Key Stage 2 - Perton

Key Stage 2 - Perton

Key Stage 2 Topic Overview Why should the rainforest be important to all of us? Geography and History Learning Challenges Cycle A The examples that follow are exactly that, examples. Consider your context without losing sight of National Curriculum coverage when making adaptations to suit your school and pupils needs. Year 4:Why is the *Thames so important to London? **Alternative to Where would you choose to build a city? KS2 Geography: Settlements, land use, economic activity, including natural resources, especially energy and water supplies Literacy Link: LC1 and LC2 provide opportunities for children to carry out their own research WOW: Ideally a boat trip down the Thames History Link: Opportunities for research into London over the past 100 year or so. This would involve looking at old maps, etc. LC1 Why is London situated where it is? LC2 Which other famous European cities are situated on a river? LC3 Why are rivers important for the lives of the people who live there now and lived there some time ago? LC4 How have people adapted rivers and water for their own use? LC5 How has the Thames created jobs for many people who live in London? LC6 Using your photographs, can you create a painting of one of the bridges on the Thames? LC7 Which pieces of music are associated with London or water? LC8 Reflection: Groups of children to put together a photostory of their learning about London

Creative Art Link: LC6 provides opportunities for children to look at the work of famous artists and to use water colour or washes to create landscape paintings to include the River Thames. Expressive Art Link: LC7 provides opportunities for children to think of/ perform the music associated with London or with water. Settlements of the Bowden Thames Rob The Nile River in The Sand Molly Aloian *This Learning Challenge could be adapted to the River Mersey or Tyne or any other major UK river and city. Focus Education 2014 4 Year 4 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Can they carry out a survey to discover features of cities and villages? Can they find the same place on a globe and in an atlas? Can they label the same features on an aerial photograph as on a map? Can they plan a journey to a place in England? Can they accurately measure and collect information(e.g. rainfall, temperature, wind speed, noise levels etc.)? Physical Geography Human Geography Can they describe the main features of a wellknown city? Can they describe the main features of a village? Can they describe the main physical differences between cities and villages? Can they use appropriate symbols to represent different physical features on a map? Can they explain why people are attracted to live in cities? Can they explain why people may choose to

live in a village rather than a city? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to human features? Can they find different views about an environmental issue? What is their view? Can they suggest different ways that a locality could be changed and improved? Geographical Knowledge Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and UK? Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them on a map? Can they name the areas of origin of the main ethnic groups in the UK & in their school? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they give accurate measurements between 2 given places within the UK? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to physical features? Can they explain how people are trying to manage their environment? Focus Education 2014 Can they name the counties that make up the home counties of London? 5 Year 4 Art & Design Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Drawing Painting Can they organise line, tone, shape and colour to represent figures and forms in movement? Can they show reflections? Can they explain why they have chosen specific materials to draw with? Can they create all the colours they need? Can they create mood in their paintings? Do they successfully use shading to create mood and feeling?

Knowledge Can they experiment with different styles which artists have used? Can they explain art from other periods of history? Sketch books Can they use their sketch books to express their feelings about various subjects and outline likes and dislikes? Do they use their sketch books to adapt and improve their original ideas? Do they keep notes about the purpose of their work in their sketch books? Year 4 Music Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can Can Can Can Can Can Can they they they they they they they explain the place of silence and say what effect it has? start to identify the character of a piece of music? describe and identify the different purposes of music? begin to identify with the style of work of Beethoven, Mozart and Elgar? perform a simple part rhythmically? sing songs from memory with accurate pitch? improvise using repeated patterns? Focus Education 2014 6 Year 4:Why is *London such a cool place to live? KS2 Geography: name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains, cities, rivers, key topographical features and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. WOW: Visit to the city chosen preferably open bus top. LC1 Why do you think London is the capital city of the United Kingdom? LC2

Why do so many people live in London? LC3 Can you trace the growth in Londons population over the past 100 years? LC4 Can you chose 5 popular monuments or buildings in London and write a promotion leaflet on them? LC5 Can you reconstruct a bridge that opens to allow a ship to pass? LC6 From photographs you have taken can you paint one of your favourite places in London? LC7 What would be the main advantages and disadvantages of living in London? LC8 Reflection: Using photographs and video extracts can they put together a documentary about the city? Literacy Link : Huge opportunities in LC4 for children to put together a persuasive style piece of writing linked to the brochures. In addition, a summary style piece of writing is Required for LC7. Numeracy Link : LC1 provides opportunities for children to carry out surveys about why people like or dislike the city. LC3 also provides opportunities for children to look at the figures associated with Londons growing population. Creative Art Link: LC5 provides opportunities for children to design and make a bridge that has a level attached so that it can open. Creative Art Link: LC6 provides opportunities for children to create their own water colours or washes linked to their paintings. Focus Education 2014 *Use the nearest major city to you, e.g. Manchester, Birmingham, Newcastle, Bristol, Cardiff or Liverpool. 7 Year 4 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Can they carry out a survey to discover features of cities and villages? Can they find the same place on a globe and in an atlas? Can they label the same features on an aerial photograph as on a map?

