How does Stevenson present duality through the settings in ...

How does Stevenson present duality through the settings in ...

REVISION LECTURE THE STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE How does Stevenson use settings in the novel to emphasise key ideas and themes? HOW DOES STEVENSON USE SETTINGS IN THE NOVEL TO EMPHASISE KEY THEMES?

Duality Hypocrisy Tension, mystery and suspense HOW DOES STEVENSON USE SETTINGS IN THE NOVEL TO EMPHASISE KEY THEMES? Theory: Victorian society and its moral values and expectations is a faade. People claim to be upstanding citizens with high moral values, but everyone has a devil that is caged.

Victorian society is a faade What society and its gentleman display on the outside Is not the same as what

is on the inside DUALITY THE HYPOCRISY OF VICTORIAN SOCIETY for the buildings are so packed together about that court, that its hard to say where one ends and another begins. (Page 10)

a certain sinister block of building thrust forward its gable on the street. heirs of a celebrated surgeon Was Jekylls house based on a real one? 1.

Dr Jekylls house was possibly based on the residence of famous surgeon John Hunter (1728-1793), whose respectable and renowned house in Leicester Square in the late 18th century also had a secret. 2. Hunter required human corpses, many of them supplied by resurrection men who robbed fresh graves.

3. These were brought, usually at night, to the back entrance of the house, which had a drawbridge leading to the preparation rooms and lecture-theatre. The description of the door represents a disreputable character

Story of the Door Page 2 3 Story of the Door Page 5 Story of the Door 1. Into the building that the blistered and distained door leads to, disappears Hyde.

2. He returns with a cheque signed by (as we later discover or infer) Jekyll, who is described as the very pink of the proprieties which emphasises his respectable reputation. 3. This is the first indication that a sordid exterior and a respectable interior can be linked, even though this is not apparent. Jekylls house Page 16

Jekylls house (Search for Mr Hyde) 1. The respectable nature of Jekyll is emphasised through the description of his house: Utterson regards Jekylls hall as the pleasantest room in London. 2. Jekylls house remains the only house that is still in sole occupancy and still seems wealthy and comfortable when all around it have decayed. 3. The irony is that Jekyll is not the upstanding pillar of the

community that he appears to be. His house creates a faade; he seems better than those around him but is, in fact, just as disreputable. This description provides another indication of the normal and respectable existing alongside the unusual and deviant.

Jekylls cabinet Page 51 On entering the door to Jekylls house, Utterson is led to the laboratory which has an entirely contrasting appearance and tone. Jekylls laboratory

Page 28 The laboratory gives a clue to the chemical nature of Jekylls work; normal science has been abandoned, indicated by the appearance of the laboratory. Hydes house also helps to emphasise the duality of

Jekyll. It contains luxury items but is also disordered and ransacked. Hydes house in Soho Page 26 HOW DOES STEVENSON USE SETTINGS IN THE NOVEL TO EMPHASISE KEY THEMES?

First key ideathe settings help to show the two sides of Victorian side and indicate its hypocrisy. HOW DOES STEVENSON USE SETTINGS IN THE NOVEL TO EMPHASISE KEY THEMES? Theory: settings are used to create mystery, tension and suspense. Story of the Door

The building also helps to introduce an air of mystery into the novella Page 6 Foggy settings The novel uses a constant motif of fog to emphasise the hidden nature of

Jekylls other side. Examples include Page 24: A great chocolate-coloured pall lowered over heaven Page 25: the fog settled down again upon that part, as brown as umber and cut him off Page 28: for even in the houses the fog began to lie thickly

Page 31: the fog still slept on the wing above the drowned city. The fog motif also adds to the sense of mystery, symbolising the way that Utterson is cut off from the truth. The city represents the Victorians fear of crime and of the darker side of life, a fear of the unknown Page 12 13

Uttersons nightmare Later Gothic texts (like the novella) were set in familiar locations Hydes attacks both take place on London streets: London was startled by a crime of singular ferocity The threat is presented as being closer to home which intensifies the fear created.

Darkness and isolation help to build a sense of horror Page 3: I was coming home from some place at the end of the world, about three oclock of a black winter morningStreet after street, and all the folks asleep Page 13: By ten oclock, when the shops were closed, the by-street was very solitary and, in spite of the low growl of London from all round, very silent. Page 25: this mournful reinvasion of darknesslike a district of some city in a nightmare.

Page 42: the streets unusually bare of passengersMr Utterson thought he had never seen that part of London so desertedso sharp a wish to see and touch his fellow-creatures Soho is presented as dark, nightmarish, poor, and morally corrupt. This reflects the evil of Hyde and also Uttersons distance from this kind of life and behaviour.

Soho Page 24 - 25 How to use this information to answer an exam question 1. Settings expose the duality and hypocrisy of Victorian society. Write about: Jekylls house and its relationship with the door in Story

of the door and the laboratory. Jekylls cabinet. Hydes house in Soho. How to use this information to answer an exam question 2. Settings create mystery. Write about: The door The motif of fog

How to use this information to answer an exam question 3. Settings create a sense of isolation and horror. Write about: The motif of darkness The description of the streets of London Uttersons nightmarish view of London The description of Soho

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