The University of British Columbias Comparison: % of

The University of British Columbias Comparison: % of

The University of British Columbias Comparison: % of Correct Answers Can any animal be cloned? Yes In theory, it would be possible to make a clone (make a genetic duplicate) of any animal. In practice, this has already been achieved with animals such as frogs, sheep, cows and most recently, a monkey. It's also important to realize that a lot of the current excitement over 'cloning' was due to the recent ability to make a clone from adult tissue. This is what Dolly the sheep is all about. 65% 85% 87% 76% 64% 0% 20% Grade 8 40% Grade 9 60% Grade 10 80% Grade 11 100% Grade 12 Of Fleetwood Park Secondary Percentage of Correct Answers (Q.1) Advanced Teaching Laboratory Survey Please circle Yes or No? Yes/No Can any animal be cloned? Yes/No If cloned will the new copy be physically, emotionally and mentally identical as the original? Comparison: % of Correct Answers If cloned, will the new copy be physically, emotionally and mentally identical as the original? No It's important to realize that experience and environment also play a major role in the development of an organism. Although two genetically identical organisms will likely have the same appearance, things like personality and behaviour are greatly affected by outside influences. A good way to think about this, is to ask yourself whether you consider two identical twins (which are basically genetic clones of each other) to be the same individual - it should be pretty clear that at the end of the day, they are separate individuals. 69% 68% 62.50% 0% 64% 47% 47% 40% 60% Grade 10 Grade 11 80% 20% 40% Grade 9 60% Grade 10 80% Grade 11 100% Grade 12 100% Grade 12 Comparison: % of Correct Answers Can Humans be cloned? Yes In this day and age, our world has the knowledge and the technology to clone human beings. To date, there have only been a few incidents of this occurring, although these attempts were done in a very controlled and restricted manner. For example, a scientific group in Korea had allegedly produced a human clone that was destroyed at the four-cell stage of development. Interestingly, many scientists acknowledged the likelihood of a human clone past birth already existing. Yes/No Do you think there are laws against human cloning? 18.90% 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% 100.00% Percent % Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 Of the food we eat: a) 0% contains genetically engineered material b) about 10% contains genetically engineered material c) about 30% contains genetically engineered material d) about 70% contains genetically engineered material e) 100% contains genetically engineered material If a frog were cloned, would its copy come out as an adult frog immediately instead of a tadpole? No If a frog were cloned, its clone would start off as a single cell rather than an adult frog. This principle is the same in the case of every other organism. When cloned, the organism starts from a single cell stage and eventually grows into the adult stage, just like you and me. 67% Grade 9 Can humans be cloned? 23.50% Please circle the appropriate answer for each question. 72% 80% Grade 8 Yes/No 39.60% Grade 8 Comparison: % of Correct Answers 20% If a frog is cloned, would its copy come out as an adult frog right away instead of a tadpole? 50% 55% Grade 8 0% Yes/No 38.20% 50% 64% 76.50% 67.60% Which of the following statements is true? a) a normal tomato does have DNA while a genetically modified tomato does not have DNA b) genetically modified tomato does have DNA while a normal tomato does not have DNA c) neither a genetically modified or normal tomato has DNA d) both genetically modified and normal tomatoes both contain DNA e) only organisms that move have DNA 47.20% 1 44% 30% 0% Which of the following is definitely not considered genetically modified crops (foods)? a) Crops in which DNA has been extracted or inserted to achieve desired or unwanted characteristics. b) Altered food that is grown and/or produced using pesticides c) Food that has human qualities (e.g. Mexican jumping beans) d) Food that gets its DNA from other organisms. When you genetically modify a tomato by introducing DNA directly, do you put the DNA : a) Directly into the tomato when it is still at the single cell stage b) Directly into the tomato when it is fully ripe c) Directly into the stem of the tomato plant d) Into the water that is used to water the tomato plant. 54% Percent of correct answers (Q.2) 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Percent% Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 Percent of correct answers (Q.3) 44.10% 44.40% 26.40% 1 29.20% 53% 24.50% 54% 0.00% 0% 20% Grade 8 40% Grade 9 60% Grade 10 Grade 11 80% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% 100.00% Percent% 100% Grade 8 Grade 12 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 Comparison: % of Correct Answers 69% 79% 73% 76% 77% 0% 20% Grade 8 40% Grade 9 60% Grade 10 Grade 11 80% Grade 12 100% Do you think there are laws against human cloning? Yes The short answer is Yes; there are laws against human cloning. The long answer is that it varies greatly from country to country, and is also continually changing. Many countries around the world including Japan and many of those in the European Community have passed laws that make the production and use of human embryo clones an illegal offence. However, many countries (the United Kingdom for example) have since relaxed the laws in an attempt to allow potentially beneficial research to proceed. The United States is currently examining the issue although no formal legislation has been passed to date. However, several states have independantly passed their own laws. Canada is in the midst of proposing new legislation on this issue and will likely issue a report in the next few months. Many countries have no formal laws on this issue at all. Brenna Vaishnav and Tara Swityk Percent of correct answers (Q.4) 60.60% 48.60% 54.90% 1 35.40% 27.50% 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% Percent% Grade 8 Grade 9

Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 100.00% The University of British Columbias Of Fleetwood Park Secondary Bioethic Question 1 R esults: Bioethic Question 1 Results: Is the idea of cloning h um ans Good or Bad? Why or Why not? Grade 867% said cloning was bad 18.5% said cloning was good 5.5% said it was both bad and good 9.3% did not answer the question Grade 954% said cloning was bad 28% said cloning was good 14% said it was both good and bad 4% did not answer the question 4% 9.3% Grade 1062.3% said cloning was bad 15.1% said cloning was good 15.1% said it was both good and bad 7.5% did not answer the question 80 % 18.5% 8.6 % 2 8 .6 % 40% 3 7 .6 % 24% 2 4 .5 % 8 1 .8 % 40% 40 % Grade 1024.5% said genetically modifying food/ crops is bad 37.6% said genetically modifying food/ crops is good 7.5% said genetically modifying food/ crops is both good & bad 26.4% did not answer the question Grade 113% said genetically modifying food/ crops is bad 81.8% said genetically modifying food/ crops is good 9.1% said genetically modifying food/ crops is both good & bad 6.1% did not answer the question Grade 1237.1% said genetically modifying food/ crops is bad 28.6% said genetically modifying food/ crops is good 11.4% said genetically modifying food/ crops is both good & bad 22.9% did not answer the question 7 1.4% 67 % 6 2.3% 54% 3 7 .1 % 20% 4 0% 20 % 2 5 .9 % 3% 0% G rad e 8 G rade 9 0% G ra de 8 G ra de 9 G rade 10 G oo d G rad e 11 G oo d & B ad B ad G rade 1 2 0.0% 14.8% 90% 20.0% 20.8% 25.0% 2.9% 18.0% U na ns w e re d 6% 6% 9% Bioethic Question 4 Results: 17.0% Grade 8: No: 36-67% Yes: 12-22% Unanswered: 5-9% Both: 1-2% 8% 3% 2% 1 7% 22.9% 23 % 29% 2 2% 7 0% 5 0% 50% 75.0% 40% 61.1% 74.2% 62.2% 62.0% 92 % 7 8% 4 0% 6 7% 65% G r ad e 8 G r ade 9 74 % 3 0% 2 0% 20% 1 0% 10% 0% 0% Grade 8 Grade 9 No Grade 10 Yes Grade 11 Grade 12 No Unanswered Brenna Vaishnav and Tara Swityk Grade 9: No: 31-65% Yes: 14-29% Unanswered: 3-6% Grade 10: No: 42-78% Yes: 9-17% Unanswered: 3 -6% Grade 11: No: -33-91.7% Yes: 3-8.3% Unanswered: 0-0% 6 0% 60% 30% 10 0% 8 0% 70% Good & B ad G r ad e 1 2 D o you want a clone of yourself? Why or Wh y not? 9 0% 80% 24.1% Good G rad e 1 1 Bioethic Q uestion 4 R esults: Should you be able to choose the genetic makeup (characteristics) of your children? Why or Why not? 100% G rad e 1 0 U nansw ere d Bioethic Question 3 Results: Grade 8No: 33-61.1% Yes: 13-24.1% Unanswered: 8-14.8% Grade 12No: 26-74.2% Yes: 8-22.9 Unanswered: 1-2.9% 3 .7 % 3 1 .5 % Bioethic Question 3 Results: Grade 11No: 27-75% Yes: 9-25% Unanswered: 0-0% 60% 1 1 .4 % 75% 4% 1 5.1% 31 .4 % B ad Grade 10No: 33-62.2% Yes: 9-17% Unanswered: 11-20.8% 3 8 .9 % 2 0% 60 % Grade 1240% said cloning was bad 31.4% said cloning was good 20% said it was both good and bad 8.6% did not answer the question Grade 9No: 31-62% Yes: 9-18% Unanswered: 10-20% 80% Grade 924% said genetically modifying food/ crops is bad 40% said genetically modifying food/ crops is good 4% said genetically modifying food/ crops is both good & bad 32% did not answer the question 2 2 .9 % 2 6 .4 % 32% 1 5.1% 2 8.0% Grade 1171.4% said cloning was bad 8.6% said cloning was good 20% said it was both good and bad 0% did not answer the question 9 .1 % 8 .6% 20% 1.4% 5.5% 25.9% said genetically modifying food/ crops is bad 31.5% said genetically modifying food/ crops is good 3.7% said genetically modifying food/ crops is both bad & good 38.9% did not answer the question 6 .1 % 0% 7.5 % Grade 8- Is genetically modifying food/ crops good or bad? Why or Why not? 100% 1 00 % Bioethic Question 2 Results: Bioethic Question 2 R esults Y es G r ade 1 0 Y es & N o G r ad e 11 U n an sw er ed G r ade 1 2 Grade 12: No: 26-74.3% Yes: 8-22.9% Unanswered: 1-2.9%

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