Can they accurately measure and collect information(e.g. rainfall, temperature, wind speed, noise levels etc.)? Physical Geography Human Geography Can they describe the main features of a wellknown city? Can they describe the main features of a village? Can they describe the main physical differences between cities and villages? Can they use appropriate symbols to represent different physical features on a map? Can they explain why people are attracted to live in cities? Can they explain why people may choose to live in a village rather than a city? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to human features? Can they find different views about an environmental issue? What is their view? Can they suggest different ways that a locality could be changed and improved? Geographical Knowledge Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and UK? Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them on a map? Can they name the areas of origin of the main ethnic groups in the UK & in their school? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they give accurate measurements between 2 given places within the UK? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to physical features? Can they explain how people are trying to manage their environment? Focus Education 2014 Can they name the counties that make up

the home counties of London? 8 Year 4 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Developing, planning and communicating ideas Can they come up with at least one idea about how to create their product? Do they take account of the ideas of others when designing? Can they produce a plan and explain it to others? Can they suggest some improvements and say what was good and not so good about their original design? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Electrical and mechanical components Can they add things to their circuits? Can they tell if their finished product is going to be good quality? Are they conscience of the need to produce something that will be liked by others? Can they show a good level of expertise when using a range of tools and equipment? Stiff and flexible sheet materials Can they measure carefully so as to make sure they have not made mistakes? How have they attempted to make their product strong? Evaluating processes and products Have they thought of how they will check if their design is successful? Can they begin to explain how they can improve their original design? Can they evaluate their product, thinking of both its appearance and the way it works? Mouldable materials Do they take time to consider how they could have made their idea better?

Do they work at their product even though their original idea might not have worked? Year 4 Art & Design Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Drawing Can they organise line, tone, shape and colour to represent figures and forms in movement? Can they show reflections? Can they explain why they have chosen specific materials to draw with? Painting Can they create all the colours they need? Can they create mood in their paintings? Do they successfully use shading to create mood and feeling? Knowledge Sketch Books Can they experiment with different styles which artists have used? Can they explain art from other periods of history? Can they use their sketch books to express their feelings about various subjects and outline likes and dislikes? Do they use their sketch books to adapt and improve their original ideas? Do they keep notes about the purpose of their work in their sketch books? Focus Education 2014 9 Year 4: Why were the Romans so powerful and what did we learn from them? KS2 History: The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain - Julius Caesar Hadrians Wall Boudica Romanisation of Britain WOW: Class to be given surprise extra playtime so that an older group of children can invade their classroom. LC1

What is it like to be invaded and which countries have been invaded recently? LC2 Who were the Romans and would they have enjoyed coming to Britain? LC3 Would you prefer to be a Gladiator or a Premiership footballer? LC4 What did the Romans do for us? LC5 How could you be as fit as a Roman? LC6 Why did the Romans need to build forts? LC7 Who was Boudica and why did she become so famous? LC7 Can you create a working model of a Roman weapon? LC8 Who were the famous Romans and what do we know about them? LC9 Literacy Link: LC1 provides ample opportunities for children to express themselves after being invaded by another class. LC2 provides research opportunities based on finding out about the Romans. LC3 offers further research opportunities through finding out about the lives of Gladiators. LC8 will give children a chance to carry out their own research on one famous Roman. They will then have to do a presentation to the class about their chosen Roman. Expressive Art Link: During LC5 children will experience marching carrying the equivalent of the Romans armour. Creative Arts Link: LC7 will provide children with a chance to research and then design and make a Roman weapon that would have been used to help them capture cities, etc. Reflection: Children through home learning tasks will be expected to put together a research file that will start with a range of questions they will have thought of. Focus Education 2014 The Terry Captive Celt Roman Invasion Dreary

Jim Eldridge My Story 10 Year 4 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown Chronological understanding Knowledge and interpretation Can they plot recent history on a timeline using centuries? Can they place periods of history on a timeline showing periods of time? Can they use their mathematical skills to round up time differences into centuries and decades? Can they explain how events from the past have helped shape our lives? Do they appreciate that wars have happened from a very long time ago and are often associated with invasion, conquering or religious differences? Do they know that people who lived in the past cooked and travelled differently and used different weapons from ours? Do they recognise that the lives of wealthy people were very different from those of poor people? Do they appreciate how items found belonging to the past are helping us to build up an accurate picture of how people lived in the past? Historical enquiry Can they research two versions of an event and say how they differ? Can they research what it was like for a child in a given period from the past and use photographs and illustrations to present their findings? Can they give more than one reason to support an historical argument? Can they communicate knowledge and understanding orally and in writing and offer points of view based upon what they have found out? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they use their mathematical skills to help them work out the time differences between certain major events in history? Can they begin to build up a picture of what main events happened in Britain/ the world during different centuries? Do they appreciate that the food people ate was different because of the availability of different sources of food? Do they appreciate that weapons will have changed by the developments and inventions that would have occurred within a given time period? Do they appreciate that wealthy people would have had a very different way of living which would have impacted upon their health and education?

