas, beans, peanuts and other legumes provide vitamins and fiber. RPDP Secondary Literacy Its important to realize that these same context clues can be found in

both fiction and nonfiction writing. RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question I thought that Alexis was the most affable person I had met in years. She really went out of her way to make me feel at home. Affable means A. nasty and argumentative

B. frightened and afraid C. pleasant and agreeable D. distracted and not focused RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Affable means A. nasty and argumentative B. frightened and afraid C. pleasant and agreeable

D. distracted and not focused How did you do? RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question She sang softly. The song told of a life where all had gone wrong. She didnt raise her voice or cry, but everyone was affected by her dolorous tone. Tears could be seen throughout the audience. Even the musicians were moved. All the pain of life could be

heard in her voice. Dolorous means A. loud B. sad C. fierce D. joyful RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question She sang softly. The song told of a life where all had

gone wrong. She didnt raise her voice or cry, but everyone was affected by her dolorous tone. Tears could be seen throughout the audience. Even the musicians were moved. All the pain of life could be heard in her voice. Dolorous means A. loud B. sad C. fierce How did you do? D. joyful

RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Camilla was now the boss, and she wanted everyone to know it. She expected all the workers to follow orders and praise her. Workers who werent obedient and obsequious found themselves out of a job. Soon, no one wanted to work for her company. A person who is obsequious would A. study hard

B. do a good job without making mistakes C. praise and compliment the boss D. take long coffee breaks RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Camilla was now the boss, and she wanted everyone to know it. She expected all the workers to follow orders and praise her. Workers who werent obedient and obsequious found themselves out of a job. Soon,

no one wanted to work for her company. A person who is obsequious would A. study hard B. do a good job without making mistakes C. praise and compliment the boss D. take long coffee breaks RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Mukti went to the doctor for her annual checkup last

Week. Youre doing just fine, Mukti, said Dr. Patel. Yet it never hurts to make sure youre getting the vitamins you need. Vitamins help your body perform important tasks. If you get too little of them, you can become susceptible to infections. In this passage, the word susceptible means A. resistant B. interested C. immune D. in a weakened state

RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Mukti went to the doctor for her annual checkup last Week. Youre doing just fine, Mukti, said Dr. Patel. Yet it never hurts to make sure youre getting the vitamins you need. Vitamins help your body perform important tasks. If you get too little of them, you can become susceptible to infections. In this passage, the word susceptible means

A. resistant B. interested C. immune D. in a weakened state RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Rashad was usually happy and content all the time. But ever since his brother became a rich and famous rap star, he sometimes makes

himself sick coveting his brothers possessions. Coveting means A. refusing B. desiring C. writing about D. throwing out RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question Rashad was usually happy and content all the

time. But ever since his brother became a rich and famous rap star, he sometimes makes himself sick coveting his brothers possessions. Coveting means A. refusing B. desiring C. writing about D. throwing out RPDP Secondary Literacy

Practice Question The climate in Siberia is often cold and bleak. People who were forced to move there by the Russian government had a very difficult time. Yet Siberias long-term residents were inured to the cold and miserable climate. They had little trouble with the weather. Someone who is inured to a climate A. is accustomed to it B. hates it

C. avoids it D. is often sick or uncomfortable RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question The climate in Siberia is often cold and bleak. People who were forced to move there by the Russian government had a very difficult time. Yet Siberias long-term residents were inured to the cold and miserable climate. They had little trouble

with the weather. Someone who is inured to a climate A. is accustomed to it B. hates it C. avoids it D. is often sick or uncomfortable RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question A hospital is supposed to be a safe place, but

sometimes it can prove dangerous. Many patients have diseases, which they transmit to other patients. A person being treated for a broken leg may become very sick with something else. Patients can acquire new diseases while in the hospital. They must be cured of these iatrogenic diseases, as well as the diseases that put them in the hospital in the first place. RPDP Secondary Literacy

Practice Question An iatrogenic disease is one that is caused by A. bad nutrition B. alcohol and drugs C. doctors and hospitals D. broken bones RPDP Secondary Literacy Practice Question

An iatrogenic disease is one that is caused by A. bad nutrition B. alcohol and drugs C. doctors and hospitals D. broken bones RPDP Secondary Literacy Use the overall context of the page. Make an inference.

Always use your prior knowledge. RPDP Secondary Literacy Think about what youre reading. Connect to what you already know. Check how passages are organized. Look for word clues provided by the writer.

RPDP Secondary Literacy Remember to use the context of a page when you come across words you dont know. Always read the following: The sentence right before The sentence the word is in The sentence right after When there are no word clues, use your

prior knowledge and make an inference. RPDP Secondary Literacy RPDP Secondary Literacy Context & Context Clues Definition Clues Example Clues Comparison Clues Contrast Clues

Cause and Effect Clues Series Clues RPDP Secondary Literacy Copyright Notice Permission is granted to copy (unmodified) all or part of this PowerPoint for educational, personal, noncommercial use off-line as long as the copyright message (Copyright 2007 by Jill Leone) is maintained on the title page. This material may not be sold, duplicated on other websites, incorporated

in commercial documents or products, or used for promotional purposes. Copyright 2007 by Jill M. Leone RPDP Secondary Literacy

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