Terence Tan Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore CLICKHERETOKNOWMORE Taranjot Kaur Gadhok Chief Projects (HSMI) HUDCO Urbanizing India Approx.286.12 million or 28% of Indias population living in urban areas in 2001. In 2007, 29% or nearly 310 million population living in urban areas. In 2001, there were 5,161 urban centres in India, of which 35 were metropolitan cities Urbanization and Growth Engines of Growth over 60% contribution to the economy 50-60% population is less than 35 years old Hubs for enterprise, innovation, young people and politics Increasing dependence of national/state economic growth on the productivity of cities Urban Services and Infrastructure Real Estate Water Supply Corporate Sector Oil & Gas Commercialization Plight of services Unfinished Agenda Collection Efficiency: 40-90% Solid Waste treated in metro cities: 7% only [CPCB 2002] Failing Services Poor are the most affected Globalization and Urbanization are inevitable so.? Answer is.. Planned Growth and Good Urban Governance Before . After . Data that goes into Urban Planning Physical Environment Climate Contours Natural resources Land /Area Water and Soil strata Vulnerability Energy needs Social Environment Demographics Households Age groups Education facilities Health facilities Transportation facilities Cities are no more static and require dynamic Planning. Economic Potential Vision of the city Major Economic activity Places of work Transportation nodes Infrastructure available Financial Condition Industry The Challenge is ..to go beyond Master Planning M CH M EN ST 15 00 IS W T 14 00 W ST
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ST ST RG 32 BY NA 22 ST NA BY G EO 34 R BU 18 CI FI C RE LL ay ST G re en w 11 00 BU R NE LS O ST :B U ST 17 00 ay E X Bi ke w ND O 12 00 44 PE Bi ke w N 44 DA VI 11 00 28 PA 16 12 00 ST ST ST 12 00 M O X NE LS O 11 00
ST N HT O G U BR O 12 00 12 00 ST N 17 00 M W 26 R JE VIS ST ST 00 12 00 12 24 Source: Vanmap 32 26 Vancouver IE RE LL O CO 18 00 H E ST SMIT 1000 DA V D a t a q u a lit y n o t g u a r a n t e e d C ST 44 PE ND NE LS O ST N ST 13 00 LA Y ST 13 00 IE :C 13 00 42 DA V C IT Y O F V A N C O U V E R The City of ay LA NI
CO 12 00 14 00 RE LL G HT O BR O 90 0 Bi ke w ST Marpole RC BU TE Killarney ND AV U ST ST Victoria-Fraserview BA ST NI CO LA Sunset O X N ST Streets and Parks 14 00 O N 10 00 -1 10 0 Kerrisdale Oakridge CO M NE LS TO 17 00 IA SSEE EYYY M MM O OO UUR RR R PE RG 8800 00 M O RO E C AR D 15 00 ay : Bi
ke w 15 00 ST IL FO G 18 00 Renfrew-Collingwood Dunbar-Southlands 18 00 10 00 AV Riley Park ST RD ST 18 00 Arbutus-Ridge Shaughnessy N ST RE LL H AC Mount Pleasant O 90 0 IL C CH ND BE Fairview 11122 0000 TTHH UR UU RR LLOO OW W SSSTT T <<----- Kitsilano 00 20 West Point Grey PE NE LS O HA R RD 19 00 10 00 20 00 18 00 ST ST Hastings-Sunrise N O Strathcona NE LS O 18 00
FO West End G EO 70 0 O IL C CH 90 0 80 0- 20 00 Downtown ST G IL English English Bay Bay N 90 0 Burrard Burrard Inlet Inlet ST STANLEY PAR K DRIVE IVE N DR GOO 0 LA 19 E 80 00 DR IV GO ON RO 800 LA BS O W ST 19 00 EW S GIS -meets the challenge of dynamics of the City Contours , parks, shelters for Homeless Level of Dynamicity that Can be achieved http//vanmappub.vancouver.ca/web/ vanmap/vanmappe.htm http://vanmappub.vancouver.ca/web/ vanmap/vanmappe.htm Map of Streets with contours Y TO N DR IV E 470 0 - 48 0 0 WA LKW A 4600 TRAFALGAR ST ED DI NG 4500 MACDONALD ST 22 00 ST IV DR 4700-4800 ELM ST N Z E
4800 MACDONALD ST 4300 MACKENZIE ST 4500 MACKENZIE ST IVE DR EY 4500 CARNARVON ST L AL TO PA C IT Y O F V A N C O U V E R AE RV NA 4700 CARNARVON ST 0V 0 80 -4 00 47 0 80 -4 00 47 RIVE ET D 74 430 ST PUG 74 76 2900 W 32ND AV 460 0 2941 2923 2907 2965 2965 2965 2941 29412923 29232907 2907 2941 2923 2907 74 2989 2989 2989 2918 2906 2918 29182906 2906 2918 2906 78 3107 3075 3041 3007 3107 3107 3075 3075 3041 3041 3007 3007 3107 3075 3041 3007 2966 2966 2966 2923 2923 2923 2923 2931 2931 2931 2931 4689 4689 4689 4689 78 3163 3163 3163 3163 2978 2978 2978
78 72 4688 2979 2963 4688 4688 2979 2979 2963 2963 4688 2979 2963 2938 2938 2938 2938 T 72 4634 4634 463429622946 2946 2946 2962 29622946 2962 4700-4800 PATON ST 2955 2915 2955 2955 2915 2915 2955 2915 2900 W 30TH AV S RT GA 76 2983 2983 2983 2963 2963 2983 2963 2963 3000-3100 W 31ST AV 3142 3108 3008 3142 31423108 3108 3068 3068 3042 3008 3142 3108 3068 3042 3008 3068 3042 3008 2914 2914 2914 2914 AG 0H 2970 2954 2970 2970 2954 2954 2970 2954 450 2978 2978 2978 2978 GE 2903 2903 2903 2903 ID 2967 2967 2967 2951 2951 2951 2951 2900 W 29TH AV R EN AK BR 4417 4417 4417 4417