Focus Education 2014 Can they independently, or as part of a group, present an aspect they have researched about a given period of history using multi-media skills when doing so? 11 Year 4 Design Technology Knowledge, Sills and Understanding Developing, planning and communicating ideas Can they come up with at least one idea about how to create their product? Do they take account of the ideas of others when designing? Can they produce a plan and explain it to others? Can they suggest some improvements and say what was good and not so good about their original design? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Evaluating processes and products Can they tell if their finished product is going to be good quality? Are they conscious of the need to produce something that will be liked by others? Can they show a good level of expertise when using a range of tools and equipment? Have they thought of how they will check if their design is successful? Can they begin to explain how they can improve their original design? Can they evaluate their product, thinking of both its appearance and the way it works? Focus Education 2014 Stiff and Flexible Materials Can they measure

carefully so as to make sure they have not made mistakes? How have they attempted to make their product strong? 12 Year 4: Why should the rainforest be important to us all? KS2 Geography: locate the worlds countries, using maps to focus on South America and concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics. WOW: Show some film clips of the rainforests LC1 How can you create your own class rainforest? LC2 Where are rainforests located and what are their main features? LC3 Why are rainforests often in the news and what can we do to help? LC4 What can you find out about an endangered animal that lives in the rainforest? LC5 How important is the Amazon to the South American rainforests? LC6 Can you create a print using the large leaves of rainforest plants as your inspiration? LC7 How would you survive in the rainforest? LC8 Reflection: Present a documentary on a day in the rainforest Literacy Link : LC4 provides opportunities for children to carry our their own research and to present their findings in a range of interesting ways which may involve ICT. LC3 will provide opportunities for children to use their persuasion skills when making cases for saving the rainforests. Numeracy Link: LC5 provides opportunities for children to use their measurement skills. LC1 sees children Creative Art Link: working together to design and create their own rainforests. This will involve dividing tasks up between them and making decisions about what they will have within the rainforest. LC6 sees children using large leaves to create their own design and prints. LC7 Design and build shelters Forever Forest

Kristin Joy Pratt Serafini The Lorax Dr. Seuss Focus Education 2014 The great Kaphok tree Lynne Cherry 13 Year 4 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Can they collect information about a place and use it in a report? Can they find possible answers to their own geographical questions? Can they make detailed sketches and plans; improving their accuracy later? Can they plan a journey to a place in another part of the world, taking account of distance and time? Physical Geography Can they explain why many cities of the world are situated by rivers? Can they explain how a location fits into its wider geographical location; with reference to physical features? Can they explain why water is such a valuable commodity? Human Geography Can they explain why people are attracted to live by rivers? Can they explain how a location fits into its wider geographical location; with reference to human and economical features? Can they explain what a place might be like in the future, taking account of issues impacting on human features? Geographical Knowledge

Can they name and locate many of the worlds major rivers on maps? Can they name and locate many of the worlds most famous mountain regions on maps? Can they locate and name the main countries in South America on a world map and atlas? Year 5 (Challenging) Can they work out an accurate itinerary detailing a journey to another part of the world? Can they explain what a place (open to environmental and physical change) might be like in the future taking account of physical features? Can they report on ways in which humans have both improved and damaged the environment? Focus Education 2014 Can they begin to recognise the climate of a given country according to its location on the map? 14 Year 4 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Evaluating processes and products Can they come up with a range of ideas after they have collected information? Do they take a users view into account when designing? Can they produce a detailed stepby-step plan? Can they suggest some alternative plans and say what the good points and drawbacks are about each? Can they explain why their finished product is going to be of good quality? Can they explain how their product will appeal to the audience? Can they use a range of tools and equipment expertly? Do they keep checking that their design is the best it can be? Do they check whether anything could be improved?

Can they evaluate appearance and function against the original criteria? Textiles Stiff and flexible sheet materials Developing, planning and communicating ideas Do they think what the user would want when choosing textiles? How have they made their product attractive and strong? Can they make up a prototype first? Can they use a range of joining techniques? Are their measurements accurate enough to ensure that everything is precise? How have they ensured that their product is strong and fit for purpose? Mouldable materials Are they motivated enough to refine and improve their product? Do they persevere through different stages of the making process? Year 4 Art & Design Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can they print using a number of colours? Can they create an accurate print design that meets a given criteria? Can they print onto different materials? Can they create all the colours they need for printing? Can they express their emotions accurately through their painting and sketches? Do they keep notes in their sketch books as to how they might develop their work further? Do they use their sketch books to compare anddiscuss ideas with others? Focus Education 2014 15 Year 3: How did the Victorian period help to shape the Atherton we know today? KS2 History: Local History - A study of Local History taking account of a period of history that shaped the locality WOW: Children to go on a guided walk through a part of Atherton and photograph what was there 100 years ago; between 50 and 100 years ago; and less than 50 years ago. LC1 What made people come and live in Atherton in the first place? LC2 When did St. Richards Church and school open and what can we find out about their history?

