History of Christmas - teachers.henrico.k12.va.us

History of Christmas - teachers.henrico.k12.va.us

History of Christmas Everything you wanted to know about Christmas but were afraid to ask! The Assignment: Write a five-paragraph essay which explains how the modern celebration of the Christmas Holiday reflects the notion of the American Melting Pot. Be sure to explain specific examples in your essay.

This will be counted as an extra-credit homework assignment! Be sure to read notes section of each slide to lea more! In the beginning. The middle of winter has long been a time of celebration around the

world. Centuries before the arrival of the man called Jesus, early Europeans celebrated light and birth in the darkest days of winter. Many peoples rejoiced during the winter solstice, when the worst of the winter was behind them and they could look forward to longer days and extended hours of

What is Christmas?? Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ's birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees. The word Christmas comes from Cristes maesse, an early English phrase that means Mass of Christ. Making the dark light

In Scandinavia, the Norse celebrated Yule (from December 21, the winter solstice, through January). It celebrated the return of the sun, fathers and sons would bring home large logs, which they would set on fire. The people would feast until the log burned out, which could take as many as 12 days. The

Norse believed that each spark from the fire represented a new pig or calf that would be born during the coming year. Why December??? At that time of year, most cattle were slaughtered so they would not have to be fed during the winter. For many, it was the only time of year when they had a supply of fresh

meat. In addition, most wine and beer made during the year was finally fermented and ready for drinking. Naughty or Nice??? In Germany, people honored the pagan god Odin during the midwinter holiday. Germans were terrified of Odin, as they believed he made nocturnal flights through the sky to observe his people, and then

decide who would prosper or perish. (Does this sound familiar?) Because of his presence, many people chose to stay inside. Saturnalia in Rome Food and drink were plentiful and the normal Roman social order was turned upside down. For a month, slaves would become masters. Peasants

were in command of the city. Business and schools were closed so that everyone could join in the fun. Saturnalia in Rome In addition, members of the upper classes often celebrated the birthday of Mithra, the god of the unconquerable sun, on December 25. It was believed that Mithra, an infant god,

was born of a rock. For some Romans, Mithra's birthday was the most sacred day of the year. ?what if you change that to sOn? Why December 25? In the fourth century, church officials decided to institute the birth of Jesus as a holiday.

Unfortunately, the Bible does not mention date for his birth (a fact Puritans later pointed out in order to deny the legitimacy of the celebration). Although some evidence suggests that his birth may have occurred in the spring (why would shepherds be herding in the middle of winter?), Pope Julius I chose December 25. Why would this be a good day to choose??? Christmas replaces Saturnalia By holding Christmas at the same time as traditional

winter solstice festivals, church leaders increased the chances that Christmas would be popularly embraced, but gave up the ability to dictate how it was celebrated. By the Middle Ages, Christianity had, for the most part, replaced pagan religion. Christmas replaces Saturnalia

On Christmas, believers attended church, then celebrated raucously in a drunken, carnival-like atmosphere similar to today's Mardi Gras. Each year, a beggar or student would be crowned the "lord of misrule" and eager celebrants played the part of his subjects. The poor would go to the houses of the rich and demand their best food and drink. If owners failed to comply, their visitors would most likely terrorize them with mischief. Christmas became the time of year when the upper classes could repay their real or imagined "debt" to society

by entertaining less fortunate citizens. Christmas and the Puritans When Oliver Cromwell and his Puritan forces took over England in 1645, they vowed to rid England of decadence and, as part of their effort, cancelled Christmas. By popular demand, Charles II

was restored to the throne and, with him, came the return of the popular holiday. Christmas and the Puritans Christmas was not a holiday in early America. From 1659 to 1681, the celebration of Christmas was actually outlawed in Boston. Anyone exhibiting the Christmas spirit was fined five shillings.