31593163 3163 3159 3163 3044 3006 3044 3044 3006 3006 3044 3006 54 3160 3172 3138 3138 3108 3160 31603172 31383108 3108 3160 3172 3138 3108 3082 3082 3082 3082 2605 2605 2605 28 2605 Towards Good Governance Urban Reforms for Good Governance Devolution of Power through 74th Constitutional Amendment JNNURM Reforms Implementation of RAY Devolution Powers through 74th CAA 74th Amendment for urban sector came out as a historical reform to decentralize power at the grass root level Provided constitutional recognition to the ULBs and empowers them to function as an effective democratic institution of local self- government Introduced some fundamental changes in the system of local governance: 1.Structure and Composition of ULBs 2.Periodic and fair conduct of elections 3.Constitution of Ward Committees (WC) 4.Constitution of MPCs and DPCs 5.Devolution of additional functions as per 12th Schedule 6.Constitution of State Finance Commissions (SFCs) JNNURM-A Two-Track Strategy JNNURM UIDSSMT & IHSDP Track-I Track-II For 63 Identified cities For Other cities Reforms under JNNURM Rajiv Awas Yojna(RAY)A way forward towards Slum Free City Planning The Objectives of RAY are Bringing existing slums within the formal system and enabling them to avail of the same level of basic amenities as the rest of the town Redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums And Tackling the shortages of urban land and housing that keep shelter out of reach ofthe urban poor and force them to resort to extra-legal solutions in a bid to retain their sources of livelihood and employment http://indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/RAYGuidelines-English.pdf RAY- A hope to achieve Slum Free City Central Assistance under RAY will be predicated on the condition that States/UTs assign legal title to slum-dwellers over their dwelling space 1.Internal earmarking within local body budgets for basic services to the urban poor; 2.Provision of basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at affordable prices 3.Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing projects for EWS/LIG category http://indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/RAYGuidelinesEnglish.pdf Slum Free City Plan of Action Part-1 regarding the upgrading of existing slums Part-2 regarding the action to prevent new slums Methodology a) survey of all slums notified and non-notified; (b) mapping of slums using the state-of-art technology;
(c) integration of geo-spatial and socio-economic data; and (d) identification of development model proposed for each slum. Base maps to be prepared at an appropriate scale Methodology Conducting Socio economic Slum Surveys in cities (Notified and Non-Notified) Inventory of existing spatial data available with different agencies. Obtaining Satellite Image of the City and its fringes Geo-Referencing of Satellite images and preparing Base Map for entire urban area Identification & Demarcation of slum areas & Vacant Lands on Base Map Entry of data from Slum Surveys into MIS database, compilation and collation of data in MIS to aid preparation of City Slum-free Plans of Action Delineation of slum areas and Mapping slum Infrastructure Integration of Slum MIS with GIS Maps (to enable preparation of GIS-enabled Slum Information System Key to implementation 1. Engagement of Lead NGOs/CBOs to guide and anchor community mobilization for in the selected Cities/Urban Agglomerations Carrying out biometric identification survey of slum-dwellers and hardware for the storage of bio-metric information (Unique Identity Card initiative) and 2.Training programs in 1. Slum MIS/GIS, Slum Mapping, 2.Slum Development/Slum free City and Slumfree State Planning, 3. Project Management, Pro-poor Reforms etc. Our Goals to achieve Slum Free City using GIS Our Goals to achieve Slum Free City using GIS Our Goals to achieve Slum Free City using GIS Challenges Base Line Data Data from Socio-economic Surveys May not fulfill the data requirements of the GIS Portal Legislations e.g. Reservation of 10-15%land for poor Town Planning acts and Bye Laws changing FAR Rent Control acts to enable rental housing acts Identification of head of the households in a slum and actual holder of tenure rights Survey and marking actual boundaries of the house/hut in a slum Scattered communities HUDCOs Role We are a Techno-Financial Institution of GOI (Ministry of HUPA) Have been in Business of financing Housing and Urban Sector for last 3 decades(1970) with major focus on financing EWS and LIG We Provide Consultancy, technical and Financial Appraisal, Capacity Building /Training, and Financing for Urban Projects (Housing & Infrastructure ) Key Player in Implementation of GOIs Programs We operate through our regional centers located in state capitals of the country GIS makes sense to us as it would help us in risk reduction of parking our funds at the right place and right cause. Human Settlement Management Institute HSMI is an arm of Hudco Established in 1985 it is involved in research Documentation and training in the areas of Housing and Urban development & Management to the professionals , administrators elected representatives of state as well as Local bodies. It has four centers of excelence Center Center Center Center for for for for Sustainable Habitat Poverty Alleviation Project development and Management Affordable Housing It has a network with International and National agencies like IHS, Rotterdam UNDP, World Bank, WHO,UNICEF, ADB , ADPC and the Ministries of GOI. Thank You Taranjot Kaur Gadhok Chief Projects (HSMI) HUDCO
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