LC3 Why does Atherton have a Pitt memorial? LC4 Has anyone famous ever lived in Atherton? LC5 How can we capture Athertons history in art and music? LC6 What is Enamill and why is it an important part of the history of Atherton? LC7 Why does Atherton have a railway station and when was it opened? LC8 Reflection: Children to carry out an IT presentation of the advantages and disadvantages of living in Victorian Atherton Literacy Link: Opportunities for children to carry out research exist in LC1, LC2, LC3, LC4, LC6 and LC7. Literacy Link: In LC2 the children will divide into 2 groups with each group researching the history of the school or the history of the Church. Creative Art Link: In LC5 half the children will use old photographs and create their own images of Atherton based on LS Lowrys style. The other half can look at Atherton today and paint the buildings in the same street as the Lowry group. Expressive Art Links: Children will perform the music that children would have sung in Victorian times Not always Street Berlie Child Doherty Focus Education 2014 a perfect place The Railway Children Judy Waite E Nesbit 16 Year 3 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown Chronological understanding

Can they describe events from the past using dates when things happened? Can they use a timeline within a specific period in history to set out the order events may have happened? Can they use their mathematical knowledge to work out how long ago events would have happened? Knowledge and interpretation Can they suggest why certain events happened as they did in history? Can they suggest why certain people acted as they did in history? Historical enquiry Can they use various sources of evidence to answer questions? Can they use various sources to piece together information about a period in history? Can they research a specific event from the past ? Can they use their information finding skills in writing to help them write about historical information? Can they, through research, identify similarities and differences between given periods in history? Year 3 (Challenging) Can they set out on a timeline, within a given period, what special events took place? Can they begin to use more than one source of information to bring together a conclusion about an historical event? Can they use specific search engines on the Internet to help them find information more rapidly? Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown for Art and Music Art & Design Music Can they use their sketches to produce a final piece of work? Can they write an explanation of their sketch in notes? Can they use different grades of pencil shade, to show different tones and texture? Can they predict with accuracy the colours that they mix? Do they know where each of the primary and secondary colours sits on the colour wheel? Can they create a background using a wash? Can they use a range of brushes to create different effects? Do they sing in tune with expression?

Do they control their voice when singing? Can they play clear notes on instruments? Focus Education 2014 17 Year 4: Why were the Norman castles certainly not bouncy? KS2 History. A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends beyond 1066: The Norman invasion and its impact on British society. WOW: Invite children to bring in toy castles that they have at home and then discuss what they are used for and how accurate their toys are. Possible visit to local castle. LC1 Why did the Normans build so many castles? LC2 Who was William the Conqueror and why is 1066 a famous date in British history? LC3 How do we know what happened in 1066 and how could we produce a similar collage to explain what happened in Britain this year? LC4 What do you know about the Motte and Bailey castle and can you design one? LC5 Using clay can you create a piece of art that captures a Norman castle? LC6 What is the Domesday Book and do we have something similar today? LC7 What changed in Britain as a result of the Norman conquest? LC8 Reflection: In small groups, using small models, can they recreate a battle of a siege of a castle and film it. Literacy Link: It is important that the research in LC1helps children realise that castles were built to create safe areas for the conquering armies. LC2 provides further research opportunities when they focus on one famous person from our history. Link: Children will need to make Numeracy use of their measurement skills when designing their Motte and Bailey castle. Creative Arts: Children to examine the Bayeux Tapestry and try to recreate a collage to capture life today. Creative Art Link: Children in LC3 will have to carry out research on Motte and Bailey castles before designing and making one. Creative Art Link: In LC5 children will work on a clay plaque which depicts a Norman castle theme.

Focus Education 2014 Invasion June Crebbin Outlaw Michael Morpurgo 18 Year 4 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Chronological understanding Can they describe events and periods using the words: BC, AD and decade? Can they plot recent history on a timeline using centuries? Can they place periods of history on a timeline showing periods of time? Can they use their mathematical skills to round up time differences into centuries and decades? Knowledge and interpretation Can they explain how events from the past have helped shape our lives? Can they recognise how lives in the past are different from ours? Do they know that people who lived in the past cooked and travelled differently and used different weapons from ours? Do they recognise that the lives of wealthy people were very different from those of poor people? Do they appreciate how items found belonging to the past are helping us to build up an accurate picture of how people lived in the past? Historical enquiry Can they research two versions of an event and say how they differ? Can they research what it was like for a child in a given period from the past and use photographs and illustrations to present their findings? Can they give more than one reason to support an historical argument? Can they communicate knowledge and understanding orally and in writing and offer points of view based upon what they have found out? Do they appreciate how historical artefacts like the Domesday Book have helped us understand more about British lives in the present and past? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they use their mathematical skills to help them work out the time differences between certain major events in history? Can they begin to build up a picture

of what main events happened in Britain/ the world during different centuries? Do they appreciate that weapons will have changed by the developments and inventions that would have occurred within a given time period? Do they appreciate that wealthy people would have had a very different way of living which would have impacted upon their health and education? Focus Education 2014 Can they independently, or as part of a group, present an aspect they have researched about a given period of history using multi-media skills when doing so? 19 Year 4 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Developing, planning and communicating ideas Do they take account of the ideas of others when designing? Can they produce a plan and explain it to others? Can they suggest some improvements and say what was good and not so good about their original design? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Evaluating processes and products Can they tell if their finished product is going to be good quality? Are they conscious of the need to produce something that will be liked by others? Can they show a good level of expertise when using a range of tools and equipment? Have they thought of how they will check if their design is successful? Can they begin to explain how they can improve their original design? Can they evaluate their product, thinking of both its appearance and the way it works? Breadth of study Stiff and flexible sheet materials Can they measure carefully so as to make sure they have not made mistakes? How have they attempted to make their product strong? Mouldable materials Do they take time to consider how they could have made their idea better? Do they work at their product even though their original idea might not have worked?

