LINGUISTICS 200: Introduction to Linguistic Thought

LINGUISTICS 200: Introduction to Linguistic Thought

ANNOUNCEMENT For Friday: begin Morphology Files 5.1, 5.3-5.4 ASL moved to next Friday Today

Phonotactics Borrowing and accents Slips of the tongue Readings: 4.6, 9.9 Which are impossible English words? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

prill skrick blaft rmut thole 6. lsig 7. tosp 8. mgla 9. dnom 10. flitch Which are impossible English words?

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. prill skrick blaft rmut thole 6. lsig 7. tosp 8. mgla

9. dnom 10. flitch Phonotactic constraints Restrictions on possible sound sequences in different positions of a word e.g., English allows [tr] at the beginning of a word, but not the end [N] in the middle or at the end of a word, but

not at the beginning up to 3 consonants at the beginning of a word Accent When the words of one language are pronounced with rules and phonotactics of another language Foreign Accent Syndrome http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/3235934.stm Borrowing

Words borrowed from a foreign language are (typically) altered to match the native languages phonotactics Borrowing Sound substitution: substitution of an similar sound for a foreign sound that is not in the native phonemic inventory

Ger. Bach [bax] Eng. [bak] Eng. this [DIs], thing [TIN] Fr. [zis], [siN] Arabic Al Qaeda [al qaIda] Eng. [Ql khaId] Borrowing Deletion: elimination of a sound Greek Eng...

Ptolemy, mnemonic (but, see amnesia) Insertion: addition of a sound Slavic Eng. Gdansk [gdnsk], Tbilisi [th bIlIsi]

Eng. Japanese beer [biRu], Christmas [kuRisumasu] Speech errors or Slips of the Tongue Mistakes in a speakers linguistic performance They can provide clues about our

linguistic competence Anticipation A later sound is anticipated earlier in the utterance firing of the faculty ( hiring of the faculty) splacing from a tape (splicing from a tape) Perseveration

An earlier sound perseveres later in the utterance phonological fool ( phonological rule) Metathesis Two sounds (or sound sequences) are switched

Yew Nork budbegs blushing crow blake fruid ( New York) ( bedbugs) ( crushing blow) ( brake fluid) Slips dont just involve whole sounds

= nasality Lemadon ( Lebanon) glear plue sky ( clear blue sky) = voicing safe-spazing ( space-saving) = place Not everything is possible e.g., slips of the tongue tips of the slung

stips of the lung lips of the stung but not *tlips of the sung Slips of the tongue obey the rules and phonotactics of the language

Fleudian [S]rip ( Freudian [s]lip) bird some shot[s] ( shot some bird[z]) provide evidence in support of psychological reality of linguistic units Consonants vs. vowels Phonetic features

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 26/01/20 nrt In an atom, the electrons are

    26/01/20 nrt In an atom, the electrons are

    SSER Ltd. Other titles: Times New Roman Default Design Slide 1 Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide...
  • Light production Thanks to Rebekah Wilkins, Jackie ORiley

    Light production Thanks to Rebekah Wilkins, Jackie ORiley

    Rebekah Wilkins, Jackie O'Riley * * * * * * * * Perciformes Lophiiformes Perciformes Light production in fishes Who? scattered among 13 orders, 45 families (Bond Table 19-1) mostly in teleosts, 2 families of elasmobranches Where?
  • International Environmental Law: Overview

    International Environmental Law: Overview

    Overarching framework: 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) - Part XII addresses protection of marine environment. Specific treaties include MARPOL (pollution from ships) and London Convention on Dumping of Wastes at sea. Also regional seas agreements.
  • Post-Classical China

    Post-Classical China

    Post-Classical China. 220-1279 CE. Module 1: The Sui Dynasty. The Rise of the Sui Dynasty. Fall of Han (220) Era of Division (220-589) ... Dong advocated a spiritual correspondence with the art of the old masters rather than a literal...
  • Are New Languages Necessary for Manycore?

    Are New Languages Necessary for Manycore?

    Multicore New languages aren't necessary Legacy code easily adjusted Manycore Implicitly Parallel Sequential Programming No optimization for sequential (custom allocators)‏ Points of non-determinism specified Parallel algorithms in sequential codes Debuggability, Understandability, Sanity The Answer Originates with ATE The Old Way:...
  • Software Tool Visual Paradigm

    Software Tool Visual Paradigm

    Visual Paradigm is a UML CASE Tool supporting UML 2, System Modeling Language and Business Process Modeling Notation from the Object Management Group. This tool is mainly used during the design stage of the software development life cycle.
  • DO NOW: AP M.C. Question

    DO NOW: AP M.C. Question

    While the Inca were agrarian, the Aztecs were nomadic. The Aztecs built religious monuments while the Inca did not. Incans were monotheistic while the Aztecs worshipped many gods. The Aztecs developed a system of writing while the Inca did not....
  • This is the main title which is set in blue

    This is the main title which is set in blue

    Strategy and Planning Design Implement Run 서비스관리 전략 & 기획 워크샵 서비스관리 현황 진단 IBM Accelerators for IT Service Management IT 서비스 관리 설계 Managed Services Offerings IT 서비스 관리 구현 서비스 서비스 관리 전략 수립 및 기획 IBM Accelerators...