Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy

Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy

Academic Format First and Last Name Mrs. Ryan English I Pre-AP - 1 (1 is the period) 14 September 2010 (notice no punctuation / abbreviations) o Double Spaced (even your heading) o One Inch Margins (have to go in and change manually; FILE PAGE SETUP) o Last name and page number on top right 1/2 inch from the top. o No extra space between paragraphs (just begin a new line)

o Left Justified Dont center your lines or stretch them out! o Times New Roman 12 pt font (including title!) Long Works/Short Works Italics if the work is long (novels, plays, epic poems, albums, movie titles) Quotes if the work is short (poems, short stories, essays, song titles) A Long Way Gone A Long Way Gone (or underline if you are handwriting, A Long Way Gone)

The Lady or the Tiger The Lady or the Tiger Academic Language No You EVER!!!!!! (Unless its in a quote) No first person EVER (Unless its in a quote) I think We learn The story teaches us Remove these phrases from your writing! No contractions, slang, casual conversational language Always refer to the action of the story in present tense (When Finny falls out of the tree, When Gene abandons

Leper in the snow) The Prompt Before writing anything, know your assignment READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do? Response-to-Literature Writing= writing that discusses what is of value in a work of literature. Literary Response requires a careful,

critical look at the reading. What is my Prompt? In a well developed, 5 paragraph essay, identify the character, describe how he or she is affected by a single act or mistake, and explain how the characters experience relates to the work as a whole. So, what should you focus on in your essay? Brainstorm: What single act do you plan to focus on?

Intro Paragraph At least three mature sentences Introduces the text and the author Creates interest (the hook) Ends with a thesis statement (controlling idea

of the paper) Your papers ideas The reader Introductory Hooks Draws in the reader

Tone should match the essay (serious, humorous, etc.) Introduces the text you will be talking about Possibility: Start with a quote from the book or an outside source that relates to the chosen theme Another example: A Separate Peace by John Knowles is not a novel about World War II as much as it is a novel about the internal war of Gene Forrester, the books narrator and central character.

Thesis Statements (yay!) Definition: A single declarative sentence that expresses what you want your readers to understand; the controlling idea of your essay and road map for your paper Directly answers the prompt Makes a claim that others could refute

Last sentence of your introduction (for now) Thesis Statement Examples A theme from A Separate Peace is revenge. I think the book is about the side effects of war. One of the themes of A Separate Peace is jealousys capability to destroy friendships.

John Knowles stresses the importance of identity in his novel and encourages the reader to be his or her own person. Whats Your Thesis? Finding Evidence Quotes should be only one sentence. We will be trimming them down even further later. Dont forget to write down the page #!

What scenes prove your theme? What is a powerful sentence from that Blending Quotes Choose only a portion of the quote and blend it

in with your own analysis. Dont include tons of summary or set-up. Your audience (me!) knows the plot already. When Gene states that [he] was to become part of Phineas, the lines between the two boys, at least from Genes perspective are becoming more and more blurred (Knowles 120). Internal Documentation

Changing a word in the quote to fit the context of your sentence requires brackets. The sentences meaning should not change. Documenting internally Always at the end of the sentence, not right after the actual quote. Commentary quote quote (Author last name page #). Commentary quote commentary (authors last name page number). Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE

A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of the paragraph. It shows the main idea. Usually a mildly controversial statement--something that you have to prove. Example Topic Sentence (TS)

1) In the fairy tale The Three Little Pigs, the third pig is very wise. Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger. CDs = Support for your TS. (facts, quotes, examples, etc. from text)

CDs cant be argued witha CD is evidence that supports your point! Example Concrete Detail (CD) 2) For example, remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. (Summary)

Step 3: COMMENTARY Commentary Sentences (CM) are the extras on the hamburgerthe tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayothey make it delicious! CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.

Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs) 3) Because the wolf is unable to blow down the house, the reader is able to see that the third pig made the right choice. The third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Step 4: CONCLUDING

SENTENCE A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea. Example Concluding Sentence (CS)

5) In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the big, bad wolf as well. TS, CD, CM, CSNow What? CHUNKING A combination of CDs and CMs is called a chunk. For a literary response, we will use a combination (or ratio) of 1:2.

That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CMs. One Chunk: 1 CD + 2 CM For example, remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. Because the wolf is unable to blow down the house, the reader is able to see that the third pig made the right choice. The third pig is

smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. Ratio = 1:2 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect your ideas. Example transitions: For example, For instance,

Consequently, Thus, In summary, Because of this, As a result, Hence, Therefore,

Does It Flow? Reread the paragraph to yourself (out loud is best!) Does it make sense? Does it sound right? Step 6: A Whole Paragraph In the fairy tale The Three Little Pigs, the third pig is very wise. For example,

remembering his mothers warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. Because the wolf is unable to blow down the house, the reader is able to see that the third pig made the right choice. The third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the big, bad wolf as well.

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