Year 4 Art & Design Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can they identify and draw simple objects, and use marks and lines to produce texture? Can they begin to sculpt clay and other mouldable materials? Can they explain art from other periods of history? Focus Education 2014 20 Geography and History Learning Challenges Cycle B The examples that follow are exactly that, examples. Consider your context without losing sight of National Curriculum coverage when making adaptations to suit your school and pupils needs. Year 3: What makes the Earth angry? KS2 Geography: pupils to be taught physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle WOW: Show a range of clips from Tsunami; volcanoes and hurricane. Video conference a school in Iceland. LC1 What causes a volcano to erupt and which are the famous volcanoes in the world? LC2 How do volcanoes impact on the lives of people and why do people choose to live near them? LC3 How can we recreate an erupting volcano? LC4 What causes an earthquake (and a tsunami) and how are they measured? LC5 Who experiences extreme weather in our country? LC6 Which countries have experienced earthquakes and tsunamis in your life time? LC7 How can we capture a stormy weather pattern using music, drama and dance? LC8 Reflection: Each group to put together a weather presentation of extreme weather using music, drama and video clips. Literacy Link: During LC1 the children will be asked to research volcanoes in the world and pin point them onto a world map. During LC2 children will asked to think of a range of questions they would like to ask an Icelandic child. These will be emailed or asked during a video conferencing session. During LC4 the children will be asked to research earthquakes and tsunamis and write about them in a Learning Challenge journal. During LC5 children will link with children who have experienced flooding. Again opportunities could be made for video conferencing or emailing (children in Japan).

Creative Art Link: During LC3 children will be provided with an opportunity to design and make a volcano and then they will need to think of a way of making it erupt. Numeracy Link: LC4 provides opportunities for scale work. Expressive Art Link: During LC7 there will be opportunities for children to create some music which will be used as part of their reflection presentations. Possibly Peter Journey Grimes. Focus Education 2014 to the centre of the Earth HG Wells 22 Year 3 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Do they use correct geographical words to describe a place and the things that happen there? Can they identify key features of a locality by using a map? Can they make accurate measurement of distances within 100Km? Can they use maps and atlases appropriately by using contents and indices? Can they describe how volcanoes are created? Can they describe how earthquakes are created? Can they confidently describe physical features in a locality? Can they describe how volcanoes have an impact on peoples lives? Can they confidently describe human features in a locality? Can they explain why a locality has certain human features? Geographical Knowledge Can they name a number of countries in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere? Can they locate and name some of the

worlds most famous volcanoes? Can they name and locate some wellknown European countries? Are they aware of different weather in different parts of the world, especially Europe? Year 3 (Challenging) Can they work out how long it would take to get to a given destination taking account of the mode of transport? Can they explain why a locality has certain physical features? Can they explain how peoples lives vary due to weather? Focus Education 2014 Can they name the two largest seas around Europe? 23 Year 3 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Developing, planning and communicating ideas Can they show that their design meets a range of requirements? Can they put together a step-by-step plan which shows the order and also what equipment and tools they need? Can they describe their design using an accurately labelled sketch and words? How realistic is their plan? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Can they use equipment and tools accurately? Evaluating processes and products Mouldable materials What did they change which made their design even better?

Do they select the most appropriate materials? Can they use a range of techniques to shape and mould? Do they use finishing techniques? Year 3 Music Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can Can Can Can Can Can Can they they they they they they they create repeated patterns with different instruments? create accompaniments for tunes? combine different sounds to create a specific mood or feeling? improve their work; explaining how it has improved? use musical words (the elements of music) to describe a piece of music and compositions? use musical words to describe what they like and dislike? recognise the work of at least one famous composer? Focus Education 2014 24 Year 4: Who were the early lawmakers? KS2 History: crime and punishment from the Anglo Saxons to the present day WOW: Work together to create rules to make their class the most important in the whole school (Bias). Visit from a community police-officer. LC1 Why do we need laws and who thought of them in the first place? LC2 What is the Magna Carta and why is it so important even today? LC3 What is a Parliament and what is its connection to laws? LC4 Who created the first British Parliament and how did it work? LC5 Who makes our laws today and who upholds them? LC6