By contrast, in the Jamestown settlement, Captain John Smith reported that Christmas was enjoyed by all and passed without incident. Why the difference? Christmas in America After the American Revolution, English customs fell out of favor, including Christmas. Congress was in

session on December 25, 1789! Christmas wasn't declared a federal holiday until June 26, 1870. Why Christmas Trees? Long before the advent of Christianity, plants and trees that remained green all year had a special

meaning for people in the winter. Just as people today decorate their homes during the festive season with pine, spruce, and fir trees, ancient peoples hung evergreen boughs over their doors and windows. In many countries it was believed that evergreens would keep away witches, ghosts, evil spirits, and illness. The German

Christmas Tree 16th century devout Christians brought decorated trees into their homes It is a widely held belief that Martin Luther, the 16th-century Protestant reformer, first added lighted candles to a tree. Victorian Christmas

Saint Nicholas St. Nicholas was the Bishop of Myra (Turkey) He was known for his kindness and charity Became the protector of children and sailors St. Nicholas

Dutch nickname, Sinter Klaas, a shortened form of Sint Nikolaas (Dutch for Saint Nicholas). According to legend, Sinter Klaas makes his rounds on December 5, Saint Nicholas's Eve. He is sometimes said to be accompanied by a figure named Black Peter, who carries a whip for naughty children.

La Befana Italian Santa Portrayed as a witch, she delivers toys to good Italian boys and girls Knecht Ruprecht American Santa

Claus Thomas Nast American Santa Claus Sundblom

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Review of SE and UML

    Review of SE and UML

    CSI 5112 Review of Software Engineering Daniel Amyot University of Ottawa 2007
  • Project 6 - Northern Kentucky University

    Project 6 - Northern Kentucky University

    the Printbutton to print a copy of the necklace.html Web page as laid out in the browser. Click. the Braceletslink on the navigationmenu and . ... Chapter Summary. Use. the <frame> tag. Change. frame scrolling options. Name. a frame content...
  • CS300 Fall &#x27;00 - Stanford University

    CS300 Fall '00 - Stanford University

    Trio A System for Integrated Management of Data, Accuracy, and Lineage Jennifer Widom Stanford University Basic Premise Traditional Database Management Systems (DBMS's) are too rigid for some applications Every data item is either in the database or it isn't Its...
  • Functional Group Nomenclature Organic Chemistry Lesson # 3

    Functional Group Nomenclature Organic Chemistry Lesson # 3

    The part attached to the C=O is from the acid and is named using the suffix "oate". a) pentyl butanoate b) propyl ethanoate Drawing Practice c) methyl benzoate d) ethyl 3-methylbutanoate e) 2-methylbutyl ethanoate Naming Practice . Title: Slide 1...
  • Computer accounting with quickbooks 2018

    Computer accounting with quickbooks 2018

    Select Planning & Budgeting. Select Set Up Budgets. 1. 2. 3. Budgets. Select Year. Select Budget Type ... Use the Credit Memo window. Audit Trail. Audit Trail feature tracks all changes (additions, modifications, and deletions) made to your QuickBooks records....
  • Using Gustar - LPS

    Using Gustar - LPS

    Using Gustar Avancemos Level 1 Help me fill in the grid with Spanish pronouns.. Yo Tú Él, Ella, Usted Nosotros/as Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes X We are going to substitute those pronouns with INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS Yo Tú Él, Ella, Usted...
  • Children&#x27;s EHR Format Enhancement

    Children's EHR Format Enhancement

    Children's EHR Format Enhancement. Final Recommendation Report. Jonathan S. Wald, M.D., M.P.H. RTI International. www.rti.org. RTI International is a registered ...
  • Chapter 3 Lesson 3 - Pleasant Valley High School

    Chapter 3 Lesson 3 - Pleasant Valley High School

    Arial Impact Times New Roman Tahoma Windpower design template 1_Windpower design template Chapter 3 - Lesson 3 Unique Quality of Sculpture Vocabulary of sculpture Relief Sculpture Bas Relief- Donatello - Feast of Herod High Relief - Andrea della Robbia -...