NOTE VALUES Whole, Half, and Quarter Notes Note Values The duration of a note is determined by the note value The shape of the note indicates what its note value is Note Values
A WHOLE NOTE is drawn as an open oval: Two HALF NOTES equal the duration of one whole note Four QUARTER NOTES equal the duration of one whole note
Note Stems Note stems extend DOWNWARD on the left side when the note appears on or above the 3rd line of the staff: Note Stems Note stems extend UPWARD on the right side when the note appears below the 3rd line of the staff:
Note Stems The stem length should continue to the space or line with the same letter name, above or below: Exercises: Fill in the blanks with the correct number:
__4___ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ Draw the treble clef and write the indicated notes, with the stems in the correct direction: C whole
D quarter A quarter G half E half B quarter A whole F half
Draw the bass clef and write the indicated notes, with the stems in the correct direction: C whole D quarter A quarter G half E half
B quarter A whole F half Measure, Bar Line and Double Bar
Music is divided into equal parts by BAR LINES The area between the two bar lines is called a MEASURE or BAR A DOUBLE BAR is written at the end of a piece of music. It is made up of one thin and one thick line The thick line is always on the outside On a grand staff the bar lines and double bar pass through the entire staff
Dotted Half Note A dot after a note INCREASES its duration by half the original value Example: Adding a dot to a half note (2 beats) increases its value by 1 beat, making 3 beats: Time Signatures
The TIME SIGNATURE appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign: The upper number tells how many beats are in each measure The lower number indicates what type of note receives 1 beat: 4/4 Time
Time signature is also called meter Can also be written as common time Four beats in a measure In 4/4 time, a quarter note is equal to one beat A half note is equal to two beats
A whole note is equal to four beats 2/4 Time Two beats per measure Quarter note equals one beat **Both 2/4 and 4/4 time signatures are called duple meters because they are based on the number 2 Time Signature
Is called triple meter because it is based on the number 3 Three beats per measure Quarter note equals one beat Whole, Half, and Quarter Rests
Music uses silence in addition to sounds. These silences between sounds are called RESTS Rests can have the same durations as notes, and are named for the note with the same duration **A whole rest equals four beats of silence, but is also used in 2/4 and 3/4 to indicate rest for the whole measure**
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