What were punishments like 750 years ago? LC7 Reflection: Recreate a court held in the 12th or 13th century. Literacy Link: Huge opportunities in LC1 for children to list the laws they would like to have and the ones they would do away with. This can be linked to rules in school. LC2 provides research opportunities for children to find out about the way our countrys laws were made. LC4 provides children with a chance to find out more about de Montforts parliament and how it differed to what we know today. LC6 provides children with good opportunities to have fun with what would now be strange punishments. Numeracy Link: There continues to be good opportunities for children to think about dates and how long ago as they look at how laws have changed. Creative Link: During LC3 children should be encouraged to draw the Houses of Parliament giving good attention to line, tone, and perspective. Membear of Parliament Focus Education 2014 Richard Heller 25 Year 4 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Chronological understanding Knowledge and interpretation Can they describe events and periods using the words: BC, AD and decade? Can they plot recent history on a timeline using centuries? Can they place periods of history on a timeline showing periods of time? Can they use their mathematical skills to round up time differences into centuries and decades? Can they explain how events from the past have helped shape our lives? Can they recognise how lives in the past are different from ours? Do they know that people who lived in the past cooked and travelled differently and used different weapons from ours? Do they recognise that the lives of wealthy people were very different from those of poor people? Do they appreciate how items found belonging to the past are helping us to build up an accurate picture of how people

lived in the past? Historical enquiry Can they research two versions of an event and say how they differ? Can they give more than one reason to support an historical argument? Can they communicate knowledge and understanding orally and in writing and offer points of view based upon what they have found out? Do they appreciate how historical artefacts like the Magna Carta have helped us understand more about British lives in the present and past? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they use their mathematical skills to help them work out the time differences between certain major events in history? Can they begin to build up a picture of what main events happened in Britain/ the world during different centuries? Can they recognise that peoples way of life in the past was dictated by the work they did? Do they appreciate that wealthy people would have had a very different way of living which would have impacted upon their health and education? Focus Education 2014 Can they independently, or as part of a group, present an aspect they have researched about a given period of history using multi-media skills when doing so? 26 Year 4 Art & Design Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Drawing Painting Can they identify and draw simple objects, and use marks and lines to produce texture? Can they organise line, tone, shape and colour to represent figures and forms in movement? Can they show reflections? Can they explain why they have chosen specific materials to draw with? Can they create all the colours they need? Can they create mood in their paintings? Do they successfully use shading to create

mood and feeling? Knowledge Can they experiment with different styles which artists have used? Can they explain art from other periods of history? Focus Education 2014 Sketch books Can they use their sketch books to express their feelings about various subjects and outline likes and dislikes? Do they use their sketch books to adapt and improve their original ideas? Do they keep notes about the purpose of their work in their sketch books? 27 Year 4: What would you have done after school 100 years ago? KS2 History: Leisure and Entertainment in the 20th century WOW: All children start the day by being introduced to traditional board games such as: ludo; snakes and ladders, etc. LC1 How would you have coped without television and the iPad? LC2 How was leisure and entertainment different for rich and poor children 100 years ago? LC3 Would you have been able to go to McDonalds for your birthday party 100 years ago? LC4 What would your favourite football team have looked like 100 years ago? LC5 How could you create your own Silent Movie? LC6 What would Top of the Pops have been like 100 years ago? LC7 Reflection: Children to create a documentary on life for children 100 years ago focusing on leisure and entertainment Literacy Link: Huge opportunities in LC1

for children to consider what life would be like without television and electronic gadgets. LC2 provides research opportunities for children to find out about what rich children would have had in comparison to poor ones. LC3 provides children with a chance to find out about how children would have celebrated birthdays and Christmas. LC4 provides children with good opportunities to research what footballers would have worn and then to find out about how much it would have cost to watch them play, etc. Use old football, programmes to find out more about life from the adverts, IT Presentation: During LC5 children will have to etc. write and produce their own silent movie and film it. Further opportunities for IT presentation offered in LC6 Expressive Link: During LC6 children will find out about the popular songs of the era and then create their own video dressed appropriately for the time. Chimney Child Focus Education 2014 Laurie Sheehan 28 Year 4 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Chronological understanding Can they plot recent history on a timeline using centuries? Can they place periods of history on a timeline showing periods of time? Can they use their mathematical skills to round up time differences into centuries and decades? Knowledge and interpretation Can they explain how events from the past has helped shape our lives? Can they recognise how lives in the past are different from ours? Do they know that people who lived in the past cooked and travelled differently and used different weapons from ours? Do they recognise that the lives of wealthy people were very different from those of poor people? Do they appreciate how items found belonging to the past are helping us to build up an accurate picture of how people lived in the past? Historical enquiry Can they research two versions of an event and say how they differ? Can they give more than one reason to support an historical argument? Can they communicate knowledge and understanding orally and in writing and offer points of view based upon what they have found out? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they use their mathematical skills to help them work out the time

differences between certain major events in history? Can they begin to build up a picture of what main events happened in Britain/ the world during different centuries? Can they recognise that peoples way of life in the past was dictated by the work they did? Do they appreciate that wealthy people would have had a very different way of living which would have impacted upon their health and education? Can they independently, or as part of a group, present an aspect they have researched about a given period of history using multi-media skills when doing so? Year 4 Music Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can Can Can Can Can Can they they they they they they perform a simple part rhythmically? sing songs from memory with accurate pitch? improvise using repeated patterns? start to identify the character of a piece of music? describe and identify the different purposes of music? begin to identify with the style of work of significant British musicians? Focus Education 2014 29 Year 5: How can we re-discover the wonders of Ancient Egypt? KS2 History: The achievements of the earliest civilizations an overview of the impact the Ancient Egyptians had on our society WOW: Pupils research 10 facts that they believe to be true about Ancient Egypt LC1 Where is Egypt and why do so many people enjoy going on holiday there? LC2 What is an archaeologist and how have they helped us find out about the past? LC3 How can you find out how *your town has changed? LC4

