INDIA - Minnesota State University Moorhead

INDIA - Minnesota State University Moorhead

Chapter 13 INDIA 2 THE MAKING OF THE MODERN INDIAN STATE Politics in Action Anticorruption movement Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Section 1

3 THE MAKING OF THE MODERN INDIAN STATE Section 1 Geographic Setting Subcontinent of Asia Rich geography with three diverse

topographic zones Variety of climates Separated by the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. THE INDIAN NATION AT A GLANCE 5 Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 6

THE MAKING OF THE MODERN INDIAN STATE Critical Junctures The Colonial Legacy (1757-1947) Indian Rebellion The Nationalist Movement and Partition (1885-1947)

The Nehru Era (1947-1964) Patronage system Nonaligned bloc Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 7 THE MAKING OF THE MODERN INDIAN STATE Critical Junctures

The Indira Gandhi Era (1966-1984) Emergency (1975-1977) Coalition Governments (1989 to the Present) September 11th and Its Aftermath Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. THE FOUR THEMES AND INDIA 8

India in a Globalized World of States Governing the Economy The Democratic Idea The Politics of Collective Identity Implications for Comparative Politics Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Where Do You Stand? 9 Would India have been better off with a more authoritarian system? Is democracy really meaningful for those

who do not have enough to eat and may not be able to read and write? Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 10 POLITICAL ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT State and Economy The Economy after Independence

Green revolution State-led economic development Economic Liberalization Reforms in Agriculture Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Section 2 GDP Growth, 2004-2012 11 Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

12 POLITICAL ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT Society and Economy Inequality and Social Welfare Policy Naxalite revolutionary movement High population of child labor Caste hierarchy

The untouchablesor scheduled castes Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Educational Levels by Gender 13 Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 14 POLITICAL ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT Environmental Issues

Pollution in the lakes and rivers Deforestation Illegal mining National Action Plan Chipko movement Narmada Bachao Andolan (Save the Narmada Struggle) Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 15

POLITICAL ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT India in the Global Economy Federal investment remains low Excels in computer software Prime destination for corporate call centers Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Where Do You Stand? 16

Will economic growth on its own solve the problem of poverty in India? There is an old argument that democracies are no good at promoting growth. What does this India case teach you about this argument? Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. GOVERNANCE AND POLICYMAKING Section 3 17 Organization of the State

Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament) Rajya Sabha (upper house of parliament) Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 18 GOVERNANCE AND POLICYMAKING The Executive

The Prime Minister and Cabinet The Prime Minister The Cabinet The Bureaucracy Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 19 GOVERNANCE AND POLICYMAKING Other State Institutions

The Military and the Police The Judiciary Zamindars Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) Subnational Government Panchayats Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

20 GOVERNANCE AND POLICYMAKING The Policy-Making Process Most legislation is passed because the prime minister usually commands a majority in parliament Policy shift to economic liberalization Implementation after adopting policies is challenging

Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Where Do You Stand? 21 Is India too centralized? The poor quality of local bureaucracy in India is not a problem because active civil society groups can solve local problems. Discuss. Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 22 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION

The Legislature Bicameral Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Section 4 Women in Parliament 23

Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 24 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION Political Parties and the Party System The Congress Party The Janata Party and Janata Dal Mandal Commission

Other backward classes Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 25 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION Political Parties and the Party System The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) The Communist Party of India (CPM) The Aam Admi Party (Common Man Party)

Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 26 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION Elections Good turnout rate Campaigning

Television Personal contacts between politicians and voters Pictures of party symbols are critical because of low literacy rates Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 27 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity

Political/public and private spheres are not sharply differentiated Results in corruption India elite is extremely factionalized Regions are highly differentiated by language and culture Hindus pitted against Muslims Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Interest Groups, Social Movements, and Protest Labor unions Social movements Dalit movement Anticorruption movement AP Photo/Sebastian John 28

REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 29 REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION The Political Impact of Technology

Cell phones and Internet have revolutionized communication Political parties and social movements use Internet to gain support Technology has influenced military weaponry and strategy Employ technology to monitor Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Where Do You Stand? 30 Since democracy is about preventing the abuse of power, fragmentation of power in India is a good

thing. Discuss. Based on what you have learned about Indian politics and the BJP, do you think the election of Narendra Modi is a good, new direction for India? Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 31 INDIAN POLITICS IN TRANSITION Political Challenges and Changing Agendas

The Challenge of Ethnic Diversity Political Violence India-Pakistan Tensions Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Section 5 32 INDIAN POLITICS IN TRANSITION Political Challenges and Changing Agendas

Nuclear Weapons Kashmir in a World of States Indias Regional Relations Economic Performance Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 33 INDIAN POLITICS IN TRANSITION Political Challenges and Changing

Agendas International Power and Domestic Prosperity Institutional Decay Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 34 INDIAN POLITICS IN TRANSITION Youth Politics and the Generational Divide

Young country Young people are active in struggles against corruption and antiquated rape laws Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 35 INDIAN POLITICS IN TRANSITION Indian Politics in Comparative Perspective

Democratic consolidation Relationship between democratic institutions and multiethnic societies Success in providing education Welfare produces success in the economy sphere Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Where Do You Stand? 36 Religious groups in India should not have separate laws governing such issues as marriage or inheritance. All these issues should be covered under a single law applicable to all Indians.

Discuss. Indias lowest castes have gained in dignity and, even though poor, now feel more included in the Indian political system. Discuss. Copyright 2016 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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