Literary/Rhetorical terms

Literary/Rhetorical terms

Poetic terms/Sound devices Alliteration Definition: The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of multiple words. Example: Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers

Effect: Provides emphasis, creates rhythm Assonance Definition: Repetition of vowel sounds Example: the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless Effect: Rhythm, emphasis, sometimes rhyme

Consonance Definition: The repetition of consonant sounds at the end of multiple words. Example: Mammals named Sam are clammy. Pitter Patter Effect- Emphasis, rhythm, sometimes slant rhyme

Cacophony Definition: Creates an unpleasant sound, dissonance Example: And being no stranger to the art of war, I have him a description of cannons, culverins, muskets, carabines, pistols, bullets, powder, swords, bayonets, battles, sieges, retreats, attacks, undermines, countermines, bombardments, sea-fights Swift

Effect: Jars, unsettles the reader Euphony Definition: Words create a flowing harmonious sound Example: Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun; Conspiring with him how to load and bless

With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run; Keats Effect: Gives it a melodious quality Rhyme scheme Determined by end rhyme (look at the last word of each line) Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night,

What immortal hand or eye Could frame thy fearful symmetry? - William Blake Slant Rhyme Definition: Words create similar sounds but dont fully rhyme Example: Hope is the Thing with Feathers

That perches in the soul, And sings the tune without the words, And never stops at all. Effect: Contributes to the rhyme scheme (without forcing it) Internal rhyme Definition- words within the same line of poetry rhyme

Ex: Young and gifted, my tongue's prolific Effect: Rhythm , rhyme, emphasis Enjambment Definition: A sentence in poetry that continues beyond the line break Example: It is a beauteous evening, calm and free,

The holy time is quiet as a Nun Breathless with adoration; the broad sun Is sinking down in its tranquillity. Effect: Creates continuous flow, momentum Anastrophe Definition: the typical order of subject, verb, object is changed

Example: Potatoes I like. Effect: Emphasis, draw attention to an idea by presenting it in a different way, Sometimes contributes to rhyme scheme Turn/Shift A place in a poem where the attitude shifts or intensifies. Typically occurs toward the end.

Effect: Surprises the reader or creates emphasis Cataloguing Definition: Including a list of items Example: Snow melting

Air warming Trees coming to life Flowers budding Effect: momentum, provides a series of concrete examples

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