How can you recreate the wonder of the Pyramids? LC5 What have we learnt from the Ancient Egyptians writing (create time capsule)? LC6 Who were the Pharaohs, and why were they very important? LC7 What would you ask an Ancient Egyptian? LC8 How can we all go Strictly Come Egyptian dancing? LC9 Reflection: Were the Egyptians more advanced than we are? Literacy Link: LC7 - Children to think of the questions they would wish to ask an Ancient Egyptian, if they met one. LC1 Opportunities for research about Egypt its geographical location and its history. LC6 Opportunities for distinctive research on the Pharaohs, about individual pharaohs and how they were regarded. During LC5 children will discuss what they would leave in a time capsule if they wanted someone to make sense of our way of life in 2000 years time. IT Link: During LC3 children will take photographs to help them work out what would have been here 50, 100 or even 250 years ago. Creative Art Link: During LC4, children will design and make their own Pyramids which will contain at least one hidden compartment. Expressive Art Link: During LC8 children have to find out about Egyptian dances and then perform them as a group. The Time Travelling Cat Focus Education 2014 Julia Jarman The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt Elizabeth Payne 30 Year 5 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown Chronological understanding Knowledge and interpretation

Can they use dates and historical language in their work? Can they draw a timeline with different time periods outlined which show a range of information, such as, periods of history? Can they use their mathematical skills to work exact time scales and differences as need be? Can they describe historical events from the different period/ s they are studying/have studied? Can they make comparisons between historical periods; explaining things that have changed and things which have stayed the same? Do they appreciate that significant events in history have helped shape the country we have today? Historical enquiry Can they test out a hypothesis in order to answer a question? Do they appreciate how historical artefacts have helped us understand more about British lives in the present and past? Year 5 (Challenging) Can they create timelines which outline the development of specific features, such as medicine; weaponry; transport, etc. Do they appreciate how plagues and other major events have created huge differences to the way medicines and health care was looked at? Focus Education 2014 Can they research the life of one person who has had an influence on the way Great Britain is divided into four separate countries? 31 Year 5 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown Developing, planning and communicating ideas Can they come up with a range of ideas after they have collected information? Do they take a users view into account when designing? Can they produce a detailed step-bystep plan? Can they suggest some alternative plans and say what the good points and drawbacks are about each? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Can they explain why their finished product is going to be of good quality?

Can they use a range of tools and equipment expertly? Evaluating processes and products Do they keep checking that their design is the best it can be? Do they check whether anything could be improved? Can they evaluate appearance and function against the original criteria? Breadth of study Stiff and flexible sheet materials Are their measurements accurate enough to ensure that everything is precise? How have they ensured that their product is strong and fit for purpose? Year 5 Dance Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown Do they plan and perform dances confidently? Can they compose motifs and plan dances creatively and collaboratively in groups? Can they adapt and refine the way they use weight, space and rhythm in their dances to express themselves in the style of dance they use? Can they perform different styles of dance clearly and fluently? Do they organise their own warm-up and cool-down exercises? Do they show an understanding of safe exercising? Can they recognise and comment on dances, showing an understanding of style? Can they suggest ways to improve their own and other peoples work? Focus Education 2014 32 Year 4: Where would you choose to build a city? KS2 Geography: Settlements, land use, economic activity, including natural resources, especially energy and water supplies WOW: Watch a film about the building of skyscrapers in New York or Dubai and discuss why buildings need to be tall in a city. LC1 What are the common features you notice when locating all of Europes/Britains biggest cities? LC2 Why do you think rivers were important to the location of major cities? LC3 Can you choose a major European city and create a brochure to encourage someone to visit? LC4 Why is the transport system very important in major cities? LC5 Using paper, how can you create a skyscraper that is at least 2 metres high? LC6

Can you locate many of the important features on a map of a city? LC7 What are the major differences between a major city and a small town or village? LC8 Literacy Link: LC1 provides opportunities for children to research some of Europes famous cities and the relationship they have with rivers. LC3 requires children to use the internet to find out about a European city. Numeracy Link: LC2: There could be opportunities taken to find out about the length of many of Europes rivers and then create data packages, etc. LC4: Looking at how the London underground works could provide some interesting work around geometry. Creative Art Link: LC5 is designed to get children to design and make a tall building so that they appreciate the issues surrounding building some of the skyscrapers in our cities. Reflection: Children will use photographs from the internet and become a tourist guide in a well known European country. Focus Education 2014 The Building of America Ware Thompson 33 Year 4 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Can they carry out a survey to discover features of cities and villages? Can they find the same place on a globe and in an atlas? Can they label the same features on an aerial photograph as on a map? Can they accurately measure and collect information(e.g. rainfall, temperature, wind speed, noise levels etc.)? Physical Geography Human Geography Can they describe the main features of a well-known city? Can they describe the main features of a village? Can they describe the main physical

differences between cities and villages? Can they use appropriate symbols to represent different physical features on a map? Can they explain why people are attracted to live in cities? Can they explain why people may choose to live in a village rather than a city? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to human features? Can they find different views about an environmental issue? What is their view? Geographical Knowledge Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and UK? Do they know the countries that make up the European Union? Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them on a map? Can they name the areas of origin of the main ethnic groups in the UK & in their school? Year 4 (Challenging) Can they give accurate measurements between 2 given places within the UK? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to physical features? Can they explain how people are trying to manage their environment? Focus Education 2014 34 Year 4 Design Technology Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Developing, planning and communicating ideas Can they come up with at least one idea about how to create their product? Do they take account of the ideas of others when designing? Can they produce a plan and explain it to others? Can they suggest some improvements and say what was good and not so good about their original design? Working with tools, equipment, materials and components to make quality products Can they tell if their finished product is going to be good quality? Are they conscious of the need to produce something that will be liked by others?

Can they show a good level of expertise when using a range of tools and equipment? Evaluating processes and products Have they thought of how they will check if their design is successful? Can they begin to explain how they can improve their original design? Can they evaluate their product, thinking of both its appearance and the way it works? Breadth of study Stiff and flexible sheet materials Can they measure carefully so as to make sure they have not made mistakes? How have they attempted to make their product strong? Mouldable materials Do they take time to consider how they could have made their idea better? Do they work at their product even though their original idea might not have worked? Focus Education 2014 35 Year 3: Has Greece always been in the news? KS2 Geography: understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country; KS2 History: A study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world WOW: Visit from a Greek warrior, dressed accordingly, with expectation that children already have questions ready of him. LC1 Where is Greece and why do so many people enjoy going on holiday there? LC2 How do Greeces physical features, including its climate differ from ours? LC3 How does Greeces climate impact on its people? LC4 Who were the Ancient Greeks and what did we learn from them? LC5 How would a tourist to Greece today be reminded of the power of the Ancient Greeks? LC6 and the Oscar goes to? (Which Greek God would you choose to receive a special award?) LC7 Would you have enjoyed being an Olympian? LC8 What is democracy and what part did the Greeks have in

creating it? LC9 How would you go about reproducing a clay pot in the style of the Greeks? LC10 Reflection: Children to put on a special Greek event for parents to include features of ancient and modern Greece. Literacy Link: LC6 presents opportunities for children to find out information about one of the Greek Gods. LC8 provides opportunities for children to debate issues and to understand more about democracy. LC5 provides children with opportunities to research the main tourist attractions in Greece. Numeracy Link: Opportunities in LC1 for children to carry out surveys and to present information in data and statistical forms. Creative Art Link: The children should research how the Greeks made clay pots and use techniques such as coiling to make their own and decorate them accordingly. Focus Education 2014 Men And Gods Rex Warner Ancient Greece Linda Honan 36 Year 3 History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Chronological understanding Knowledge and interpretation Can they describe events from the past using dates when things happened? Can they describe events and periods using the words: ancient and century? Can they use a timeline within a specific time in history to set out the order things may have happened? Can they use their mathematical knowledge to work out how long ago events would have happened? Do they realise that invaders in the past would have fought fiercely, using hand to hand combat? Do they appreciate that wars have happened from a very long time ago and are often associated with invasion, conquering or religious differences? Can they suggest why certain

events happened as they did in history? Can they suggest why certain people acted as they did in history? Historical enquiry Can they use various sources of evidence to answer questions? Can they use various sources to piece together information about a period in history? Can they research a specific event from the past ? Can they use their information finding skills in writing to help them write about historical information? Can they, through research, identify similarities and differences between given periods in history? Year 3 (Challenging) Can they set out on a timeline, within a given period, what special events took place? Can they appreciate that war/s would inevitably have brought much distress and bloodshed? Do they have an appreciation that wars start for specific reasons and can last for a very long time? Do they appreciate that invaders were often away from their homes for very long periods and would have been homesick? Focus Education 2014 Can they begin to use more than one source of information to bring together a conclusion about an historical event? Can they use specific search engines on the Internet to help them find information more rapidly? 37 Year 3 Geography Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Geographical Enquiry Do they use correct geographical words to describe a place and the things that happen there? Can they identify key features of a locality by using a map? Can they make accurate measurement of distances within 100Km? Physical Geography Can they use maps and atlases appropriately by using contents and indices? Can they confidently describe physical features in a locality? Can they locate the Mediterranean and explain why it is a popular holiday

destination? Human Geography Can they confidently describe human features in a locality? Can they explain why a locality has certain human features? Can they explain how the lives of people living in the Mediterranean would be different from their own? Geographical Knowledge Can they name a number of countries in the Northern Hemisphere? Can they name and locate some well-known European countries? Can they name and locate the capital cities of neighbouring European countries? Are they aware of different weather in different parts of the world, especially Europe? Year 3 (Challenging) Can they work out how long it would take to get to a given destination taking account of the mode of transport? Can they explain why a locality has certain physical features? Can they explain how peoples lives vary due to weather? Can they name the two largest seas around Europe? Year 3 Art Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Can they begin to sculpt clay and other mouldable materials? Can they use specific clay techniques to create a pot? Focus Education 2014 38

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